akt signaling
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 1059-1064
Author(s):  
Li Gao ◽  
Shulan Lv ◽  
Yan Zhu

ADAM-17 is a membrane-bound protease and highly expressed in multiple tumors. BMSCs carrying target genes are delivered to damaged sites. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying BMSCs with ADAM-17 in cervical cancer (CC). BMSCs were transfected with ADAM-17 mimics and co-cultured with CC cells followed by analysis of cell proliferation and migration by MTT assay and scratch assay, ADAM-17 and target genes (LAMB3, Robol) level by Western blot and RT-qPCR. As the effectiveness of ADAM-17 transfection was confirmed by its increased level, the presence of empty vector rarely affected ADAM-17 expression and biological activities of CC cells compared to control group (p > 0.05). BMSCs with ADAM-17 overexpression increased CC cell proliferation and enhanced scratch healing rate (p < 0.05), accompanied with upregulated LAMB3 and Robol. The difference in LAMB3 and Robol expression between empty vector group and control group did not reach a significance. In conclsuion, this study elucidates that BMSCs with ADAM-17 overexpression promotes CC cell progression through up-regulation of LAMB3 and Robol and activation EGFR/PI3K/Akt signaling, providing a novel BMSC-based targeted therapy.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 393-398
Author(s):  
Ming Yan ◽  
Ringxing Bai ◽  
Hongyi Zhang ◽  
Wenmao Yan

SDF-1α activity is closely related to information transmission and cell migration when contributing to lymphatic metastasis in various tumors. Herein, we explored the interaction among SDF-1α, CXCR4 and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in gastric cancer (GC) and their roles in this disorder. Human GC cells KATO-III and BMSCs were co-cultured without contact. GC cells were transfected with SDF-1α, CXCR4 inhibitor, and PI3K inhibitor. After examining the efficiency of transfection, cell migration was evaluated using Transwell chamber, and expression SDF-1α, CD133, and CXCR4 was determined by RT-qPCR. With transfection rate of 98%, the number of migrated cells reduced upon inhibition of CXCR4 and PI3K. Luciferase activity in 565 nm are high than CXCR4 inhibition group. (p < 0.05). Likewise, up-regulation of SDF-1α increased the expression of SDF-1 (0.825±0.061), CD133 (0.875±0.058), CXCR4 (0.801±0.052), and Akt (0.852±0.062), compared to the blank group, CXCR4 inhibition group and PI3K inhibition group (p < 0.05). Down-regulation of CXCR4 and PI3K, however, decreased the expression insignificantly (p > 0.05). Collectively, up-regulation of SDF-1α activates CXCR4 signaling pathway of BMSCs and stimulates its downstream PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and and increases the expression of CD133, thereby promoting malignant behaviors of GC cells.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard ◽  
Tayyebeh Khoshbakht ◽  
Mohammad Taheri ◽  
Seyedpouzhia Shojaei

Sprouty RTK signaling antagonist 4-intronic transcript 1 (SPRY4-IT1) is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) encoded by a gene located on 5q31.3. This lncRNA has a possible role in the regulation of cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. Moreover, since SPRY4-IT1 controls levels of lipin 2, it is also involved in the biosynthesis of lipids. During the process of biogenesis, SPRY4-IT1 is produced as a primary transcript which is then cleaved to generate a mature transcript which is localized in the cytoplasm. SPRY4-IT1 has oncogenic roles in diverse tissues. A possible route of participation of SPRY4-IT1 in the carcinogenesis is through sequestering miRNAs such as miR-101-3p, miR‐6882‐3p and miR-22-3p. The sponging effect of SPRY4-IT1 on miR-101 has been verified in colorectal cancer, osteosarcoma, cervical cancer, bladder cancer, gastric cancer and cholangiocarcinoma. SPRY4-IT1 has functional interactions with HIF-1α, NF-κB/p65, AMPK, ZEB1, MAPK and PI3K/Akt signaling. We explain the role of SPRY4-IT1 in the carcinogenesis according to evidence obtained from cell lines, xenograft models and clinical studies.


Author(s):  
Hikari Yoshitane ◽  
Kiyomichi Imamura ◽  
Takenori Okubo ◽  
Yuta Otobe ◽  
Satoshi Kawakami ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-18
Author(s):  
Li Li ◽  
Da Wei ◽  
Junying Zhang ◽  
Rong Deng ◽  
Jinhai Tang ◽  
...  

Objective. Studies revealed an important role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in multiple cancers, including breast cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the role and function of miR-641 in breast cancer. Methods. The expression level of miR-641 in breast cancer cell lines (Hs-578T, MCF7, HCC1937, and MAD-MB-231) was determined by real-time PCR. Functional analyses, including CCK-8 assay, transwell assay, wound-healing assay, and apoptosis detection, were carried out to explore the roles of miRNA-641 in malignant behaviors of breast cancer. Luciferase report assay was used to investigate the regulatory association of miRNA-641 with its potential targets. Results. The expression levels of miR-641 were downregulated, while the expression levels of nuclear casein kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1 (NUCKS1) were increased in breast cancer cell lines. The in vitro results showed that miR-641 repressed proliferation and migration/invasion and promoted apoptosis of breast cancer cells. NUCKS1, a positive regulator of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases (PI3K)/protein-serine-threonine kinase (AKT) pathway, was confirmed as a direct target of miR-641. The of treatment of the PI3K agonist, 740Y-P, could abrogate the antioncogenic potentials of miR-641 in breast cancer cells. Conclusion. miR-641 functioned as a tumor suppressor through the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway via targeting NUCKS1 in breast cancer.


2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohammad Rafi Khezri ◽  
Reza Varzandeh ◽  
Morteza Ghasemnejad-Berenji

AbstractCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), is associated with a high mortality rate. The majority of deaths in this disease are caused by ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) followed by cytokine storm and coagulation complications. Although alterations in the level of the number of coagulation factors have been detected in samples from COVID-19 patients, the direct molecular mechanism which has been involved in this pathologic process has not been explored yet. The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is an intracellular pathway which plays a central role in cell survival. Also, in recent years the association between this pathway and coagulopathies has been well clarified. Therefore, based on the evidence on over-activity of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in SARS-CoV-2 infection, in the current review, the probable role of this cellular pathway as a therapeutic target for the prevention of coagulation complications in patients with COVID-19 is discussed.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Masahiro Tomioka ◽  
Moon Sun Jang ◽  
Yuichi Iino

AbstractPreviously, we reported that DAF-2c, an axonal insulin receptor isoform in Caenorhabditis elegans, acts in the ASER gustatory neuron to regulate taste avoidance learning, a process in which worms learn to avoid salt concentrations experienced during starvation. Here, we show that secretion of INS-1, an insulin-like peptide, after starvation conditioning is sufficient to drive taste avoidance via DAF-2c signaling. Starvation conditioning enhances the salt-triggered activity of AIA neurons, the main sites of INS-1 release, which potentially promotes feedback signaling to ASER to maintain DAF-2c activity during taste avoidance. Genetic studies suggest that DAF-2c–Akt signaling promotes high-salt avoidance via a decrease in PLCβ activity. On the other hand, the DAF-2c pathway promotes low-salt avoidance via PLCε and putative Akt phosphorylation sites on PLCε are essential for taste avoidance. Our findings imply that animals disperse from the location at which they experience starvation by controlling distinct PLC isozymes via DAF-2c.


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