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Author(s):  
Priyo Purnomo As’hab ◽  
Budi Anna Keliat ◽  
Ice Yulia Wardani

Background: The Worldwide resistance prevalence of the first-line TB drug, rifampicin (RR-TB), in 2017 was 7.4 per 100,000 population, and 82% of them experienced multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Indonesia is the top 20 country with an MDR-TB burden, and its prevalence is 8.8 per 100,000 population. MDR-TB requires a long-time treatment and has accompanying side effects: biological and psychosocial effects. However, efforts to overcome the psychosocial impacts have not been conducted. This study aims to determine the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, and treatment adherence in MDR-TB patients.Design and methods: This research employed a quasi-experimental design with a pre-test three post-tests using total sampling. The pre-test was conducted before the standard nursing intervention, post-test 1 was after the standard nursing intervention, post-test 2 was after ACT session 1, and post-test 3 was after ACT session 2. Data were collected by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), a Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI), and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS).Results: The standard nursing action and ACT reduce anxiety (p = 0.002), reduced depression (p = 0.0001), reduced suicidal ideation (p = 0.008), and increased treatment adherence (p = 0.0001).Conclusions: The standard nursing action and ACT reduce anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. They increase treatment adherence recommended for use in MDR-TB patients.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ling Wang ◽  
Jialan Li ◽  
Yuzhou Chen ◽  
Xuemei Chai ◽  
Yuman Zhang ◽  
...  

“Gaming motivation” is a useful concept to draw upon when considering inconsistencies in the effects of online gaming on psychosocial wellbeing. However, most prior studies that utilize it are cross-sectional and do not allow that individuals can be driven by multiple motives. The present study uses an individual-centered method to classify gaming motivation styles of male adolescents and longitudinally observes the relationship between gaming motivations and psychosocial outcomes. A total of 929 healthy, male, adolescent gamers were recruited in October 2019 and classified into “recreational” “achiever,” and “escaper” categories according to their baseline gaming motivations and self-esteem levels. Then, 1-year incidence rates of players and relative risks (RRs) of social withdrawal problems, anxiety/depression syndrome, and self-destructive/identity problems were assessed. Recreational players were found to have the lowest incidence of all the three psychosocial problems among the three categories, achievers only had a moderate risk of social withdrawal, compared to recreational players, while escapers showed a strong risk for social withdrawal, anxiety/depression, and self-destructive/identity problems, relative to recreational gamers. Overall, the different motivation subgroups were associated with different psychosocial problems. Both achievers and escapers were found to be maladaptive, but their psychosocial outcomes were different, a finding that provides further insight into the psychological mechanisms underlying these subgroups.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Francesc Valldeoriola ◽  
María José Catalán ◽  
Francisco Escamilla-Sevilla ◽  
Eric Freire ◽  
Jesús Olivares ◽  
...  

AbstractLevodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) has shown to be efficacious in motor and non-motor symptoms (NMS). Nevertheless, studies with patient Quality of Life (QoL) as a primary endpoint are scarce. To assess the effect of LCIG on Advanced Parkinson’s Disease (APD) patients QoL. Secondarily, the impact on motor symptoms and NMS, emotional well-being, treatment satisfaction, and caregiver QoL, stress, disease burden, anxiety, depression, and work impairment were also investigated. In this prospective, 6-month multicenter postmarketing observational study, LCIG was administered to 59 patients with APD. Endpoints were assessed using validated scales and questionnaires. LCIG significantly improved patient QoL (PDQ-39 mean change ± standard deviation from baseline, −12.8 ± 14.6; P < 0.0001), motor symptoms (UPDRS-III in “On,” −6.5 ± 11.8; P = 0.0002), NMS (NMSS, −35.7 ± 31.1; P < 0.0001), mood (Norris/Bond-Lader VAS, −6.6 ± 21.1; P = 0.0297), fatigue (PFS-16, −0.6 ± 1.0; P = 0.0003), depression (BDI-II, −5.1 ± 9.4; P = 0.0002), anxiety (BAI, −6.2 ± 9.6; P < 0.0001), and patient treatment satisfaction (SATMED-Q, 16.1 ± 16.8; P < 0.0001). There were significant correlations between the change from baseline to 6 months between PDQ-39 and UPDRS-IV, NMSS, BAI, BDI-II, AS, and PFS-16 scores, and Norris/Bond-Lader alertness/sedation factor. Caregiver anxiety also improved (Goldberg anxiety scale, −1.1 ± 1.0; P = 0.0234), but the clinical relevance of this finding is questionable. The serious adverse events reported were similar to those previously described for LCIG. In patients with APD, LCIG improves QoL, motor symptoms and NMS, emotional well-being, and satisfaction with the treatment. Improvement in patient QoL is associated with improvements in motor complications, NMS, anxiety, depression, apathy and fatigue. Improvements in patients’ QoL does not correspond with improvements in caregivers’ QoL or burden.


PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (11) ◽  
pp. e0259906
Author(s):  
Fisha Alebel GebreEyesus ◽  
Tadesse Tsehay Tarekegn ◽  
Baye Tsegaye Amlak ◽  
Bisrat Zeleke Shiferaw ◽  
Mamo Solomon Emeria ◽  
...  

Introduction The provision of quality health care during the COVID-19 pandemic depends largely on the health of health care providers. However, healthcare providers as the frontline caregivers dealing with infected patients, are more vulnerable to mental health problems. Despite this fact, there is scarce information regarding the mental health impact of COVID-19 among frontline health care providers in South-West Ethiopia. Objective This study aimed to determine the levels and predictors of anxiety, depression, and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic among frontline healthcare providers in Gurage zonal public hospitals, Southwest Ethiopia, 2020. Methods An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 322 health care providers from November 10–25, 2020 in Gurage zonal health institutions. A simple random sampling technique was used to select the study participants. A pretested self -administered structured questionnaire was used as a data collection technique. The data were entered into the Epi-data version 3.01 and exported to SPSS version 25.0 for analysis. Both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (chi-square tests) were presented Bivariable and Multivariable logistic regression analyses were made to identify variables having a significant association with the dependent variables. Results The results of this study had shown that the overall prevalence of anxiety, depression and stress among health care providers during the COVID-19 pandemic was 36%, [95% CI = (30.7%- 41.3%)], 25.8% [95% CI = (21.1%- 30.4%)] and 31.4% [95% CI = (26.4%- 36.0%)] respectively. Age, Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR = 7.9], Educational status, [AOR = 3.2], low monthly income [AOR = 1.87], and presence of infected family members [AOR = 3.3] were statistically associated with anxiety. Besides this, gender, [AOR = 1.9], masters [AOR = 10.8], and degree holder [AOR = 2.2], living with spouse [AOR = 5.8], and family [AOR = 3.9], being pharmacists [AOR = 4.5], and physician [AOR = (0.19)], were found to be statistically significant predictors of depression among health care providers. Our study finding also showed that working at general [AOR = 4.8], and referral hospitals [AOR = 3.2], and low monthly income [AOR = 2.3] were found to be statistically significant predictors of stress among health care providers. Conclusion Based on our finding significant numbers of healthcare providers were suffered from anxiety, depression, and stress during the COVID-19 outbreak. So, the Government and other stakeholders should be involved and closely work and monitor the mental wellbeing of health care providers.


Author(s):  
Allen A. Mehr ◽  
Karl J. Kreder ◽  
Susan K. Lutgendorf ◽  
Patrick Ten Eyck ◽  
Emma S. Greimann ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 19-26
Author(s):  
Türev Demirtaş ◽  
Zekeriya Temircan

Cancer of the kidney is one of the 10 most common cancers found globally. Overall, it is the fourth most common cancer in men and the eighth most common cancer in women. Many kidney cancer patients experience psychologic problems and reactions. The present study examined relationship between anxiety, depression, and perceived stress symptoms in kidney cancer patients. Cross-sectional data were obtained from the patients diagnosed with kidney cancer. All participants completed sociodemographic form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression form, and Per-ceived Stress Scale. Statistical analysis was exercised using the Student’s t-test, Chi-squared test (χ2), Fischer’s exact test, ANOVA, Mann–Whitney U test, and Kruskal–Wallis one-way variance analysis. A total of 250 patients participated in the study. The mean age was 57.4 years (SD 6.4, range = 25–76 years). The majority of patients were males (73%) and married (218). Anxiety symptoms were determined in 91.2% patients, depression symptoms in 87.2% patients, and perceived stress symptoms in 93.6% patients. The mean scores of Hospital Depression and Anxiety Scale (HADS)-Anxiety, HADS-Depression, and HADS-Perceived Stress were significantly different between age (P < 0.05), gender (P < 0.05), and income groups (P < 0.001). Kidney cancer patients showed poorer psychologic health. The overall levels of anxiety, depression, and perceived stress symptoms were higher among the studied kidney cancer patients. Findings of the current study could improve both psychologic well-being of patients and health-related quality of life.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ilaria Durosini ◽  
Stefano Triberti ◽  
Valeria Sebri ◽  
Alice Viola Giudice ◽  
Paolo Guiddi ◽  
...  

In the context of sports-based interventions for improving health and quality of life in chronic patients, participants could develop meaningful social relationships that affect their well-being as much as intervention activities. In this study, 80 female cancer survivors participated in a running-based group intervention (2 sessions/week; 1.5 h), while 51 acted as controls. The intervention lasted approximately 5 months. Unfortunately, the length of the intervention was reduced and sport activities were altered by the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown mid-intervention, while the shared therapy sessions continued online. This possibly altered the results, as anxiety, depression, and physical aspects did not show significant differences between the experimental and control groups after the intervention. Participants reported positive comments on the experience as a whole, especially regarding the positive influence of the newly developed social connections. This was corroborated by significant correlations between group perceived cohesion and anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, and positive experience with the group psychological support. Overall, it is possible to suggest that in the program an important role was played by social connections and support, peer influence and the group experience, preserving positive experiential qualities of the intervention even if it was altered by external circumstances.


Author(s):  
Moli Jain ◽  
Vishnu Vardhan ◽  
Vaishnavi Yadav ◽  
Pallavi Harjpal

Background: Annually, more than a lakh CABG procedure is performed in India aiming to restore blood circulation to heart muscles. But psychological factors like anxiety and depression among such patients pre and post-operatively are often overlooked. Our study aims to incorporate rehabilitation for psychological factors along with Cardiac rehabilitation using the Buteyko breathing technique among such population. Methods: Total 44 Post CABG patients after enrolment in the study will be divided into 2 groups to evaluate anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy, Conventional group (n=22) which receive in-hospital Cardiac rehabilitation for 2 weeks whereas the other group, the Experimental group (n=22) will receive In-hospital Cardiac rehabilitation along with Buteyko Breathing training. Discussion: Anchoring rehabilitation for psychological consequences in patients with CABG surgery will play a major role in fostering recovery, decrease the cost of Medicare and ameliorate symptoms. This will pave a path to incorporate the Buteyko breathing technique along with Cardiac rehabilitation as a holistic approach for CABG patients.


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