pulmonary fibroblast
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Ashley Rose Rackow ◽  
Jennifer L Judge ◽  
Collynn F Woller ◽  
Patricia J. Sime ◽  
Robert Matthew Kottmann

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic interstitial lung disease. The pathogenesis of IPF is not completely understood. However, numerous genes are associated with the development and progression of pulmonary fibrosis, indicating there is a significant genetic component to the pathogenesis of IPF. Epigenetic influences on the development of human disease, including pulmonary fibrosis, remain to be fully elucidated. In this paper we identify miR-338-3p as a microRNA severely downregulated in the lungs of patients with pulmonary fibrosis and in experimental models of pulmonary fibrosis. Treatment of primary human lung fibroblasts with miR-338-3p inhibits myofibroblast differentiation and matrix protein production. Published and proposed targets of miR-338-3p such as TGFβ receptor 1, MEK/ERK 1/2, Cdk4 and Cyclin D are also not responsible for the regulation of pulmonary fibroblast behavior by miR-338-3p. miR-338-3p inhibits myofibroblast differentiation by preventing TGFβ-mediated downregulation of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a known anti-fibrotic mediator.

2020 ◽  
Vol 52 (9) ◽  
pp. 988-994 ◽  
Cheng Che Chiang ◽  
Chin-Ming Chen ◽  
Jau Ling Suen ◽  
Hsiang Han Su ◽  
Chong Chao Hsieh ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 63 (2) ◽  
pp. 255-265
Thi K. Tran-Nguyen ◽  
Jianmin Xue ◽  
Carol Feghali-Bostwick ◽  
Frank C. Sciurba ◽  
Daniel J. Kass ◽  

2020 ◽  
Hammad Ghafoor ◽  
Han Chu ◽  
Jie Huang ◽  
Menglin Chen ◽  
Zhangyan Wang ◽  

Abstract Background Pulmonary fibrosis is the sequela of many pulmonary diseases, such as pneumoconiosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The principal characteristics of pulmonary fibrosis comprise myofibroblast proliferation, alveolar damage and deposition of extracellular matrix components, which causes abnormal lung structure remodeling and an irreversible decline in lung function; however, the detailed mechanisms remain unclear. The current study focused on the role of ZC3H4, a new member of the zinc finger protein family, in SiO2-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Methods The expression of ZC3H4 and fibroblast activation markers (COL1A1, COL3A1 and ACTA1) was measured by western blotting and immunofluorescence staining after SiO2 exposure (50 µg/cm2). The functional change in fibroblasts was studied with a scratch assay and a 3D migration assay. The CRISPR/Cas9 system was used to explore the regulatory mechanisms of ZC3H4 in pulmonary fibroblast cells. Results The expression levels of ZC3H4 and sigmar1 (a key regulator of ER stress) were increased in pulmonary fibroblast cells and were associated with fibroblast activation, as indicated by the increase in COL1A1, COL3A1 and ACTA1, as well as the migration ability. The SiO2-enhanced fibroblast activation was attenuated by specific knockdown of ZC3H4 and inhibition of ER stress, demonstrating that ZC3H4 activated fibroblasts via the sigmar1/ER stress pathway. Interestingly, an ER stress blockade also inhibited ZC3H4 expression, indicating the positive feedback regulatory mechanism of ER stress on ZC3H4. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that ZC3H4 and sigmar1 might act as novel therapeutic targets for silicosis, providing a reference for further pulmonary fibrosis research.

L. Gagnon ◽  
M. Leduc ◽  
M.J. Nsaibia ◽  
J. Ouboudinar ◽  
C. Shimbori ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 34 (S1) ◽  
pp. 1-1
Chia-Ping Tien ◽  
Yu-Chan Chang ◽  
Shih-Chieh Hung ◽  
Michael Hsiao

2020 ◽  
Vol 24 (6) ◽  
pp. 3745-3750 ◽  
Geting Wu ◽  
Bin Xie ◽  
Can Lu ◽  
Chen Chen ◽  
Jianhua Zhou ◽  

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