High Risk Clinic
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Author(s):  
Pascale Guitera ◽  
Scott W. Menzies ◽  
Elliot Coates ◽  
Anthony Azzi ◽  
Pablo Fernandez-Penas ◽  
...  

2020 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Amy Schumer ◽  
Stephen Contag

Abstract Introduction Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a genetic disorder that can cause fatal tachyarrhythmias brought on by physical or emotional stress. There is little reported in the literature regarding management of CPVT in pregnancy much less during labor. Case presentation A gravida 2, para 1 presented to our high-risk clinic at 15 weeks gestation with known CPVT. The Caucasian female patient had been diagnosed after experiencing a cardiac arrest following a motor vehicle accident and found to have a pathogenic cardiac ryanodine receptor mutation. An implantable cardioverter defibrillator was placed at that time. Her pregnancy was uncomplicated, and she was medically managed with metoprolol, flecainide, and verapamil. Her labor course and successful vaginal delivery were uncomplicated and involved a multidisciplinary team comprising specialists in electrophysiology, maternal fetal medicine, anesthesiology, general obstetrics, lactation, and neonatology. Conclusions CPVT is likely underdiagnosed and, given that cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death in pregnancy, it is important to bring further awareness to the diagnosis and management of this inherited arrhythmia syndrome in pregnancy.


2020 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ryan Wai Kheong Lee ◽  
See Ling Loy ◽  
Liying Yang ◽  
Jerry Kok Yen Chan ◽  
Lay Kok Tan

Abstract Background COVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitudes and precaution practices of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore. Methods An online cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 awareness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore was conducted. An internet link was provided to complete an online electronic survey on Google platform using a quick response (QR) code on mobile devices. The online survey consists of 34 questions that were categorized into 4 main sections, namely 1) social demographics 2) attitude on safe distancing measures 3) precaution practices and 4) perceptions of COVID-19. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to examine women’s precaution practices among six independent socio-demographic variables, including age, ethnicity, education, front-line jobs, history of miscarriage and type of antenatal clinic (general, high risk). Results A total of 167 survey responses were obtained over 8 weeks from April to June 2020. The majority of women were aged ≤35 years (76%, n = 127), were of Chinese ethnicity (55%, n = 91), attained tertiary education (62%, n = 104) and were not working as frontline staff (70%). Using multiple linear regression models, Malay ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.04, 0.44) was associated with higher frequency of practicing social distancing. Malay women (β 0.48; 95% CI 0.16, 0.80) and those who worked as frontline staff (β 0.28; 95% CI 0.01, 0.56) sanitized their hands at higher frequencies. Age of ≥36 years (vs. ≤30 years, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.01, 0.46), Malay (vs. Chinese, β 0.27; 95% CI 0.06, 0.48) and Indian ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.41; 95% CI 0.02, 0.80), and attendance at high-risk clinic (vs. general clinic, β 0.20; 95% CI 0.01, 0.39) were associated with higher frequency of staying-at-home. Conclusion Social demographical factors including age > 36 years old, Malay ethnicity, employment in front line jobs and attendance at high-risk clinics are likely to influence the attitudes and precaution practices among pregnant women towards COVID-19 in Singapore. Knowledge gained from our cross-sectional online survey can better guide clinicians to communicate better with pregnant women. Hence, it is important for clinicians to render appropriate counselling and focused clarification on the effect of COVID-19 among pregnant women for psychological support and mental well being.


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
RYAN WAI KHEONG LEE ◽  
LOY SEE LING ◽  
YANG LIYING ◽  
JERRY CHAN KOK YEN ◽  
TAN LAY KOK

Abstract BackgroundCOVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitudes and precaution practices of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore.Methods An online cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 awareness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore was conducted. An internet link was provided to complete an online electronic survey on Google platform using a quick response (QR) code on mobile devices. The online survey consists of 34 questions that were categorized into 4 main sections, namely 1) social demographics 2) attitude on safe distancing measures 3) precaution practices and 4) perceptions of COVID-19. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to examine women’s precaution practices among six independent socio-demographic variables, including age, ethnicity , education , front-line jobs, history of miscarriage and type of antenatal clinic (general , high risk).ResultsA total of 167 survey responses were obtained over eight weeks from April to June 2020. The majority of women were aged ≤35 years (76%, n=127), were of Chinese ethnicity (55%, n=91), attained tertiary education (62%, n=104) and were not working as frontline staff (70%). Using multiple linear regression models, Malay ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.04, 0.44) was associated with higher frequency of practicing social distancing. Malay women (β 0.48; 95% CI 0.16, 0.80) and those who worked as frontline staff (β 0.28; 95% CI 0.01, 0.56) sanitized their hands at higher frequencies. Age of ≥36 years (vs. ≤30 years, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.01, 0.46), Malay (vs. Chinese, β 0.27; 95% CI 0.06, 0.48) and Indian ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.41; 95% CI 0.02, 0.80), and attendance at high-risk clinic (vs. general clinic, β 0.20; 95% CI 0.01, 0.39) were associated with higher frequency of staying-at-home.ConclusionSocial demographical factors including age > 36 years old, Malay ethnicity, employment in front line jobs and attendance at high-risk clinics are likely to influence the attitudes and precaution practices among pregnant women towards COVID-19 in Singapore. Knowledge gained from our cross-sectional online survey can better guide clinicians to communicate better with pregnant women. Hence, it is important for clinicians to render appropriate counselling and focused clarification on the effect of COVID-19 among pregnant women for psychological support and mental wellbeing.


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
RYAN WAI KHEONG LEE ◽  
LOY SEE LING ◽  
YANG LIYING ◽  
JERRY CHAN KOK YEN ◽  
TAN LAY KOK

Abstract BackgroundCOVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitudes and precaution practices of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore.Methods An online cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 awareness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore was conducted. An internet link was provided to complete an online electronic survey on Google platform using a quick response (QR) code on mobile devices. The online survey consists of 34 questions that were categorized into 4 main sections, namely 1) social demographics 2) attitude on safe distancing measures 3) precaution practices and 4) perceptions of COVID-19. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to examine women’s precaution practices among six independent socio-demographic variables, including age, ethnicity , education , front-line jobs, history of miscarriage and type of antenatal clinic (general , high risk).ResultsA total of 167 survey responses were obtained over eight weeks from April to June 2020. The majority of women were aged ≤35 years (76%, n=127), were of Chinese ethnicity (55%, n=91), attained tertiary education (62%, n=104) and were not working as frontline staff (70%). Using multiple linear regression models, Malay ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.04, 0.44) was associated with higher frequency of practicing social distancing. Malay women (β 0.48; 95% CI 0.16, 0.80) and those who worked as frontline staff (β 0.28; 95% CI 0.01, 0.56) sanitized their hands at higher frequencies. Age of ≥36 years (vs. ≤30 years, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.01, 0.46), Malay (vs. Chinese, β 0.27; 95% CI 0.06, 0.48) and Indian ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.41; 95% CI 0.02, 0.80), and attendance at high-risk clinic (vs. general clinic, β 0.20; 95% CI 0.01, 0.39) were associated with higher frequency of staying-at-home.ConclusionSocial demographical factors including age > 36 years old, Malay ethnicity, employment in front line jobs and attendance at high-risk clinics are likely to influence the attitudes and precaution practices among pregnant women towards COVID-19 in Singapore. Knowledge gained from our cross-sectional online survey can better guide clinicians to communicate better with pregnant women. Hence, it is important for clinicians to render appropriate counselling and focused clarification on the effect of COVID-19 among pregnant women for psychological support and mental wellbeing.


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
ryan wai kheong lee ◽  
loy see ling ◽  
yang liying ◽  
jerry kok yen chan ◽  
Tan Lay Kok

Abstract Background COVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitude and perceptions of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore. Methods An online cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 awareness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore was conducted. An internet link was provided to complete an online electronic survey on Google platform using a quick response (QR) code on mobile devices. The online survey consists of 34 questions that were categorized into 4 main sections, namely 1) social demographics 2) attitude on safe distancing measures 3) precaution practices and 4) perceptions of COVID-19. Results A total of 167 survey responses were obtained over eight weeks from April to June 2020. The majority of women were aged ≤35 years (76%, n=127), were of Chinese ethnicity (55%, n=91), attained tertiary education (62%, n=104) and were not working as frontline staff (70%). Using multiple linear regression models, Malay ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.04, 0.44) was associated with higher frequency of practicing social distancing. Malay women (β 0.48; 95% CI 0.16, 0.80) and those who worked as frontline staff (β 0.28; 95% CI 0.01, 0.56) sanitized their hands at higher frequencies. Age of ≥36 years (vs. ≤30 years, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.01, 0.46), Malay (vs. Chinese, β 0.27; 95% CI 0.06, 0.48) and Indian ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.41; 95% CI 0.02, 0.80), and attendance at high-risk clinic (vs. general clinic, β 0.20; 95% CI 0.01, 0.39) were associated with higher frequency of staying-at-home.Conclusion It is important for clinicians to render appropriate counselling and focused clarification on the effect of COVID-19 among pregnant women for psychological support and mental wellbeing.


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ryan Wai Kheong Lee ◽  
Loy See Ling ◽  
Yang Liying ◽  
Jerry Chan Kok Yen ◽  
Tan Lay Kok

Abstract Background COVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitude and perceptions of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore. Methods An online cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 awareness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore was conducted. An internet link was provided to complete an online electronic survey on Google platform using a quick response (QR) code on mobile devices. The online survey consists of 34 questions that were categorized into 4 main sections, namely 1) social demographics 2) attitude on safe distancing measures 3) precaution practices and 4) perceptions of COVID-19. Results A total of 167 survey responses were obtained over eight weeks from April to June 2020. The majority of women were aged ≤35 years (76%, n=127), were of Chinese ethnicity (55%, n=91), attained tertiary education (62%, n=104) and were not working as frontline staff (70%). Using multiple linear regression models, Malay ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.04, 0.44) was associated with higher frequency of practicing social distancing. Malay women (β 0.48; 95% CI 0.16, 0.80) and those who worked as frontline staff (β 0.28; 95% CI 0.01, 0.56) sanitized their hands at higher frequencies. Age of ≥36 years (vs. ≤30 years, β 0.24; 95% CI 0.01, 0.46), Malay (vs. Chinese, β 0.27; 95% CI 0.06, 0.48) and Indian ethnicity (vs. Chinese, β 0.41; 95% CI 0.02, 0.80), and attendance at high-risk clinic (vs. general clinic, β 0.20; 95% CI 0.01, 0.39) were associated with higher frequency of staying-at-home.Conclusion It is important for clinicians to render appropriate counselling and focused clarification on the effect of COVID-19 among pregnant women for psychological support and mental wellbeing.


BMJ Open ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. e033277
Author(s):  
Clarabelle T Pham ◽  
Catherine L Gibb ◽  
Robert A Fitridge ◽  
Jon Karnon ◽  
Elizabeth Hoon

ObjectivePatients with comorbidities can be referred to a physician-led high-risk clinic for medical optimisation prior to elective surgery at the discretion of the surgical consultant, but the factors that influence this referral are not well understood. The aims of this study were to understand the factors that influence a surgeon’s decision to refer a patient to the clinic, and how the clinic impacts on the management of complex patients.DesignQualitative study using theoretical thematic analysis to analyse transcribed semi-structured interviews.SettingInterviews were held in either the surgical consultant’s private office or a quiet office/room in the hospital ward.ParticipantsSeven surgical consultants who were eligible to refer patients to the clinic.ResultsWhen discussing the factors that influence a referral to the clinic, all participants initially described the optimisation of comorbidities and would then discuss with examples the challenges with managing complex patients and communicating the risks involved with having surgery. When discussing the role of the clinic, two related subthemes were dominant and focused on the management of risk in complex patients. The participants valued the involvement of the clinic in the decision-making and communication of risks to the patient.ConclusionsThe integration of the high-risk clinic in this study appears to offer additional value in supporting the decision-making process for the surgical team and patient beyond the clinical outcomes. The factors that influence a surgeon’s decision to refer a patient to the clinic appear to be driven by the aim to manage the uncertainty and risk to the patient regarding surgery and it was seen as a strategy for managing difficult and complex cases.


2019 ◽  
Vol 37 (15_suppl) ◽  
pp. 1512-1512
Author(s):  
Maria Fernanda Montiel ◽  
Pompeyo Rafael Quesada ◽  
Margaret Dunseith ◽  
Irina Cazacu ◽  
Alexandra Luzuriaga ◽  
...  

1512 Background: Genetic evolution studies have suggested the existence of a window of opportunity to improve clinical outcomes by intercepting pre-malignant lesions. This study reports the outcomes of Pancreatic Cancer (PC) surveillance in a high risk (HR) cohort followed at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDA) between 2014 and 2018. Methods: The MDA PC High-Risk Clinic (MDA-PCHRC) performs surveillance based on risk stratification. This study reports 54 months of surveillance. The patients were stratified based on PC family history, personal history of other cancers, and germline mutations ( BRCA1/2, PALB2, STK11, CDKN2A, TP53) with high susceptibility to PC. Low risk patients were not offered surveillance while patients in the moderate or high-risk category were enrolled into a program which included annual screening with blood markers (CA 19-9, fasting glucose, HbA1C, amylase, and lipase) and magnetic resonance imaging/ cholangiopancreatography (MRI/MRCP). High risk patients also had a baseline endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). We evaluated the yield of premalignant lesions detection and our main goal was to detect predictive factors of focal pancreatic lesions and to validate our risk stratification strategy. Results: A total of 206 patients have been referred to our clinic during this time period. From this group, 126 (61%) patients completed at least one cycle of baseline surveillance, for the purposes of the analysis we only focus in the high risk (n=71) and moderate risk group (n=38). We have identified de novo pancreatic focal lesions in 22 patients, 20 from the high risk group (28%) and 2 from the moderate group (5%). Those lesions included 7 patients with simple cysts, 9 with side-branch IPMN, 3 with main duct IPMN, 1 with pseudocyst, 1 with mucinous cyst and 1 with a solid nodule (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor). We compared demographic information (age, gender, and ethnicity) as well as family and personal medical history between patients with focal pancreatic lesions vs negative or diffuse findings. We found that new onset diabetes was significantly correlated with presence of focal pancreatic lesions 5 (22%) of patients with focal lesions versus patients without non focal lesion 2 (2%) ( P=0.003). Conclusions: Screening at the MDA-PCHRC detect pancreatic premalignant lesions in 20% of the patients in our cohort. We validated our risk stratification methodology and found that new-onset diabetes is predictive of pancreatic lesions, thus suggesting that this factor could be an important biomarker of focal lesions in a HR population.


2018 ◽  
Vol 113 (Supplement) ◽  
pp. S14-S15
Author(s):  
Gina Wideroff ◽  
Daniel A. Sussman ◽  
Peter J. Hosein ◽  
Rachel Silva-Smith ◽  
Talia Donenberg

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