Linear Regression
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2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Moran Dong ◽  
Rui Qian ◽  
Jiaqi Wang ◽  
Jingjie Fan ◽  
Yufeng Ye ◽  

Abstract Background The effects of COVID-19 lockdown measures on maternal and fetal health remain unclear. We examined the associations of COVID-19 lockdown with gestational length and preterm birth (PTB) in a Chinese population. Methods We obtained medical records of 595,396 singleton live infants born between 2015 and 2020 in 5 cities in Guangdong Province, South China. The exposed group (N = 101,900) included women who experienced the COVID-19 Level I lockdown (1/23–2/24/2020) during pregnancy, while the unexposed group (N = 493,496) included women who were pregnant during the same calendar months in 2015–2019. Cumulative exposure was calculated based on days exposed to different levels of emergency responses with different weighting. Generalized linear regression models were applied to estimate the associations of lockdown exposure with gestational length and risk of PTB (< 37 weeks). Results The exposed group had a shorter mean gestational length than the unexposed group (38.66 vs 38.74 weeks: adjusted β = − 0.06 week [95%CI, − 0.07, − 0.05 week]). The exposed group also had a higher risk of PTB (5.7% vs 5.3%; adjusted OR = 1.08 [95%CI, 1.05, 1.11]). These associations seemed to be stronger when exposure occurred before or during the 23rd gestational week (GW) than during or after the 24th GW. Similarly, higher cumulative lockdown exposure was associated with a shorter gestational length and a higher risk of PTB. Conclusions The COVID-19 lockdown measures were associated with a slightly shorter gestational length and a moderately higher risk of PTB. Early and middle pregnancy periods may be a more susceptible exposure window.

2021 ◽  
Vol 59 (2) ◽  
pp. 173-184
D. S. PAI ◽  

In this study teleconnections between monthly northern hemisphere lower stratospheric geopotential heights (100, 50, 30 hPa) and seasonal Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR) have been established through the correlation analysis. Stable and consistent precursory signals for the ensuing monsoon were identified from the significant teleconnections. The usefulness of the precursory signals for the prediction of ISMR was also tested using a simple multiple linear regression model. These precursory signals show a good potential in the long range prediction scheme of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 065-074
Ridwan Olajide Jimoh ◽  
Funke Bosede Olotu ◽  
Sylvester Chukwujekwu Obiakor ◽  
Kingsley Chibuzor Eneh ◽  
Ridwan Adeniyi Alade ◽  

A survey carried out on conventional or traditional method of sieving wet grains showed that the method consumes time, energy, has low output and efficiency and is also hazardous to health due to low level of hygiene involved. A motorized grain gruel machine was developed at the National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM), Ilorin Nigeria. The machine consists of four major units which are hopper, seiver, separator and the discharge unit. The machine’s performance was evaluated at different water volumes (16.5, 18.5 and 20.5 liters) and at three different operating speeds namely 65.3 rpm, 115.0 rpm and 126.0 rpm. The parameters evaluated are; sieving efficiency, through put and output capacity. The data were analyzed using the New Duncan multiple range test (Post Hoc Test) method and linear regression model was used to establish the relationship between the independent variables with the dependent variable, which was optimized using pulp in python version 2.9 frame work. Results show that the machine performed higher at 20.5litres and 126 rpm to a maximum sieving efficiency of 85.08% and 86.48% respectively, but was optimized to the range of 88.35-92.5% in sieving efficiency and 19.42-23.42kg/hr in output capacity. Also the analysis showed that water volume used had more significant effect on the efficiency and other variables such as the throughput and the output capacity respectively, than the operation speed. It was concluded from the results that the machine saved time and energy, reduced material wastage and hazards and therefore is more efficient than the conventional method. It is recommended that further evaluations should be carried out on the machine using a wider variety and species of grains samples.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Berit Sunde ◽  
Mats Lindblad ◽  
Marlene Malmström ◽  
Jakob Hedberg ◽  
Pernilla Lagergren ◽  

Abstract Background Population-based patient reported outcome data in oesophageal cancer are rare. The main purpose of this study was to describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) 1 year after the diagnosis of oesophageal cancer, comparing subgroups of curatively and palliatively managed patients. Methods This is a nationwide population-based cohort study, based on the Swedish National Registry for Oesophageal and Gastric Cancer (NREV) with prospectively registered data, including HRQOL instruments from the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer including the core and disease specific questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OG25). Patients diagnosed with oesophageal cancer between 2009 and 2016 and with complete HRQOL data at 1 year follow-up were included. HRQOL of included patients was compared to a reference population matched by age and gender to to a previous cohort of unselected Swedish oesophageal cancer patients. Linear regression was performed to calculate mean scores with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and adjusted linear regression analysis was used to calculate mean score differences (MD) with 95% CI. Results A total of 1156 patients were included. Functions and global health/quality of life were lower in both the curative and palliative cohorts compared to the reference population. Both curatively and palliatively managed patients reported a severe symptom burden compared to the reference population. Patients who underwent surgery reported more problems with diarrhoea compared to those treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) (MD -14; 95% CI − 20 to − 8). Dysphagia was more common in patiens treated with dCRT compared to surgically treated patients (MD 11; 95% CI 4 to 18). Those with palliative intent due to advanced tumour stage reported more problems with dysphagia compared to those with palliative intent due to frailty (MD -18; 95% CI − 33 to − 3). Conclusions One year after diagnosis both curative and palliative intent patients reported low function scores and severe symptoms. Dysphagia, choking, and other eating related problems were more pronounced in palliatively managed patients and in the curative intent patients treated with dCRT.

2021 ◽  
Vol 57 (3) ◽  
pp. 451-458

Lkkj & dksydkrk ¼vfyiqj½ ds U;wure rkieku dk okLrfod iwokZuqeku 12 ?kaVs iwoZ tkjh djus ds mn~ns’; ls ik¡p izkpyksa ij vk/kkfjr cgq jSf[kd lekJ;.k ekWMy fodflr fd;k x;k gS A blds iwoZ lwpdksa dk p;u vfyiqj os/k’kkyk ls izkIr lrg vk¡dM+ksa rFkk ekSle dk;kZy; dksydkrk ds fuEu Lrj ds iou vk¡dM+ksa ds vk/kkj ij fd;k x;k gS A ;g ekWMy 237 fnuksa ds ¼o"kZ 1997&2000 dh vof/k ds tuojh ,oa Qjojh ekg ds½ vk¡dM+ksa ds uewuksa rFkk dkQh yach vof/k ¼o"kZ 1988&2004½ ds U;wure rkieku ds vk¡dM+ksa es fLFkjrk dh tk¡p ds vk/kkj ij fodflr fd;k x;k gS A bl ekWMy dh tk¡p 178 fnuksa ds vk¡dM+ksa ds Lora= uewus ds vk/kkj ij dh xbZ gS A bl ekWMy dh {kerk dh tk¡p lkaf[;dh; vk¡dM+ksa ds vk/kkj ij dh xbZ gS vkSj bls ldkjkRed ik;k x;k gSA bl ekWMy dk mi;ksx ekSle iwokZuqekudRrkZ }kjk U;wure rkieku ds iwokZuqeku dk vkdyu djus ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj ;fn ckny rFkk iou dh xfr ds :[k esa ckn esa ifjorZu laHkkfor gks rks mlesa lq/kkj fd;k tk ldrk gS A  Five parameter multiple linear regression model for objective forecasting of minimum temperature of Kolkata (Alipore) with 12 hours lead period has been developed. The predictors are chosen from the available surface data of Alipore observatory and low level wind data of M. O. Kolkata. Model has been developed from data sample comprising of 237 days (in January and February, period: 1997 – 2000) after stationarity test of minimum temperature data of much longer period (1988–2004). The model is tested with independent sample of 178 days. Efficiencies of the model have been tested with statistical skill score and found to be positive. The model can be used by the forecaster for assessing prediction minimum temperature and modify if cloud cover and wind flow pattern are expected to change subsequently.  

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (12) ◽  
Bunyamin Bunyamin ◽  
Dwi Nita Aryani ◽  
Imama Zuchroh ◽  
Suko Raharjo

This research investigates the partial and simultaneous the influence of leverage, profitability, credit rating on risk disclosure. This research involved thirteen public banks on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2014-2019. Risk disclosure is measured by counting risk keywords in each annual report. The panel data analysis was employed to test the effect of Leverage (X1), Profitability (X2), and Credit Rating (X3) on Risk Disclosure (Y). Hypotheses testing used multiple linear regression or OLS (Ordinary Least Square). The finding indicates that Leverage and Credit Rating do not influence Risk Disclosure. Leverage, Profitability, and Credit Rating simultaneously influence Risk Disclosure. 

2021 ◽  
pp. 002203452110493
Z. Qin ◽  
C. Zhou ◽  
Y. Zhu ◽  
Y. Wang ◽  
H. Cao ◽  

Tooth extraction is one of the most common causes of dental anxiety and pain, leading to the elevation of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). Such effects may be exaggerated and cause life-threatening accidents in patients with hypertension. Therefore, the pain and anxiety management of these patients is imperative. Virtual reality (VR) has been demonstrated to be a distraction method to relieve anxiety and pain in clinical operations. Thus, we hypothesized that VR can control the elevation of BP and HR in patients with hypertension. In this study, 96 eligible patients with controlled hypertension who needed tooth extraction were randomized to the VR or standard care group by stratified randomization of anxiety grade and gender. Their BP and HR were dynamically monitored. The corresponding systolic and diastolic BP and HR values were selected when systolic BP was at the highest point of the process. BP was converted into mean arterial pressure (MAP) for comparison per the following formula: MAP = (systolic BP + 2 × diastolic BP)/3. Statistical analyses were by intention to treat and conducted in SPSS. Nonparametric rank sum tests were used to compare the difference of ΔMAP and ΔHR between the VR and standard care groups. Multivariate linear regression was applied to evaluate the effect of VR on ΔMAP and ΔHR. The results showed that the VR technique significantly decreased the elevation of MAP ( P < 0.001) and HR ( P < 0.001), and this effect was found even after adjusting for baseline characteristics and additional surgical procedures (ΔMAP, P < 0.001, R2 = 0.276; ΔHR, P < 0.001, R2 = 0.152). VR did not increase the incidence of adverse events ( P = 0.677). In conclusion, the VR technique was effective in controlling BP and HR within an acceptable range and can help manage BP and HR during tooth extraction for patients with hypertension (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR2100042132).

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Vilmar Antonio Gonçalves Tondolo ◽  
Ely Laureano Paiva ◽  
Rosana da Rosa Portella Tondolo ◽  
Juliana Bonomi Santos

PurposeThis paper aims to investigate how the sustainable orientation (SO) of companies and the strategic importance of components strategic importance may affect the decision to purchase remanufactured items.Design/methodology/approachThis study employed a 2 × 2 full-factorial (combining between and within-subjects), scenario-based, role-playing experiment. Subjects in the study were US managers familiar with purchasing/supply chain topics. The hypotheses were tested using linear regression models.FindingsThe findings suggest that before becoming aware of any social benefits, a company's SO directly affects purchasing decisions, especially when the component is strategic. Perceptional aspects also play a significant role.Research limitations/implicationsThis study may help managers develop strategies for adopting the use of remanufactured components. New studies can benefit from the findings by focusing on how awareness of social benefits may increase the likelihood of using remanufactured components.Originality/valueThe findings suggest that before becoming aware of any social benefits, a company's SO directly affects purchasing decisions, especially when the component is strategic. Perceptional aspects also play a significant role.

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