Classification of epileptic seizures from electroencephalogram (EEG) data using bidirectional short-term memory (Bi-LSTM) network architecture

2022 ◽  
Vol 73 ◽  
pp. 103462
Erdem Tuncer ◽  
Emine Doğru Bolat
2020 ◽  
Vol 2020 ◽  
pp. 1-12 ◽  
Milos Antonijevic ◽  
Miodrag Zivkovic ◽  
Sladjana Arsic ◽  
Aleksandar Jevremovic

Visual short-term memory (VSTM) is defined as the ability to remember a small amount of visual information, such as colors and shapes, during a short period of time. VSTM is a part of short-term memory, which can hold information up to 30 seconds. In this paper, we present the results of research where we classified the data gathered by using an electroencephalogram (EEG) during a VSTM experiment. The experiment was performed with 12 participants that were required to remember as many details as possible from the two images, displayed for 1 minute. The first assessment was done in an isolated environment, while the second assessment was done in front of the other participants, in order to increase the stress of the examinee. The classification of the EEG data was done by using four algorithms: Naive Bayes, support vector, KNN, and random forest. The results obtained show that AI-based classification could be successfully used in the proposed way, since we were able to correctly classify the order of the images presented 90.12% of the time and type of the displayed image 90.51% of the time.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Tuan D. Pham

AbstractImage analysis in histopathology provides insights into the microscopic examination of tissue for disease diagnosis, prognosis, and biomarker discovery. Particularly for cancer research, precise classification of histopathological images is the ultimate objective of the image analysis. Here, the time-frequency time-space long short-term memory network (TF-TS LSTM) developed for classification of time series is applied for classifying histopathological images. The deep learning is empowered by the use of sequential time-frequency and time-space features extracted from the images. Furthermore, unlike conventional classification practice, a strategy for class modeling is designed to leverage the learning power of the TF-TS LSTM. Tests on several datasets of histopathological images of haematoxylin-and-eosin and immunohistochemistry stains demonstrate the strong capability of the artificial intelligence (AI)-based approach for producing very accurate classification results. The proposed approach has the potential to be an AI tool for robust classification of histopathological images.

Zhang Chao ◽  
Wang Wei-zhi ◽  
Zhang Chen ◽  
Fan Bin ◽  
Wang Jian-guo ◽  

Accurate and reliable fault diagnosis is one of the key and difficult issues in mechanical condition monitoring. In recent years, Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) has been widely used in mechanical condition monitoring, which is also a great breakthrough in the field of bearing fault diagnosis. However, CNN can only extract local features of signals. The model accuracy and generalization of the original vibration signals are very low in the process of vibration signal processing only by CNN. Based on the above problems, this paper improves the traditional convolution layer of CNN, and builds the learning module (local feature learning block, LFLB) of the local characteristics. At the same time, the Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) is introduced into the network, which is used to extract the global features. This paper proposes the new neural network—improved CNN-LSTM network. The extracted deep feature is used for fault classification. The improved CNN-LSTM network is applied to the processing of the vibration signal of the faulty bearing collected by the bearing failure laboratory of Inner Mongolia University of science and technology. The results show that the accuracy of the improved CNN-LSTM network on the same batch test set is 98.75%, which is about 24% higher than that of the traditional CNN. The proposed network is applied to the bearing data collection of Western Reserve University under the condition that the network parameters remain unchanged. The experiment shows that the improved CNN-LSTM network has better generalization than the traditional CNN.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (18) ◽  
pp. 5762
Syed Basit Ali Bukhari ◽  
Khawaja Khalid Mehmood ◽  
Abdul Wadood ◽  
Herie Park

This paper presents a new intelligent islanding detection scheme (IIDS) based on empirical wavelet transform (EWT) and long short-term memory (LSTM) network to identify islanding events in microgrids. The concept of EWT is extended to extract features from three-phase signals. First, the three-phase voltage signals sampled at the terminal of targeted distributed energy resource (DER) or point of common coupling (PCC) are decomposed into empirical modes/frequency subbands using EWT. Then, instantaneous amplitudes and instantaneous frequencies of the three-phases at different frequency subbands are combined, and various statistical features are calculated. Finally, the EWT-based features along with the three-phase voltage signals are input to the LSTM network to differentiate between non-islanding and islanding events. To assess the efficacy of the proposed IIDS, extensive simulations are performed on an IEC microgrid and an IEEE 34-node system. The simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed IIDS in terms of non-detection zone (NDZ), computational time, detection accuracy, and robustness against noisy measurement. Furthermore, comparisons with existing intelligent methods and different LSTM architectures demonstrate that the proposed IIDS offers higher reliability by significantly reducing the NDZ and stands robust against measurements uncertainty.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document