yield response
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2022 ◽  
Vol 261 ◽  
pp. 107374
M. Corell ◽  
D. Pérez-López ◽  
L. Andreu ◽  
R. Recena ◽  
A. Centeno ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 276 ◽  
pp. 108393
Jake Campolo ◽  
Ivan Ortiz-Monasterio ◽  
David Guerena ◽  
David B. Lobell

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Federico H. Larrosa ◽  
Lucas Borrás

Altered stand density affects maize yields by producing changes in both numerical yield components, kernel number per plant (KNP), and kernel weight (KW). Kernel number is determined by the accumulation of ear biomass during the flowering period, whereas KW is determined by the sink potential established during flowering and the capacity of the plant to fulfill this potential during effective grain filling. Here, we tested if different short shading treatments during different stages around flowering can help discriminate genotypic differences in eco-physiological parameters relevant for maize stand density yield response and associated yield components. Our specific objectives were to: (i) identify hybrids with differential shading stress response, (ii) explore shading effects over eco-physiological parameters mechanistically related to KNP and KW, and (iii) test if shading stress can be used for detecting differential genotypic yield responses to stand density. The objectives were tested using four commercial maize hybrids. Results indicated that KNP was the yield component most related to yield changes across the different shading treatments, and that the specific shading imposed soon after anthesis generated the highest yield reductions. Hybrids less sensitive to shading stress were those that reduced their plant growth rate the least and the ones that accumulated more ear biomass during flowering. Genotype susceptibility to shading stress around flowering was correlated to stand density responses. This indicated that specific shading stress treatments are a useful tool to phenotype for differential stand density responses of commercial hybrids.

Ligalem Agegn Asres

Background: For better water resources management in the areas of water shortage for crop production, deficit irrigation is very important. The understanding of the yield response factor to water deficit is crucial for efficient irrigation water management. Deficit irrigation for studying yield response factors is always practiced in the way of stressing the demand of the crops. The present study was done for the determination of the seasonal yield response factor of red Bombay onion variety under Arba Minch agro climate condition. Furthermore, it also examined the effect of furrow irrigation systems on the seasonal yield response factor. Methods: The experiment was conducted from August to November 2019. The experiment had six treatments, which were the combination of two furrow irrigation systems and three irrigation levels. Data were collected for soil moisture before and after each irrigation and bulb yield. The seasonal yield response factors were determined through simple linear regressions using SPSS software. Result: When considering the furrow irrigation system as a factor, the seasonal yield response factor for alternate furrow irrigation system was 1.18 while for paired row furrow irrigation system was 1.07. This red Bombay variety of onion clearly shows more sensitive to water stress for alternative furrow irrigation systems than paired row furrow irrigation systems. Therefore, in the area of water shortage paired row furrow irrigation system is better than alternate furrow irrigation system. The seasonal yield response factor as a wall for red Bombay onion variety in Arba Minch agro-ecological condition was 1.12. Therefore, the red Bombay onion variety in Arba Minch agroclimate condition was sensitive to water stress.

Bidhan Chandro Sarker ◽  
Md. Yasin Ali ◽  
Richard W. Bell ◽  
Md. Enamul Kabir

Background: The cropping pattern of southwestern (SW) coastal Bangladesh has been improving from Fallow-Fallow-Transplanted aman paddy to Sunflower-Fallow-Transplanted aman paddy. The emerging cropping pattern of SW Bangladesh from single transplanted aman paddy to double cropping, sunflower in winter after transplanted aman paddy needs new crop husbandry including nutrient management particularly nitrogen (N). Hence, the present study aimed to evaluate the yield response of late sown sunflower to rates and application ratio (basal:top dressed) of N in the coastal soil of SW Bangladesh. Methods: The field experiment was conducted during winter season (2018-19) in a randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. The experimental treatments consisted of seven N rates (0, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180 and 210 kg ha-1) and three application ratio (50%:50%, 25%:75% and 0%:100%). Result: Results revealed that with the increased of N rates, dry matter, seed yield, yield attributes and net income were substantially increased: the highest values of these parameters were found at 150 and 180 kg N ha-1 when applied @ ratio of 25%:75% (basal: top dressed) despite non-significant interaction while the agronomic efficiency was higher at 60 kg ha-1 next decreased. The findings of the study suggested that N @ 150 kg ha-1 with 25%:75% application ratio is suitable for late sown sunflower in the coastal soil of SW Bangladesh.

2022 ◽  
Kinde Negessa Disasa ◽  
Haofang Yan

Abstract A developing country like Ethiopia suffers a lot from the effects of climate change due to its limited economic capability to build irrigation projects to combat climate change's impact on crop production. This study evaluates climate change's impact on rainfed maize production in the Southern part of Ethiopia. AquaCrop, developed by FAO that simulates the crop yield response to water deficit conditions, is employed to assess potential rainfed maize production in the study area with and without climate change. The Stochastic weather generators model LARS-WG of the latest version is used to simulate local-scale level climate variables based on low-resolution GCM outputs. The expected monthly percentage change of rainfall during these two-time horizons (2040 and 2060) ranges from -23.18 to 20.23% and -14.8 to 36.66 respectively. Moreover, the monthly mean of the minimum and maximum temperature are estimated to increase in the range of 1.296 0C to 2.192 0C and 0.98 0C to 1.84 0C for the first time horizon (2031-2050) and from 1.860C to 3.40C and 1.560C to 3.180C in the second time horizon (2051-2070), respectively. Maize yields are expected to increase with the range of 4.13–7% and 6.36–9.32% for the respective time horizon in the study area provided that all other parameters were kept the same. In conclusion, the study results suggest that rainfed maize yield responds positively to climate change if all field management, soil fertility, and crop variety improve were kept the same to baseline; but since there is intermodal rainfall variability among the seasons planting date should be scheduled well to combat water stress on crops. The authors believe that this study is very likely important for regional development agents (DA) and policymakers to cope up with the climate change phenomenon and take some mitigation and adaptation strategies.

2022 ◽  
Daniel W. Sweeney ◽  
Dorivar A. Ruiz Diaz ◽  
Bruno C. Pedreira ◽  
John L. Havlin

Plant Disease ◽  
2022 ◽  
Travis R. Faske ◽  
Yuba Raj Kandel ◽  
Tom Allen ◽  
Zane Grabau ◽  
Jiahuai Hu ◽  

Meta-analysis was used to compare yield protection and nematode suppression provided by two, seed- and two, soil-applied nematicides against Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis on cotton across three years and several trial locations in the United States Cotton Belt. Nematicides consisted of thiodicarb- and fluopyram-treated seed, aldicarb and fluopyram applied in-furrow and combinations of the seed treatments and soil-applied fluopyram. The nematicides had no effect on nematode reproduction or root infection but had a significant impact on seed cotton yield response (¯D) with an average increase of 176 and 197 kg/ha relative to the nontreated control in M. incognita and R. reniformis infested fields, respectively. However, because of significant variation in yield protection and nematode suppression by nematicides, five or six moderator variables [cultivar resistance (M. incognita only), nematode infestation level, nematicide treatment, application method, trial location, and growing season] were used depending on nematode species. In M. incognita infested fields, greater yield protection was observed with nematicides applied in-furrow and seed-applied + in-furrow than solo seed-applied nematicide applications. Most notably of these in-furrow nematicides were aldicarb and fluopyram (>131 g/ha) with or without a seed-applied nematicide compared to thiodicarb. In R. reniformis infested fields, moderator variables provided no further explanation of the variation in yield response by nematicides. Furthermore, moderator variables provided little explanation of the variation in nematode suppression by nematicides in M. incognita and R. reniformis infested fields. The limited explanation by the moderator variables on the field efficacy of nematicides in M. incognita and R. reniformis infested fields demonstrates the difficulty of managing these pathogens with nonfumigant nematicides across the U. S. Cotton Belt.

2022 ◽  
Vol 65 (1) ◽  
pp. 51-65
Vivek Sharma ◽  
Abhijit Rai

HighlightsDeficit irrigation negatively affected dry bean yield and yield components.Excess irrigation increased crop ETc but not dry bean yield.Soil moisture fluctuation was greater in the top 0.3 m of the soil profile compared to deeper depths.Crop water production function had a slope of 18.9 kg ha-1 mm-1 and threshold crop evapotranspiration of 171 mm.Dry bean crop was found to be sensitive to water stress (yield response factor Ky = 1.94).Abstract. Under changing climate conditions and declining water resources, understanding crop response to water stress is critical for effective irrigation management. The objectives of this study were to quantify dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L., cv. Othello) soil moisture dynamics, crop evapotranspiration (ETc), and yield response factor and to develop dry bean irrigation and crop water production functions (IWPF and CWPF). Five irrigation treatments, i.e., full irrigation (FIT), 75% FIT, 50% FIT, 25% FIT, and 125% FIT, were evaluated using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications for three years (2017, 2018, and 2019) in the arid to semi-arid intermountain region of Powell, Wyoming. The results showed a significant influence of irrigation on dry bean soil moisture dynamics and ETc. The dry bean crop showed a greater soil moisture fluctuation in the top 0.3 m of the soil profile compared to 0.6 m and at 0.9 m. ETc ranged from 187 to 438 mm, from 190 to 409 mm, and from 217 to 398 mm in the 2017, 2018, and 2019 growing seasons, respectively. A positive two-segment relationship was observed between dry bean seed yield and cumulative irrigation water applied. The average cumulative seasonal irrigation of 310 mm resulted in maximum seed yield. For all three years, the seed yield increased linearly with ETc. Combining the data from the three years resulted in a CWPF with a slope of 18.9 kg ha-1 mm-1 and an offset of 171 mm of ETc (i.e., the ETc required for crop establishment before any seed yield is produced, or threshold ETc). Moreover, the dry bean crop was found to be sensitive to water stress (Ky = 1.94). These results indicated that under the typical semi-arid to arid climate conditions of the intermountain region of Wyoming, deficit irrigation of dry bean may not be a viable strategy because the yield loss outweighs water-saving benefits. Keywords: Dry bean, Crop evapotranspiration, Crop production function, Irrigation water production function.

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