olive orchard
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2022 ◽  
Vol 261 ◽  
pp. 107374
M. Corell ◽  
D. Pérez-López ◽  
L. Andreu ◽  
R. Recena ◽  
A. Centeno ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 258 ◽  
pp. 107197
R.D.M. Fernandes ◽  
G. Egea ◽  
V. Hernandez-Santana ◽  
A. Diaz-Espejo ◽  
J.E. Fernández ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 293 ◽  
pp. 112785
Encarnación V. Taguas ◽  
Víctor Marín-Moreno ◽  
Concepción M. Díez ◽  
Luciano Mateos ◽  
Diego Barranco ◽  

Agronomy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 1658
Sofia Branquinho ◽  
João Rolim ◽  
José Luís Teixeira

The south of Portugal is one of the regions that will be most affected by the impacts of climate change (CC), with an expected increase in water scarcity. Irrigated super-intensive olive orchards occupy a large area of the used agricultural surface in the Alentejo region, south of Portugal, making it necessary to adapt this crop to the effects of CC. This study assessed the impacts of CC and defined adaptation measures concerning irrigation management of the super-intensive olive orchard. To compute the crop irrigation requirement (CIR), the soil water balance model ISAREG was combined with climate data relative to the reference period 1971–2000 and to the representative concentration pathways RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 for the periods 2011–2040, 2041–2070, and 2071–2100. The growing degree-days (GDD) approach was used to estimate olive phenology for these CC scenarios. Unchanged irrigation management with an average CIR increase up to 16% in RCP4.5 and 31% in RCP8.5 is expected. By adopting higher levels of water deficit, water savings of up to 22% can be realized. The results showed that the anticipated CIR increase for the CC scenarios can be mitigated through regulated deficit irrigation strategies.

Agronomy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (7) ◽  
pp. 1337
José Enrique González-Zamora ◽  
Maria Teresa Alonso-López ◽  
Yolanda Gómez-Regife ◽  
Sara Ruiz-Muñoz

In Spain, water use in agriculture is expected to become limited by resources in the future. It is pertinent to study the effect of decreased irrigation on the presence of pests, plant damage, and arthropod communities in a super-intensive olive orchard examined from 2017 to 2019. Arthropods were studied with visual and vacuum sampling methods in two irrigation treatments (T1—control and T2—Regulated Deficit Irrigation (RDI)). Univariate analyses showed that the total arthropod abundance was significantly greater in T1 than in T2 in 2018 and 2019, mostly due to Diptera Nematocera. Visual sampling revealed that the feeding damage produced by Eriophyidae (Trombidiformes) was significantly lower in T2 in 2018 and 2019: 10–40% of shoots were affected in the late season compared with 50–60% affected for T1. The feeding symptoms caused by Palpita unionalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and Zelleria oleastrella (Milliere) (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) were significantly less for T2 than for T1. Multivariate principal response curves showed significant differences between irrigation strategies in the 2018 and 2019 data for both sampling methods. In conclusion, irrigation schemes with restricted water use (T2—RDI) help to reduce the abundance of several types of pests in olive crops, especially of those that feed on the plants’ new sprouts.

Poljoprivreda ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 30-36
Edita Štefanić ◽  
Vesna Kovačević ◽  
Lea Jakovljević ◽  
Urška Kosić ◽  

On the experimental plots of the Institute of Agriculture and Tourism in Poreč, weed communities were analyzed in a conventionally‐grown olive orchard and in consociation with pyrethrum. Phytocenological surveys were conducted in March, June, and September using the Braun-Blanquet Cover Abundance Scale. Altogether, 54 species of vascular plants were recognized in both orchards. However, in a conventionally‐grown olive orchard, 27 were identified, whereas 42 weed species were identified in consociation with pyrethrum. Only 15 weeds were common to both orchards. Between both olive orchards, significant differences existed regarding the floristic and community diversity metrics. In consociation with pyrethrum as a cover crop, olive orchard had a more stable weed community during the season, while two weed species, Mercurialis annuua L. and Medicago arabica (L.) Huds., dominated in a conventionally‐grown orchard in the fall. The weed communities in both orchards significantly differ considering the appearance season (spring, summer, and fall). An autumnal weed community in a conventionally‐grown olive orchard was more diverse, more abundant, and with a more distinct floristic composition than a weed community in the spring and summer periods. However, an olive‐orchard weed community in consociation with pyrethrum also differed regarding the season, but a Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) demonstrated a clear separation of a more diverse estival weed community than the one observed in the spring and summer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 210 ◽  
pp. 104977
Miguel A. Repullo-Ruibérriz de Torres ◽  
Rosa M. Carbonell-Bojollo ◽  
Manuel Moreno-García ◽  
Rafaela Ordóñez-Fernández ◽  
Antonio Rodríguez-Lizana

2021 ◽  
Vol 156 ◽  
pp. 104556
María Villa ◽  
Sónia A.P. Santos ◽  
José Antonio López-Sáez ◽  
Lara Pinheiro ◽  
Rosalina Marrão ◽  

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