textile dye
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2022 ◽  
Vol 46 ◽  
pp. 102547
Author(s):  
Rameesha Tanveer ◽  
Abdullah Yasar ◽  
Amt-ul-Bari Tabinda ◽  
Amir Ikhlaq ◽  
Hira Nissar ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2022 ◽  
Vol 304 ◽  
pp. 114322
Author(s):  
Beatriz Lima Santos Klienchen Dalari ◽  
Cristiane Lisboa Giroletti ◽  
Francisco J. Malaret ◽  
Everton Skoronski ◽  
Jason P. Hallett ◽  
...  

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 487
Author(s):  
Jolanta Polak ◽  
Marcin Grąz ◽  
Kamila Wlizło ◽  
Katarzyna Szałapata ◽  
Justyna Kapral-Piotrowska ◽  
...  

Fungal laccase obtained from a Cerrena unicolor strain was used as an effective biocatalyst for the transformation of 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid into a green-coloured antibacterial compound, which can be considered as both an antimicrobial agent and a textile dye, simultaneously. The process of biosynthesis was performed in buffered solutions containing methanol as a co-solvent, allowing better solubilisation of substrate. The transformation process was optimised in terms of the buffer pH value, laccase activity, and concentrations of the substrate and co-solvent. The crude product obtained exhibited low cytotoxicity, antibacterial properties against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, and antioxidant properties. Moreover, the synthesised green-coloured compound proved non-allergenic and demonstrated a high efficiency of dyeing wool fibres.


Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 129
Author(s):  
Yen-Hui Lin ◽  
Bing-Han Ho

The kinetics and performance of a biological activated carbon (BAC) reactor were evaluated to validate the proposed kinetic model. The Freundlich adsorption capacity (Ka) and adsorption intensity constants (n) obtained from the batch experiments were 1.023 ± 0.134 (mg/g) (L/mg)1/n and 2.036 ± 0.785, respectively. The effective diffusivity (Ds) of the substrate within the activated carbon was determined by comparing the adsorption model value with the experimental data to find the best fit value (4.3 × 10–4 cm2/d). The batch tests revealed that the yield coefficient (Y) was 0.18 mg VSS/mg COD. Monod and Haldane kinetics were applied to fit the experimental data and determine the biokinetic constants, such as the maximum specific utilization rate (k), half-saturation constant (KS), inhibition constant (Ki), and biomass death rate coefficient (kd). The results revealed that the Haldane kinetics fit the experimental data better than the Monod kinetics. The values of k, KS, Ki, and kdwere 3.52 mg COD/mg VSS-d, 71.7 mg COD/L, 81.63 mg COD/L, and 4.9 × 10−3 1/d, respectively. The BAC reactor had a high COD removal efficiency of 94.45% at a steady state. The average influent color was found to be 62 ± 22 ADMI color units, and the color removal efficiency was 73‒100% (average 92.3 ± 10.2%). The removal efficiency for ammonium was 73.9 ± 24.4%, while the residual concentration of ammonium in the effluent was 1.91 ± 2.04 mg/L. The effluent quality from the BAC reactor could meet the discharge standard and satisfy the reuse requirements of textile dye wastewater.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 48-52
Author(s):  
Ibrahim Alhaji Sabo ◽  
Salihu Yahuza ◽  
Bilal Ibrahim Dan-Iya ◽  
Abdussamad Abubakar

Malachite green is extensively used in the textile dye industry and in agriculture as fish pests’ pesticide. Biosorption is a type of sorption technique that uses a biological sorbent. As of now, biosorption is viewed as a simple and cost-effective process that might be used as an alternative to traditional pollution treatment methods. Bioremediation is one of the branches of bioremediation that is used to minimise pollution in the context of incorrect textile waste disposal. The sorption isotherm of Malachite Green onto graphene oxide were analyzed using three models—pseudo-1st, pseudo-2nd and Elovich, and fitted using non-linear regression. The Elovich model was the poorest in fitting the curve based on visual observation and the best was pseudo-2nd order based on statistical analysis such as root-mean-square error (RMSE), adjusted coefficient of determination (adjR2), bias factor (BF), accuracy factor (AF), corrected AICc (Akaike Information Criterion), Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) and Hannan–Quinn information criterion (HQC). Nonlinear regression analysis using the pseudo-2nd order model gave values of equilibrium sorption capacity qe of 6.164 mg/g (95% confidence interval from 5.918 to 6.410) and a value of the pseudo-2nd-order rate constant, k2 of 0.034 (95% confidence interval from 0.024 to 0.045). Further analysis is needed to provide proof for the chemisorption mechanism usually tied to this kinetic.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Shruti Baliram Sakpal ◽  
Kishori Swapnil Tarfe

Textile dye industry waste is one among the foremost serious issues within the atmosphere. The dye wastes are severely harmful to surface water bodies. The dye degradation and decolorisation processes, that embody several physical and chemical strategies having inherent drawbacks, like cost accounting, economically impracticable (require additional energy and chemicals), unable to get rid of a number of the recalcitrant dyes and production of huge quantity of sludge that if not properly treated, successively will cause secondary pollution. So, biological degradation, being eco-friendly and cheap methodology, is taken into account as an efficient methodology for the removal of nephrotoxic radical dyes. Our present study was therefore aimed to isolate dyestuff decolorizing microorganism from dyeing industry effluent associate degreed to check their characteristics so as to use them as an economical bio agent for decolorizing and mineralizing nephrotoxic radical dyes.Various microorganism like Bacillus subtilis, Aeromonas hydrophila and Bacillus Cereus, fungi & actinomycetes are found to possess dye decolorizing activity. For the aim of finding out their characteristics, water sample was subjected to enrichment culture technique and then isolated on sterile nutrient agar plates containing 0.005%, 0.01%, and 1% of Congo red dye. The probable isolated organism from Congo red dye i.e. Pantoea agglomerans was found which can possess the ability to decolorize Congo red at lower concentration. The probable isolates obtained must be additional investigated relating to varied factors like dye degradation capability, media composition affecting dye degradation & mechanism of dye degrading activity.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ibrahim A. Amar ◽  
Salma M. Hassan ◽  
Fatima H. Aqeela ◽  
Mohamed Y. Najem ◽  
Fatima A. Altohami

Purpose This paper aims to investigate the potential application of Balanites aegyptiaca bark powder (BABP) for removing a basic textile dye, methylene blue (MB), from aqueous solutions. Design/methodology/approach The biosorbent (BABP) was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and point of zero charge (pHPZC). Batch mode was selected to study the biosorption of MB onto BABP surface at different experimental conditions (shaking speed, contact time, initial solution pH, ionic strength, solution temperature, biosorbent dosage and initial dye concentration). Besides, the reusability of BABP for MB biosorption was also examined. Findings The biosorption results revealed that approximately 96% of MB was removed successfully at the optimized operational conditions. Pseudo-second-order and Langmuir models, respectively, better described the adsorption kinetics and isotherms. The monolayer biosorption capacity (qmax) for MB was about 97.09 mg/g. According to thermodynamics findings, the MB biosorption onto BABP is an exothermic and spontaneous process. The results demonstrate that BABP can be considered as potential eco-friendly, readily available and low-cost biosorbent for hazardous textile dyes removal from water bodies and also provides a promising method for minimization of agricultural solid wastes (e.g. plant barks). Originality/value The utilization of Balanites aegyptiaca bark powder (BABP), solid waste material, as low-cost and eco-friendly biosorbent for the removal of hazardous basic textile dye (methylene blue) from the aquatic environment.


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