gas production
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 100254
Susumu Nakayama ◽  
Shigeki Kuwata ◽  
Shinji Imai

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 314 ◽  
pp. 123033
Xiaoxian Yang ◽  
Darren Rowland ◽  
Catherine C. Sampson ◽  
Peter E. Falloon ◽  
Eric F. May

2022 ◽  
Vol 176 ◽  
pp. 106530
Alar Teemusk ◽  
Mikk Espenberg ◽  
Ülo Mander

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 309 ◽  
pp. 122128
Jie Zhao ◽  
Jia-nan Zheng ◽  
Xinru Wang ◽  
Shuang Dong ◽  
Mingjun Yang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 806 ◽  
pp. 150298
David J.X. Gonzalez ◽  
Christina K. Francis ◽  
Gary M. Shaw ◽  
Mark R. Cullen ◽  
Michael Baiocchi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Hao Li ◽  
Genbo Peng

CO2 foam fracturing fluid is widely used in unconventional oil and gas production because of its easy flowback and low damage to the reservoir. Nowadays, the fracturing process of CO2 foam fracturing fluid injected by coiled tubing is widely used. However, the small diameter of coiled tubing will cause a large frictional pressure loss in the process of fluid flow, which is not beneficial to the development of fracturing construction. In this paper, the temperature and pressure calculation model of gas, liquid, and solid three-phase fluid flow in the wellbore under annulus injection is established. The model accuracy is verified by comparing the calculation results with the existing gas, solid, and gas and liquid two-phase model of CO2 fracturing. The calculation case of this paper shows that compared with the tubing injection method, the annulus injection of CO2 foam fracturing fluid reduces the friction by 3.06 MPa, and increases the wellbore pressure and temperature by 3.06 MPa and 5.77°C, respectively. Increasing the injection temperature, proppant volumetric concentration, and foam quality will increase the wellbore fluid temperature and make the CO2 transition to the supercritical state while increasing the mass flow rate will do the opposite. The research results verify the feasibility of the annulus injection of CO2 foam fracturing fluid and provide a reference for the improvement of CO2 foam fracturing technology in the field.

Pengda Cheng ◽  
Weijun Shen ◽  
Qingyan Xu ◽  
Xiaobing Lu ◽  
Chao Qian ◽  

AbstractUnderstanding the changes of the near-wellbore pore pressure associated with the reservoir depletion is greatly significant for the development of ultra-deep natural gas reservoirs. However, there is still a great challenge for the fluid flow and geomechanics in the reservoir depletion. In this study, a fully coupled model was developed to simulate the near-wellbore and reservoir physics caused by pore pressure in ultra-deep natural gas reservoirs. The stress-dependent porosity and permeability models as well as geomechanics deformation induced by pore pressure were considered in this model, and the COMSOL Multiphysics was used to implement and solve the problem. The numerical model was validated by the reservoir depletion from Dabei gas field in China, and the effects of reservoir properties and production parameters on gas production, near-wellbore pore pressure and permeability evolution were discussed. The results show that the gas production rate increases nonlinearly with the increase in porosity, permeability and Young’s modulus. The lower reservoir porosity will result in the greater near-wellbore pore pressure and the larger rock deformation. The permeability changes have little effect on geomechanics deformation while it affects greatly the gas production rate in the reservoir depletion. With the increase in the gas production rate, the near-wellbore pore pressure and permeability decrease rapidly and tend to balance with time. The reservoir rocks with higher deformation capacity will cause the greater near-wellbore pore pressure.

Nate Schultheiss ◽  
Jeremy Holtsclaw ◽  
Matthias Zeller

Substituted triazines are a class of compounds utilized for scavenging and sequestering hydrogen sulfide in oil and gas production operations. The reaction of one of these triazines under field conditions resulted in the formation of the title compound, 2-(1,3,5-dithiazinan-5-yl)ethanol, C5H11NOS2, or MEA-dithiazine. Polymorphic form I, in space group I41/a, was first reported in 2004 and its extended structure displays one-dimensional, helical strands connected through O—H...O hydrogen bonds. We describe here the form II polymorph of the title compound, which crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbca as centrosymmetric dimers through pairwise O—H...N hydrogen bonds from the hydroxyl moiety to the nitrogen atom of an adjacent molecule.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261533
Seung-Whan Choi

This replication underlines the importance of outlier diagnostics since many researchers have long neglected influential observations in OLS regression analysis. In his article, entitled “Primary Resources, Secondary Labor,” Shin finds that advanced democracies with increased natural resource wealth, particularly from oil and natural gas production, are more likely to restrict low-skill immigration policy. By performing outlier diagnostics, this replication shows that Shin’s findings are a statistical artifact. When one outlying country, Norway, is removed from the sample data, I observe almost no significant and negative relationship between oil wealth and immigration policy. When two outlying countries are excluded, the effect of oil wealth completely disappears. Robust regression analysis, a widely used remedial method for outlier problems, confirms the results of my outlier diagnostics.

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