caribbean sea
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2022 ◽  
Vol 217 ◽  
pp. 105999
Johnson Corey ◽  
Qian Wang ◽  
Jianfeng Zheng ◽  
Yulong Sun ◽  
Haoming Du ◽  

2022 ◽  
Zhiguo Xu ◽  
Lining Sun ◽  
Mohd Nashriq Abd Rahman ◽  
Shanshan Liang ◽  
Jianyu Shi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Everton Giachini Tosetto ◽  
Arnaud Bertrand ◽  
Sigrid Neumann-Leitão ◽  
Miodeli Nogueira Júnior

AbstractThe dispersal of marine organisms can be restricted by a set of isolation mechanisms including hard barriers or hydrological features. In the Western Atlantic Ocean, the Amazon River discharge has been shown to act as a biogeographical barrier responsible for the differences in reef fish communities between Caribbean Sea and Northeast Brazil continental shelves. Here, we compare the diversity of all Animalia phyla from biogeographic ecoregions along the Tropical Western Atlantic continental shelf to test the hypothesis that the Amazon River plume spatially structures species diversity. For that, we used beta diversity estimators and multivariate ecological analysis on a database of species occurrence of the whole animal kingdom including 175,477 occurrences of 8,375 species from six ecoregions along the Western Tropical Atlantic. Results of the whole animal kingdom and the richest phyla showed that the Caribbean Sea and Tropical Brazil ecoregions are isolated by the Amazon River Plume, broadening and confirming the hypothesis that it acts as a soft barrier to animal dispersal in the Western Tropical Atlantic. Species sharing is larger northwestwards, in direction of the Caribbean than the opposite direction. Beyond species isolation due to local characteristics such as low salinity and high turbidity, our results suggest the dominant northwestward currents probably play a major role in animal dispersion: it enhances the flux of larvae and other planktonic organisms with reduced mobility from Brazil to Caribbean and hinders their contrary movement. Thus, the Amazon area is a strong barrier for taxa with reduced dispersal capacity, while species of pelagic taxa with active swimming may transpose it more easily.

2022 ◽  
Andrés Fernando Orejarena ◽  
Juan Manuel Sayol ◽  
Ismael Hernández-carrasco ◽  
Alejandro Cáceres ◽  
Juan Camilo Restrepo ◽  

Abstract Wave energy flux (WEF) is assessed in the Caribbean Sea from a 60-year (1958--2017) wave hindcast. We use a novel approach, based on neural networks, to identify coherent regions of similar WEF and their association with different climate patterns. This method allows for a better evaluation of the underlying dynamics behind seasonal and inter-annual WEF variability, including the effect induced by the latitudinal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), and the influence of El Ni\~no-Southern Oscillation events. Results show clear regional differences of the WEF variability likely due to both a clear regionalization of the WEF due to both the intensification and migration of the ITCZ. WEF exhibits a strong semiseasonal signal in areas of the continental shelf, with maximums in January and June, in agreement with the sea surface temperature and sea level pressure variability. At larger scales, WEF shows a significant correlation with the Oceanic Ni\~no Index depicting positive values in the central and western basin and negative ones at the eastern side.

Geology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Lilian M. Leandro ◽  
Ana P. Linhares ◽  
Marcelo A. De Lira Mota ◽  
Gerson Fauth ◽  
Alessandra Santos ◽  

The timing of continental-scale marine flooding events in Western Amazonia during the Neogene is still an unsolved question. Despite broad proxy-based evidence of such events, the pathways and duration of late Miocene marine incursions remain controversial. We provide coupled calcareous and organic microfossil and geochemical data from six onshore cores from Neogene sequences of the Solimões Basin, Brazil. Our records support minor marine influence in the early Miocene (23.0, 21.1, 18.6, and 16.3 Ma), middle Miocene (14.9, 13.7, and 12.9 Ma) and early Pliocene (4.7, 4.2–4.1, and 3.8 Ma), and conspicuous marine incursions in the late Miocene (11.1–8.8 Ma) suggested by the consistent presence of salinity-indicative microfossils and geochemical data. Our findings challenge the view of major marine incursions in the early and middle Miocene in the studied area. We propose for the first time a new late Miocene incursion (LMI) event as the main marine flooding event in Western Amazonia during the Neogene. These onshore records are compared with three offshore cores from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The similarity between microfossil assemblages of the Solimões Basin and the Caribbean Sea, and evidence of increased runoff from the Orinoco river drainage system, strongly suggest the Caribbean Sea as the primary source area of the marine incursions, supporting a Venezuelan seaway. We further show for the first time the potential linkage between Neogene marine incursions (mainly the LMI) into the Solimões Basin and major disturbances in the global carbon cycle.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
pp. 1-8
John E. Nyberg ◽  
Shachak Pe’eri ◽  
Susan L. Slocum ◽  
Matthew Rice

Abstract. The Cruise Line industry (CLI) is working on plans to recover from the economic impacts of COVID-19. Along with the expected benefits of a post COVID19 surge in cruise tourism, destination ports have an opportunity to mitigate potential impacts that come with the tourist economy. In this study, we expand on our previous work on four CLI destination sites (two in the Caribbean and two meso-American) to a larger regional study area in the Caribbean Sea and investigate the sustainability of destination marine infrastructure and near port transportation resilience. Twenty- Eight destinations were analyzed in the study. All the CLI destinations ports in the study are considered mature for cruise tourism and have tourist attractions of interest (including historic, natural, shopping, and other areas with sociocultural authenticity), which can be reached during a one day ship visit. An analysis of the marine traffic and geographic settings provides a more complete picture on key parameters that can potentially impact the commerce and livelihoods of local communities near destination ports. The results of the study also provide potential solutions for mitigating these impacts. As a baseline for fully operational cruise industry in the Caribbean Sea, the 2019 cruise year was analyzed since it was the last full year without impact from COVID-19. This paper offers a wider empirical view of CLI impacts on the Caribbean region once the industry resumes to full capacity following the COVID-19 pandemic, and it presents results and recommendations to build a framework for continued study of CLI sustainability.

Oceanography ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 68-69
Joaquin Triñanes ◽  
Chuanmin Hu ◽  
Nathan Putman ◽  
Maria Olascoaga ◽  

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