laryngeal cancer
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 617-624
Juan Zheng ◽  
Liang Zhou

This study intends to investigate whether miR-29b derived from BMSC exosomes (BMSC-exos) affects laryngeal cancer progression. RT-qPCR detected miR-29b level in BMSCs and BMSC-exos. After miR-29b was overexpressed in BMSCs, exos were extracted from BMSCs and used to treat laryngeal cancer cells, followed by CCK-8 assay and soft agar assay. When cells were treated with FOXP1 inhibitor or cyclin E2 vector, Western blot analyzed the expression of related proteins and flow cytometry assessed cell cycle distribution. In vivo experiment was conducted to assess miR-29b’s effect on tumor growth. miR-29b was upregulated in BMSC-exos, but lowly expressed in cancer cells. miR-29b upregulation inhibited the proliferation of laryngeal cancer cells and delayed tumor progression In vivo by inducing cell cycle arrest. Importantly, miR-29b bound 3′UTR of FXOP1 to inhibit its expression, and further reduced cyclin E2 level. sh-FXOP1 or cyclin E2 vector can restore the cell cycle and proliferation caused by miR-29b. In conclusion, miR-29b enriched in BMSC-exo can down-regulate cyclin E2 expression through targeted inhibition of FXOP1, thereby inhibiting the progression of laryngeal cancer.

Elif Elibol ◽  
Özgenur Koçak ◽  
Mecit Sancak ◽  
Bengi Arslan ◽  
Fatih Gül ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 51-71
Bharat Yarlagadda

2022 ◽  
Alexandra Schindele ◽  
Anna Holm ◽  
Karin Nylander ◽  
Annika Allard ◽  
Katarina Olofsson

Abstract Purpose: Apart from tobacco and alcohol, viral infections are proposed as risk factors for laryngeal cancer. The occurrence of oncogenic viruses including human papilloma virus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) varies in the world. Carcinogenesis is a multi-step process, and the role of viruses in LSCC progression has not been clarified. We aimed to analyze the presence and co-expression of HPV, EBV, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and human adenovirus (HAdV) in LSCC. We also investigated if p16 can act as surrogate marker for HPV in LSCC. Methods: Combined PCR/microarrays (PapilloCheck®) were used for detection and genotyping of HPV DNA, real time-PCR for EBV, HCMV and HAdV DNA detection, and EBER in situ hybridization (EBER-ISH) for EBV detection in tissue from 78 LSCC patients. Additionally, we analyzed p16 expression with immunohistochemistry.Results: Thirty-three percent (26/78) of LSCC tumor samples were EBV positive, 9% (7/78) HCMV positive and 4% (3/78) HAdV positive. Due to DNA fragmentation, 45 samples could not be analyzed with PapilloCheck®; 9% of the remaining (3/33) were high-risk HPV16 positive and also over-expressed p16. A total of 14% (11/78) of the samples over-expressed p16.Conclusion: These findings present a mapping of HPV, EBV, HCMV and HAdV, including the HPV surrogate marker p16, in LSCC in this cohort. Except for EBV, which was detected in a third of the samples, data show viral infection to be uncommon, and that p16 does not appear to be a specific surrogate marker for high-risk HPV infection in LSCC.

2021 ◽  
Alison E Lim ◽  
Niall Woodley ◽  
Trung Ton ◽  
Keziah Lewis ◽  
Kieran Ferrier ◽  

Vipin Arora ◽  
Ravi Meher ◽  
Divya Vaid ◽  
Suvercha Arya

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Hang Zhang ◽  
Xudong Zhao ◽  
Jin Wang ◽  
Wenyue Ji

ObjectiveOur purpose was to develop and verify an immune-related signature for predicting recurrence risk of patients with laryngeal cancer.MethodsRNA-seq data of 51 recurrence and 81 non-recurrence laryngeal cancer samples were downloaded from TCGA database, as the training set. Microarray data of 34 recurrence and 75 non-recurrence cancer samples were obtained from GEO dataset, as the validation set. Single factor cox regression was utilized to screen prognosis-related immune genes. After LASSO regression analysis, an immune-related signature was constructed. Recurrence free survival (RFS) between high- and low- recurrence risk patients was presented, followed by ROC. We also evaluated the correlation between immune infiltration and the signature using the CIBERSORT algorithm. The genes in the signature were validated in laryngeal cancer tissues by western blot or RT-qPCR. After RCN1 knockdown, migration and invasion of laryngeal cancer cells were investigated.ResultsTotally, 43 prognosis-related immune genes were identified for laryngeal cancer. Among them, eight genes were used for constructing a prognostic signature. High risk group exhibited a higher recurrence risk than low risk group. The AUC for 1-year was separately 0.803 and 0.715 in the training and verification sets, suggesting its well efficacy for predicting the recurrence. Furthermore, this signature was closely related to distinct immune cell infiltration. RCN1, DNAJA2, LASP1 and IBSP were up-regulated in laryngeal cancer. RCN1 knockdown restrained migrated and invasive abilities of laryngeal cancer cells.ConclusionOur findings identify a reliable immune-related signature that can predict the recurrence risk of patients with laryngeal cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yixuan Li ◽  
Qian Cai ◽  
Ximing Shen ◽  
Xiaoting Chen ◽  
Zhong Guan

The immune checkpoint molecule, B7-H3, which belongs to the B7 family, has been shown to be overexpressed in various cancers. Its role in tumors is not well defined, and many studies suggest that it is associated with poor clinical outcomes. The effect of B7-H3 on laryngeal cancer has not been reported. This study investigated the expression of B7-H3 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), and its relationship with clinicopathological factors and prognosis of LSCC patients. The gene expression quantification data and clinical data of LSCC retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database were analyzed to determine the diagnostic and prognostic roles of B7-H3. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was then performed to determine the gene expression level of B7-H3 between LSCC tissues and paired normal adjacent tissues. In addition, TCGA RNA-seq data was analyzed to evaluate the expression level of B7 family genes. Next, the protein expression of B7-H3 and CD8 in LSCC was determined using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. qRT-PCR results showed that the expression level of B7-H3 mRNA was significantly higher in LSCC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues. Similar results were obtained from the TCGA analysis. The expression of B7-H3 was significantly associated with T stage, lymph node metastasis, and pathological tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage, and it was also an independent factor influencing the overall survival time (OS) of patients with LSCC. In addition, B7-H3 was negatively correlated with CD8+T cells. These results show that B7-H3 is upregulated in LSCC. Therefore, B7-H3 may serve as a biomarker of poor prognosis and a promising therapeutic target in LSCC.

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