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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 914-919
Author(s):  
Yilidana Mijiti ◽  
Fang Fang ◽  
Shanhui Liang ◽  
Xiuju Huang ◽  
Yilidana Yilihamu ◽  
...  

The miRNA derived from Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have crucial effects on tumors. The tumor could be affected by the abnormal expression of miRNA in human papillomavirus (HPV). Our study aimed to identify the potential brand-new biomarker in order to reveal the pathogenesis of HPV. miRNA derived from BMSCs was detected and identified. The action of miR-12 on biological behavior of HPV was detected. The level of AN1 protein was detected by Western-blot and IHC method. The relationship between miR-12 and AN1 was assessed by bioinformatics analysis and luciferase assay. The tumor cell biological behaviors were evaluated by manipulating miR12 and AN1 level. The tumor volume derived from BMSCs was diminished significantly compared with normal tissues. The tumor volume was bigger after combined injection with Hela cell and miR-12 compared with single injection. The cell proliferative and invasive ability was strengthened after transfection with miR-12mimics. The cell invasive ability was reduced significantly after transfection of si-miR-12. AN1 was a target gene of miR-12 as confirmed by the analysis on bioinformatics and luciferase activity. The phenotype was reversed after the silent presentation of AN1 was disturbed. In conclusion, miR-12 expression is elevated in HPV cells and affects HPV cells through targeting the AN1 signaling pathway.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Anil Vishnu G. K. ◽  
Gayatri Gogoi ◽  
Bhagaban Behera ◽  
Saeed Rila ◽  
Annapoorni Rangarajan ◽  
...  

AbstractThe rapid and label-free diagnosis of malignancies in ex vivo breast biopsy tissues has significant utility in pathology laboratories and operating rooms. We report a MEMS-based platform integrated with microchips that performs phenotyping of breast biopsy tissues using electrothermal sensing. The microchip, fabricated on a silicon substrate, incorporates a platinum microheater, interdigitated electrodes (IDEs), and resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) as on-chip sensing elements. The microchips are integrated onto the platform using a slide-fit contact enabling quick replacement for biological measurements. The bulk resistivity (ρB), surface resistivity (ρS), and thermal conductivity (k) of deparaffinized and formalin-fixed paired tumor and adjacent normal breast biopsy samples from N = 8 patients were measured. For formalin-fixed samples, the mean ρB for tumors showed a statistically significant fold change of 4.42 (P = 0.014) when the tissue was heated from 25 °C to 37 °C compared to the adjacent normal tissue, which showed a fold change of 3.47. The mean ρS measurements also showed a similar trend. The mean k of the formalin-fixed tumor tissues was 0.309 ± 0.02 W m−1 K−1 compared to a significantly higher k of 0.563 ± 0.028 W m−1 K−1 for the adjacent normal tissues. A similar trend was observed in ρB,ρS, and k for the deparaffinized tissue samples. An analysis of a combination of ρB, ρS, and k using Fisher’s combined probability test and linear regression suggests the advantage of using all three parameters simultaneously for distinguishing tumors from adjacent normal tissues with higher statistical significance.


2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jiali Meng ◽  
Yuanchao Wei ◽  
Qing Deng ◽  
Ling Li ◽  
Xiaolong Li

Abstract Background Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer with a high mortality rate. However, the molecular mechanism of HCC formation remains to be explored and studied. Objective To investigate the expression of TOP2A in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its prognosis. Methods The data set of hepatocellular carcinoma was downloaded from GEO database for differential gene analysis, and hub gene was identified by Cytoscape. GEPIA was used to verify the expression of HUB gene and evaluate its prognostic value. Then TOP2A was selected as the research object of this paper by combining literature and clinical sample results. Firstly, TIMER database was used to study TOP2A, and the differential expression of TOP2A gene between normal tissues and cancer tissues was analyzed, as well as the correlation between TOP2A gene expression and immune infiltration of HCC cells. Then, the expression of top2a-related antibodies was analyzed using the Human Protein Atlas database, and the differential expression of TOP2A was verified by immunohistochemistry. Then, SRTING database and Cytoscape were used to establish PPI network for TOP2A and protein–protein interaction analysis was performed. The Oncomine database and cBioPortal were used to express and identify TOP2A mutation-related analyses. The expression differences of TOP2A gene were identified by LinkedOmics, and the GO and KEGG pathways were analyzed in combination with related genes. Finally, Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was performed to analyze the clinical and prognosis of HCC patients. Results TOP2A may be a new biomarker and therapeutic target for hepatocellular carcinoma.


2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Wei Zhang ◽  
Bo Wang ◽  
Yilin Lin ◽  
Yang Yang ◽  
Zhen Zhang ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have emerged as vital regulators of the initiation and progression of diverse kinds of human cancers. In this study, we explored the role of hsa_circ_0000231 and its downstream pathway in CRC. Methods The expression profile of circRNAs in 5 pairs of CRC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were analyzed by Microarray. Quantitative real-time PCR and in situ hybridization and Base Scope Assay were used to determine the level and prognostic values of hsa_circ_0000231. Then, functional experiments in vitro and in vivo were performed to investigate the effects of hsa_circ_0000231 on cell proliferation. Mechanistically, fluorescent in situ hybridization, dual luciferase reporter assay, RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation experiments were performed to confirm the interaction between hsa_circ_0000231 and IGF2BP3 or has_miR-375. Results We acquired data through circRNA microarray profiles, showing that the expression of hsa_circ_0000231 was upregulated in CRC primary tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues, which was indicated poor prognosis of patients with CRC. Functional analysis indicated that inhibition of hsa_circ_0000231 in CRC cell lines could suppress CRC cell proliferation as well as tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. The mechanistic analysis showed that hsa_circ_0000231 might, on the one hand, act as a competing endogenous RNA of miR-375 to promote cyclin D2 (CCND2) and, on the other hand, bind to the IGF2BP3 protein to prevent CCND2 degradation. Conclusions The findings suggested that hsa_circ_0000231 facilitated CRC progression by sponging miR-375 or binding to IGF2BP3 to modulate CCND2, implying that hsa_circ_0000231 might be a potential new diagnostic and therapeutic biomarker of CRC.


Chemotherapy ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Cheng Yang ◽  
Na Xie ◽  
Zhifei Luo ◽  
Xiling Ruan ◽  
Yixin Zhang ◽  
...  

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> We investigated the function of cell division cycle 6 (CDC6) on the prognosis in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). <b><i>Methods:</i></b> CDC6 protein expression levels in 121 patients with colorectal cancer and adjacent normal mucosa were detected by immunohistochemistry. <b><i>Results:</i></b> Compared to adjacent normal tissues, CDC6 mRNA level was overexpressed in CRC tissues. Moreover, CDC6 protein levels were expressed up to 93.39% (113/121) in CRC tissues in the cell nucleus or cytoplasm. However, there were only 5.79% (7/121) in normal mucosal tissues with nuclear expression. CDC6 expression was significantly correlated with TNM stage and tumor metastasis. The 5-year survival rate was lower in the high CDC6 expression group than the low group. After silencing of CDC6 expression in SW620 cells, cell proliferation was slowed, the tumor clones were decreased, and the cell cycle was arrested in G1 phase. In multivariate analysis, increased CDC6 protein expression levels in colon cancer tissues were associated with cancer metastasis, TNM stage, and patient survival time. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> CDC6 is highly expressed in CRC, and downregulation of CDC6 can slow the growth of CRC cells in vitro. It is also an independent predictor for poor prognosis and may be a useful biomarker for targeted therapy and prognostic evaluation.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xuan Zhang ◽  
Tao Wu ◽  
Rong Ding ◽  
Rujia Qin ◽  
Yongchun Zhou ◽  
...  

Abstract Preceding studies have identified that noncoding RNA plays a significant role in the occurrence and development of tumors. Colorectal cancer (CRC) has attracted increasing attention due to its high incidence and mortality rate. Based on Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database analysis, it was found that compared with normal tissues, HNF1A-AS1 and INHBA were highly expressed in CRC tissues; miR-214 was relatively low expressed, and it is predicted to specifically target the3' untranslated region (3'UTR region) of INHBA. Besides, the result was consistent with the quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) verification results of 17 CRC cases and adjacent tissues collected clinically. Western Blot (WB) manifested that INHBA protein was highly expressed in CRC tissues, which was consistent with the results of CRC cell lines (HT29, SW480). Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining demonstrated that INHBA protein was brownish yellow, overwhelming majority of INHBA protein were located in the cytoplasm, and expression level was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues. Based on previous studies, the biological process of INHBA-mediated TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway inducing the proliferation and invasion of CRC has been partially confirmed, but the upstream signaling molecules and mechanisms which regulating INHBA remain unclear. Herein, benefiting from bioinformatics, preliminary experimental results and previous research, they provide basis for the follow-up study on the regulation of HNF1A-AS1/miR-214/INHBA signal axis in CRC.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yu Sun ◽  
Jun Zhao

Abstract Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death in the world. The mechanism is not fully elucidated and the therapeutic effect is also unsatisfactory. In our study, we aim to find new target gene in pan-cancer.Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was screened out in various types of cancers from GEO database. The expression of DEG (TCEAL2) in tumor cell lines, normal tissues and tumor tissues was calculated. Then the clinical characteristics, DNA methylation, tumor infiltration and gene enrichment of TCEAL2 was studied. Results: TCEAL2 expressions were down-regulated in most cancers. Its expression and methylation were positively or negatively associated with prognosis in different cancers. The tumor infiltration results revealed that TCEAL2 was significantly related with many immune cells especially NK cells and immune-related genes in majority cancers. Furthermore, tau protein and tubulin binding were involved in the molecular function mechanisms of TCEAL2. Conclusion: TCEAL2 may be a novel prognostic marker in different cancers and may affect tumor through immune infiltration.


Diagnostics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 198
Author(s):  
Rashidah Baharudin ◽  
Muhiddin Ishak ◽  
Azliana Muhamad Yusof ◽  
Sazuita Saidin ◽  
Saiful Effendi Syafruddin ◽  
...  

The aims were to profile the DNA methylation in colorectal cancer (CRC) and to explore cancer-specific methylation biomarkers. Fifty-four pairs of CRCs and the adjacent normal tissues were subjected to Infinium Human Methylation 450K assay and analysed using ChAMP R package. A total of 26,093 differentially methylated probes were identified, which represent 6156 genes; 650 probes were hypermethylated, and 25,443 were hypomethylated. Hypermethylated sites were common in CpG islands, while hypomethylated sites were in open sea. Most of the hypermethylated genes were associated with pathways in cancer, while the hypomethylated genes were involved in the PI3K-AKT signalling pathway. Among the identified differentially methylated probes, we found evidence of four potential probes in CRCs versus adjacent normal; HOXA2 cg06786372, OPLAH cg17301223, cg15638338, and TRIM31 cg02583465 that could serve as a new biomarker in CRC since these probes were aberrantly methylated in CRC as well as involved in the progression of CRC. Furthermore, we revealed the potential of promoter methylation ADHFE1 cg18065361 in differentiating the CRC from normal colonic tissue from the integrated analysis. In conclusion, aberrant DNA methylation is significantly involved in CRC pathogenesis and is associated with gene silencing. This study reports several potential important methylated genes in CRC and, therefore, merit further validation as novel candidate biomarker genes in CRC.


2022 ◽  
pp. 1-16
Author(s):  
Rui Fu ◽  
Xinxia Luo ◽  
Yan Ding ◽  
Shiwen Guo

<b><i>Objective:</i></b> Methyltransferase-like 7B (METTL7B) is a member of methyltransferase-like family. Little is known about the exact role of METTL7B in cancer. This study aims to investigate the role of METTL7B in gliomas. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> The expression of METTL7B in glioma and adjacent normal tissues were examined by using TCGA, Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database, and clinical tissues. <b><i>Results:</i></b> The results showed that METTL7B was highly expressed in glioma. Patients with high levels of METTL7B usually had poor survival in glioma, especially in low-grade glioma (LGG). Data from CGGA showed that METTL7B was an independent risk factor of glioma and can be used to evaluate the survival time of glioma patients. Hypomethylation in the METTL7B CpG islands was lower in LGG, and all the hypomethylated METTL7B islands were correlated with poor LGG survival. Furthermore, METTL7B levels were correlated with high numbers of tumor infiltrated immune cells in glioma, especially in LGG. ). Gene Set Enrichment Analysis found METTL7B was correlated with leukocyte proliferation, T-cell proliferation, peptidase activity, lymphocyte activation, etc. TCGA and CGGA database analysis showed that there were 1,546 and 1,117 genes that had a synergistic effect with METTL7B in glioma, respectively, and there were 372 genes overlapped between the 2 groups, including PD-L1. Data from clinical tissues also showed PD-L1 was highly expressed in glioma tissues and was positively correlated with METTL7B. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> Our study suggested that METTL7B was a potential prognostic biomarker for glioma and other cancers, and it may act as an oncogenic driver and may be a potential therapeutic target in human cancer, especially in LGG.


Pharmaceutics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 193
Author(s):  
Taotao Huo ◽  
Wenshuai Li ◽  
Dong Liang ◽  
Rongqin Huang

An ideal cancer diagnostic probe should possess precise tumor-targeted accumulation with negligible sojourn in normal tissues. Herein, tumor cell-derived carbon nanodots (C-CNDU87 and C-CNDHepG2) about 3~7 nm were prepared by a solvothermal method with stable fluorescence and negligible cytotoxicity. More interestingly, due to the differences in gene expression of cancers, C-CND structurally mimicked the corresponding precursors during carbonization in which carbon nanodots were functionalized with α-amino and carboxyl groups with different densities on their edges. With inherent homology and homing effect, C-CND were highly enriched in precursor tumor tissues. Mechanistic studies showed that under the mediation of the original configuration of α-amino and carboxyl groups, C-CND specifically bound to the large neutral amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1, overexpressed in cancer cells), achieving specific tumor fluorescence imaging. This work provided a new vision about tumor cell architecture-mimicked carbon nanodots for tumor-targeted fluorescence imaging.


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