design phase
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 309 ◽  
pp. 118476
W.M. Pabasara Upalakshi Wijeratne ◽  
Tharushi Imalka Samarasinghalage ◽  
Rebecca Jing Yang ◽  
Ron Wakefield

Buildings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 73
Fernanda Rodrigues ◽  
João Santos Baptista ◽  
Débora Pinto

The construction industry has one of the highest occupational accident incidence rates among all economic sectors. Currently, building information modelling (BIM) appears to be a valuable tool for analysing occupational safety issues throughout the construction life cycle of projects, helping to avoid hazards and risks and, consequently, increasing safety. This work investigates BIM methodology and the application of related technologies for building safety planning and demonstrates the potential of this technology for the integrated implementation of safety measures during the design phase and construction site management. The first step consisted of a literature review on applying BIM-related technologies for safety in the design and planning phases. Following this, to show the potentialities of construction simulation, a case study based on BIM 4D to prevent falls from height was developed. With BIM 4D, it is possible to follow the construction process over time, giving the construction safety technicians, designers, supervisors and managers the capability to analyse, in each phase, the potential risks and identify which safety measures should be implemented. BIM can effectively integrate safety measures from the design phase to the construction and use phase and enable integrated safety planning within construction planning, leading to reliable safety management throughout the construction process.

Ahmed Haddar ◽  
Alain Daidie ◽  
Emmanuel Rodriguez ◽  
Louis Augustins

This work presented in this paper concerns the modeling of the tensile and bending behavior of bolts in an airplane wheel. The design of a very rigid airplane tire means that the airplane wheel must be separated into two parts. In order not to have a separation between the two parts, several bolts with high preload are used. The main objective of this work is to predict the mechanical behavior of this assembly in a preliminary design phase with geometrical and global mechanical data. To achieve this objective, a simplified semi-numerical 1D model is developed. The complex geometry of the wheels is modeled by axisymmetric elements, while beam elements define the geometries and mechanical behavior of the bolts. The model is improved in non-axisymmetric cases to include the ring effect due to the wheel ovalization. Different cases are simulated (inflation and rolling). For each load case, the most stressed fastener is examined. Then, a comparison between its static and fatigue stress results and those of the 3D finite element reference model considered is analyzed for the validation of the developed tool. The semi-numerical model is used in the preliminary design phase and permits the geometric and mechanical properties of the aircraft wheel and fasteners to be defined so as to find the best assembly configuration that prevents separation.

2022 ◽  
pp. 542-564
Sahana Prabhu Shankar ◽  
Harshit Agrawal ◽  
Naresh E.

Software design is a basic plan of all elements in the software, how they relate to each other in such a way that they meet the user requirements. In software development process, software design phase is an important phase as it gives a plan of what to do and how to do it during the implementation phase. As the technology is evolving and people's needs in the technological field are increasing, the development of software is becoming more complex. To make the development process somewhat easy, it is always better to have a plan which is followed throughout the process. In this way, many problems can be solved in the design phase, for which a number of tools and techniques are present. One is known as Design Patterns. In software engineering, a design pattern is a general solution to commonly occurring problems in software design. A design pattern isn't a finished design that can be transformed directly into code.

Lokesh Reddy Kancharla

In this project, we intend to design a Canard wing-based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), which can carry a wide range of missions, providing capabilities to handle our challenges with sophisticated care. Canard-based UAV is the latest trend in aviation technology designed for the use case of providing better maneuverability, which in result gives the UAV new capabilities, such as increased time for data gathering, transferring, and autonomous behavior. The basic disciplines like Aerodynamics, Engineering design, Flight dynamics, Propulsion, and Performance are carried out during the UAV designing process. The proposed methodology applied in this project is weight estimation, initial sizing, aerofoil and wing geometry, fuselage sizing, tail sizing, T/W ratio, aerodynamics, and performance analysis. The design of Canard Based UAV leads to a deeper understanding of the trade-off studies of the UAV and is demonstrated by optimizing for designed missions like surveillance. A drafted sketch is presented at the end of the design phase featuring the selected configurations of major components.

2022 ◽  
Vol 354 ◽  
pp. 00043
Lucian Moldovan ◽  
Mihai Magyari ◽  
Dragoș Fotău ◽  
Clementina Sabina Moldovan

When using electrical equipment in installations operating in hazardous areas endangered by potentially explosive atmospheres, care shall be taken also to the selection of such equipment. The correct selection of equipment for use in potentially explosive atmospheres must be considered in the design phase of an installation and verified in the mounting phase. Equipment intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres must be designed, manufactured and placed on the EU market considering the provisions of the ATEX Directive 2014/34/EU. In order to adequately select the electrical equipment, the provisions of the regulations in force must be considered together with the provisions of applicable standards.

2022 ◽  
Vol 354 ◽  
pp. 00005
Florin Ionel Burdea ◽  
Monica Crinela Burdea

Industrial explosive storage sites are considered to be areas of major risk to industrial, public and occupational safety and security, due to the possibility of major accidents, due to the nature of the explosive substances and due to the serious consequences of an explosion.on these sites. The explosion risk assessment for explosives depots requires an analysis of all possible occurrences of the initiating events that could lead to a potential explosion, followed by an analysis of security measures, all of which are quantified by the development of accident trees and sequences. for each possible trigger. This paper presents the principles of designing a specialized computer application in the field of explosion risk management at explosives depots for civilian use. This application allows to ensure the necessary premises for the elaboration, in objective and specific conditions, of the necessary documents for these types of technical infrastructures, from their design phase and the quantification of the degree of damage on the analyzed locations but also in the areas that are located.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 294
Chen Chen ◽  
Yangyang Gu

Passive intermodulation (PIM) generated from antennas is a nonlinear distortion phenomenon and causes serious problems to communication quality. Traditional radio frequency (RF) solutions focus on testing the final product to find the PIM source. However, it cannot solve the stability of PIM after the antenna is vibrated. This paper introduces a new method to improve the stability of PIM in the design phase. By studying the mechanism of PIM generation, a simulation method is proposed in this paper by applying mechanical finite element simulation and simulating the structural design of the device under test. Then, the stress at the PIM source is reduced, thereby the PIM stability of the product is improved. This paper adopts this method by studying a typical product, finding the root cause that affects the product PIM magnitude and stability, and optimizing its design. The PIM value of the new scheme is stable by making a prototype and testing. The method provided in this article can effectively improve product development efficiency and assist designers in avoiding the risks of PIM before the product’s manufacturing.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 6
Enyew Asres ◽  
Tewodros Ghebrab ◽  
Stephen Ekwaro-Osire

The conventional methodologies for the design of flexible pavements are not adequate in providing solutions that meet the diverse sustainability challenges. Therefore, developing new methodologies and frameworks for the design of flexible pavement has become a priority for most highway agencies. On the other hand, there is no sound sustainable flexible pavement framework at the design phase that considers the key engineering performance, environmental impact, and economic benefits of sustainability metrics. Hence, premature failure of flexible pavements has become a common problem leading to a growing demand for sustainable pavement. Pavement engineers need to have access to tools that permit them to design flexible pavements capable of providing sustainable solutions under various complex scenarios and uncertainties. Hence, the objective of this study was to develop a resilience analysis framework, probabilistic life cycle assessment (PLCA) framework, and probabilistic life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) framework as the pillars of sustainability. These frameworks were used to develop a single sustainable flexible pavement design framework. The developed framework enables highway agencies to effectively quantify the lifetime sustainability performance of flexible pavements during the design phase in terms of resilience, environmental sustainability, and economic sustainability; and it allows to select the optimum design by comparing alternative design options. The framework will enhance the durability of flexible pavement projects by minimizing the cost, operational disturbance, environmental impact, and supporting the design. Many countries, especially those that fully dependent on the road network as the primary transportation route, may benefit from the sustainability-based road network design, which could ensure dependable market accessibility. The resilience of such a road network may reduce the cost of business activities by minimizing the interruption in surface transportation due to the functional and structural failures resulting from extreme events.

Andrii Kopp ◽  
Dmytro Orlovskyi ◽  
Dorukhan Ersoyleyen

Applications architecture is the baseline of any organizational activity, which main goal is to provide the executional environment for businessprocesses in order to deliver products or services to satisfy customer needs and generate revenue. Nowadays, large software engineering projectsalways begin with the architecture design phase, despite the waterfall or agile methodology is used by a software development team. Applicationsarchitecture design is the most important and, at the same time, error-prone stage of the whole software engineering project. It is well-known thatdesign shortcomings made on the design phase may increase drastically to testing and maintenance phases. Further costs to defects fixing may behundred times higher in the later project stages in compare to the design stage on which applications architecture is defined. Common system designsolutions, which were proven on practice and used in many projects, are known as architectural patterns. Software architecture patterns are consideredas building block for system implementation. The most popular and efficient way to share architectural patterns are graphical models that used as anyother blueprints of engineering solutions. Applications architecture models are built to represent system design, whereas, such models are alreadybased on certain patterns as the industry best practices. Hence, in this paper we consider a relevant problem of applications architecture modelsanalysis, which relevance is defined by those fact that designed blueprints of information systems and other software solutions should be carefullychecked for all presumable inefficiencies in order to avoid extra efforts and related costs for defects fixing in the later project stages. It is proposed touse ArchiMate enterprise architecture modeling language, since it can be used not only to represent applications architecture, but is connection tobusiness and technology layers. In order to evaluate applications architecture models, respective ArchiMate metamodel is considered and representedas labeled directed graph, and coupling software metric is selected for analysis. Sample calculations are demonstrated, obtained results are discussed,conclusion and future work directions are formulated.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document