oocyte maturation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 100593
Maryam Javadi ◽  
Jafar Soleimani Rad ◽  
Maryam Pashaiasl ◽  
Mohammad Sadegh Gholami Farashah ◽  
Leila Roshangar

Cells ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 297
Zhi-Yong Yang ◽  
Min Ye ◽  
Ya-Xin Xing ◽  
Qi-Gui Xie ◽  
Jian-Hong Zhou ◽  

To address which mitochondria-related nuclear differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and related pathways are altered during human oocyte maturation, single-cell analysis was performed in three oocyte states: in vivo matured (M-IVO), in vitro matured (M-IVT), and failed to mature in vitro (IM-IVT). There were 691 DEGs and 16 mitochondria-related DEGs in the comparison of M-IVT vs. IM-IVT oocytes, and 2281 DEGs and 160 mitochondria-related DEGs in the comparison of M-IVT vs. M-IVO oocytes, respectively. The GO and KEGG analyses showed that most of them were involved in pathways such as oxidative phosphorylation, pyruvate metabolism, peroxisome, and amino acid metabolism, i.e., valine, leucine, isoleucine, glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism or degradation. During the progress of oocyte maturation, the metabolic pathway, which derives the main source of ATP, shifted from glucose metabolism to pyruvate and fatty acid oxidation in order to maintain a low level of damaging reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Although the immature oocytes could be cultured to a mature stage by an in vitro technique (IVM), there were still some differences in mitochondria-related regulations, which showed that the mitochondria were regulated by nuclear genes to compensate for their developmental needs. Meanwhile, the results indicated that the current IVM culture medium should be optimized to compensate for the special need for further development according to this disclosure, as it was a latent strategy to improve the effectiveness of the IVM procedure.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Zhaoyue Men ◽  
Meng Cao ◽  
Yuechan Gong ◽  
Lun Hua ◽  
Ruihao Zhang ◽  

Abstract Background Dietary fiber (DF) is often eschewed in swine diet due to its anti-nutritional effects, but DF is attracting growing attention for its reproductive benefits. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of DF intake level on oocyte maturation and uterine development, to determine the optimal DF intake for gilts, and gain microbial and metabolomic insight into the underlying mechanisms involved. Methods Seventy-six Landrace × Yorkshire (LY) crossbred replacement gilts of similar age (92.6 ± 0.6 d; mean ± standard deviation [SD]) and body weight (BW, 33.8 ± 3.9 kg; mean ± SD) were randomly allocated to 4 dietary treatment groups (n = 19); a basal diet without extra DF intake (DF 1.0), and 3 dietary groups ingesting an extra 50% (DF 1.5), 75% (DF 1.75), and 100% (DF 2.0) dietary fiber mixture consisting of inulin and cellulose (1:4). Oocyte maturation and uterine development were assessed on 19 d of the 2nd oestrous cycle. Microbial diversity of faecal samples was analysed by high-throughput pyrosequencing (16S rRNA) and blood samples were subjected to untargeted metabolomics. Results The rates of oocytes showing first polar bodies after in vitro maturation for 44 h and uterine development increased linearly with increasing DF intake; DF 1.75 gilts had a 19.8% faster oocyte maturation rate and a 48.9 cm longer uterus than DF 1.0 gilts (P <  0.05). Among the top 10 microbiota components at the phylum level, 8 increased linearly with increasing DF level, and the relative abundance of 30 of 53 microbiota components at the genus level (> 0.1%) increased linearly or quadratically with increasing DF intake. Untargeted metabolic analysis revealed significant changes in serum metabolites that were closely associated with microbiota, including serotonin, a gut-derived signal that stimulates oocyte maturation. Conclusions The findings provide evidence of the benefits of increased DF intake by supplementing inulin and cellulose on oocyte maturation and uterine development in gilts, and new microbial and metabolomic insight into the mechanisms mediating the effects of DF on reproductive performance of replacement gilts.

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 86
Yuya Hasegawa ◽  
Ryohei Surugaya ◽  
Shinji Adachi ◽  
Shigeho Ijiri

In several teleosts, 17α, 20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP) has been identified as a maturation-inducing steroid. DHP is synthesized from 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) by 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 12-like (hsd17b12L). Along with 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Δ5-4 isomerase (3β-HSD), 17α-hydroxylase and C17-20 lyase are associated with 17OHP production. This study aimed to determine the roles of Amur sturgeon hsd3b, P450c17-I (cyp17a1), and P450c17-II (cyp17a2) in 17OHP production and to examine their enzyme activity and mRNA expression pattern during oocyte maturation. In the sturgeons used in this study, hsd3b encoded 3β-HSD, cyp17a1 catalyzed 17α-hydroxylase production with C17-20 lyase activity, and cyp17a2 processed 17α-hydroxylase activity alone. In the ovarian follicles of individuals that underwent induced ovulation, hsd3b mRNA levels increased rapidly, cyp17a1 expression was downregulated, and cyp17a2 expression was upregulated during oocyte maturation. Finally, an in vitro study revealed that salmon pituitary extract (SPE) stimulation rapidly induced hsd3b expression, whereas cyp17a1 expression was downregulated. In vitro, cyp17a2 expression did not rapidly increase with SPE stimulation. This rapid upregulation of hsd3b during oocyte maturation was first observed in teleosts. It was suggested that hsd17b12L expression is upregulated after 17OHP production, which is regulated by hsd3b, cyp17a1, and cyp17a2, resulting in DHP production.

Yan Chen ◽  
Ruilin Zeng ◽  
Jiayi Kou ◽  
Xianrong Xiong ◽  
Yin Yao ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 34 (2) ◽  
pp. 305
M. D. Sebopela ◽  
M. L. Mphaphathi ◽  
S. M. Sithole ◽  
T. L. Nedambale

Aquaculture ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 546 ◽  
pp. 737374
Emilien Segret ◽  
Emilie Cardona ◽  
Sandrine Skiba-Cassy ◽  
Frédéric Cachelou ◽  
Julien Bobe

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