single cell analysis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 101047
Poornima Bhat-Nakshatri ◽  
Natascia Marino ◽  
Hongyu Gao ◽  
Yunlong Liu ◽  
Anna Maria Storniolo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 65 ◽  
pp. 102094
Alexandre P. Marand ◽  
Robert J. Schmitz

Zixi Chen ◽  
Beixin Mo ◽  
Anping Lei ◽  
Jiangxin Wang

Cells ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 297
Zhi-Yong Yang ◽  
Min Ye ◽  
Ya-Xin Xing ◽  
Qi-Gui Xie ◽  
Jian-Hong Zhou ◽  

To address which mitochondria-related nuclear differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and related pathways are altered during human oocyte maturation, single-cell analysis was performed in three oocyte states: in vivo matured (M-IVO), in vitro matured (M-IVT), and failed to mature in vitro (IM-IVT). There were 691 DEGs and 16 mitochondria-related DEGs in the comparison of M-IVT vs. IM-IVT oocytes, and 2281 DEGs and 160 mitochondria-related DEGs in the comparison of M-IVT vs. M-IVO oocytes, respectively. The GO and KEGG analyses showed that most of them were involved in pathways such as oxidative phosphorylation, pyruvate metabolism, peroxisome, and amino acid metabolism, i.e., valine, leucine, isoleucine, glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism or degradation. During the progress of oocyte maturation, the metabolic pathway, which derives the main source of ATP, shifted from glucose metabolism to pyruvate and fatty acid oxidation in order to maintain a low level of damaging reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Although the immature oocytes could be cultured to a mature stage by an in vitro technique (IVM), there were still some differences in mitochondria-related regulations, which showed that the mitochondria were regulated by nuclear genes to compensate for their developmental needs. Meanwhile, the results indicated that the current IVM culture medium should be optimized to compensate for the special need for further development according to this disclosure, as it was a latent strategy to improve the effectiveness of the IVM procedure.

Nabih Maslah ◽  
Emmanuelle Verger ◽  
Stéphane Giraudier ◽  
Mathias Chea ◽  
Ronald Hoffman ◽  

The mechanisms of transformation of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) to leukemia are largely unknown but TP53mutations acquisition is considered a key event in this process. P53 is a main tumor suppressor but mutations in this protein per se do not confer a proliferative advantage to the cells and a selection process is needed for the expansion of mutant clones. MDM2 inhibitors may rescue normal p53 from degradation and have been evaluated in a variety of cancers with promising results. However the impact of these drugs on TP53 mutated cells is underexplored. We report herein evidence of a direct effect of MDM2 inhibition on the selection of MPN patients' cells harboring TP53 mutations. To decipher whether these mutations can arise in a specific molecular context we used a DNA single cell approach to determine the clonal architecture of TP53 mutated cells. We observed that TP53 mutations are late events in MPN mainly occurring in the driver clone while clonal evolution frequently consists of sequential branching instead of linear consecutive acquisition of mutations in the same clone. At the single cell level the presence of additional mutations does not influence the selection of TP53 mutant cells by MDM2 inhibitor treatment. Also, we describe an in vitro test allowing to predict the emergence of TP53 mutated clones. Altogether, this is the first demonstration that a drug treatment can directly favor the emergence of TP53-mutated subclones in MPN.

Blood ◽  
2022 ◽  
Noelia Purroy Zuriguel ◽  
Yuzhou Evelyn Tong ◽  
Camilla K. Lemvigh ◽  
Nicoletta Cieri ◽  
Shuqiang Li ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Hanbing Song ◽  
Hannah N. W. Weinstein ◽  
Paul Allegakoen ◽  
Marc H. Wadsworth ◽  
Jamie Xie ◽  

AbstractProstate cancer is the second most common malignancy in men worldwide and consists of a mixture of tumor and non-tumor cell types. To characterize the prostate cancer tumor microenvironment, we perform single-cell RNA-sequencing on prostate biopsies, prostatectomy specimens, and patient-derived organoids from localized prostate cancer patients. We uncover heterogeneous cellular states in prostate epithelial cells marked by high androgen signaling states that are enriched in prostate cancer and identify a population of tumor-associated club cells that may be associated with prostate carcinogenesis. ERG-negative tumor cells, compared to ERG-positive cells, demonstrate shared heterogeneity with surrounding luminal epithelial cells and appear to give rise to common tumor microenvironment responses. Finally, we show that prostate epithelial organoids harbor tumor-associated epithelial cell states and are enriched with distinct cell types and states from their parent tissues. Our results provide diagnostically relevant insights and advance our understanding of the cellular states associated with prostate carcinogenesis.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261242
Kai Huang ◽  
Catherine Wang ◽  
Christen Vagts ◽  
Vanitha Raguveer ◽  
Patricia W. Finn ◽  

Hyperactive and damaging inflammation is a hallmark of severe rather than mild Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To uncover key inflammatory differentiators between severe and mild COVID-19, we applied an unbiased single-cell transcriptomic analysis. We integrated two single-cell RNA-seq datasets with COVID-19 patient samples, one that sequenced bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells and one that sequenced peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The combined cell population was then analyzed with a focus on genes associated with disease severity. The immunomodulatory long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) NEAT1 and MALAT1 were highly differentially expressed between mild and severe patients in multiple cell types. Within those same cell types, the concurrent detection of other severity-associated genes involved in cellular stress response and apoptosis regulation suggests that the pro-inflammatory functions of these lncRNAs may foster cell stress and damage. Thus, NEAT1 and MALAT1 are potential components of immune dysregulation in COVID-19 that may provide targets for severity related diagnostic measures or therapy.

Bone Research ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
Junxin Lin ◽  
Yuwei Yang ◽  
Wenyan Zhou ◽  
Chao Dai ◽  
Xiao Chen ◽  

AbstractTendon heterotopic ossification (HO) is characterized by bone formation inside tendon tissue, which severely debilitates people in their daily life. Current therapies fail to promote functional tissue repair largely due to our limited understanding of HO pathogenesis. Here, we investigate the pathological mechanism and propose a potential treatment method for HO. Immunofluorescence assays showed that the Mohawk (MKX) expression level was decreased in human tendon HO tissue, coinciding with spontaneous HO and the upregulated expression of osteochondrogenic and angiogenic genes in the tendons of Mkx−/− mice. Single-cell RNA sequencing analyses of wild-type and Mkx−/− tendons identified three cell types and revealed the excessive activation of osteochondrogenic genes during the tenogenesis of Mkx−/− tendon cells. Single-cell analysis revealed that the gene expression program of angiogenesis, which is strongly associated with bone formation, was activated in all cell types during HO. Moreover, inhibition of angiogenesis by the small-molecule inhibitor BIBF1120 attenuated bone formation and angiogenesis in the Achilles tendons of both Mkx mutant mice and a rat traumatic model of HO. These findings provide new insights into the cellular mechanisms of tendon HO and highlight the inhibition of angiogenesis with BIBF1120 as a potential treatment strategy for HO.

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