life quality
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Xin Liu ◽  
Hua Pan

The purpose is to provide a more reliable human-computer interaction (HCI) guarantee for animation works under virtual reality (VR) technology. Inspired by artificial intelligence (AI) technology and based on the convolutional neural network—support vector machine (CNN-SVM), the differences between animation works under VR technology and traditional animation works are analyzed through a comprehensive analysis of VR technology. The CNN-SVM gesture recognition algorithm using the error correction strategy is designed based on HCI recognition. To have better recognition performance, the advantages of depth image and color image are combined, and the collected information is preprocessed including the relations between the times of image training iterations and the accuracy of different methods in the direction of the test set. After experiments, the maximum accuracy of the preprocessed image can reach 0.86 showing the necessity of image preprocessing. The recognition accuracy of the optimized CNN-SVM is compared with other algorithm models. Experiments show that the accuracy of the optimized CNN-SVM has an upward trend compared with the previous CNN-SVM, and the accuracy reaches 0.97. It proves that the designed algorithm can provide good technical support for VR animation, so that VR animation works can interact well with the audience. It is of great significance for the development of VR animation and the improvement of people’s artistic life quality.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Author(s):  
Ke Niu ◽  
Qingzhi Zhai ◽  
Wensheng Fan ◽  
Li’an Li ◽  
Wen Yang ◽  
...  

Objective. The aim is to investigate the efficiency and outcome of robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy (RASC) in a cohort of patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in our Gynecology Department. Methods. We performed a retrospective study of female patients who underwent RASC in Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2013 to December 2020. Their clinical features included age, degree of prolapse, menopause time, body mass index, pregnancy, delivery, operation time, and bleeding volume. All patients were followed up for more than 6 months. POP-Q was recorded to evaluate the position of prolapsed organs. PFDI-20, PFIQ-7, and PGI-I were used to evaluate the life quality after surgery. Results. Twenty-four patients with POP received RASC in our center. The intraoperative bleeding was 86.9 ± 98.3 ml (20–300 ml). The operation time was 143.5 ± 47.3 min (60–240 minutes). The hospitalization time was 10.4 ± 2.1 days (8–16 days). And the follow-up time was 40.8 ± 22.0 months (6–72 months). In the POP-Q follow-up, postoperative Aa, Ba, Ap, Bp, and C were significantly improved than those before surgery ( P < 0.05 ). The objective and subjective cure rate was 100%. PGI-I score was very good in 9 (9/24), very good in 10 (10/24), and good in 3 (3/24). Postoperative PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 were 2.78 ± 3.82 and 1.57 ± 3.86, which decreased dramatically after surgery ( P < 0.05 ). Mesh exposure occurred in 4 cases (16.7%) at 2–12 months. The exposed diameters were less than 1 cm in 3 cases (2 A/T3/S1) and 1-2 cm in 1 case (3 B/T3/S1). These mesh exposures healed after conservative observation or mesh excision. Conclusion. RASC for POP has the advantage of less bleeding and hospitalization time. It is a minimally invasive option for pelvic organ prolapse.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
YASEMİN CEYHAN ◽  
PINAR TEKİNSOY KARTIN

Abstract Background: Severe dyspnea and poor quality of life are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The most important reason for this situation is the wrong applications in inhaler treatment. In addition, inhaler treatments that supporting non-pharmacological methods increases the effectiveness of the drug. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of breathing exercises and inhaler training for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients on the severity of dyspnea and life quality.Methods: The research is a randomized controlled trial. A total of 67 with COPD who complied. The patients who were randomized in two groups that Intervention 1 group were given pursed lip breathing exercise and inhaler training and Intervention 2 group were given only inhaler training. A follow-up after 4 weeks was carried out in both groups. Patient outcomes in both groups were COPD assessment test (CAT), Modified medical research council (mMRC), and St. George's respiratory questionnaire scales (SGRQ). This study followed CONSORT checklist for randomized conrolled trials. In data analysis independent t, Mann-Whitney U, ANOVA, Wilcoxon analysis, and Pearson Chi-square tests were used.Results: Pursed lips exercise and inhaler drug use skills of patients in the both group increased (p<0.001). The median value of the CAT and mMRC scores are is statistically significant for both groups (p<0.005). The mean of life quality scores of patients in both groups decreased and this result was found statistically significant in all sub-dimensions and in the total scale score for two groups (p<0.001). Although the increase in the quality of life and the decrease in the severity of dyspnea of the patients in both groups were significant, the two groups were not superior to each other (p>0.05).Conclusions: As a result of the study, it was found that the skill of applying inhaler and life quality of the patients increased, the severity of dyspnea decreased. Supporting inhaler treatments with non-pharmacological methods can increase drug efficacy and quality of life. Trial Registration: Clinical Trial Registry registration number: NCT04739488. Registered on 21 Feb 2021.


2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sedigheh Abdollahpour ◽  
Abbas Heydari ◽  
Hosein Ebrahimipour ◽  
Farhad Faridhoseini ◽  
Talat Khadivzadeh

Abstract Background A Near Miss Mother (NMM) who survives life-threatening conditions, experiences intense physical, emotional, and psychological consequences following the maternal near-miss (MNM) events. The aim of this study was therefore to explore indepth understanding meaning of NMM everyday lived experiences on the social and cultural background of Iran. Methods This qualitative study utilized a hermeneutic phenomenology procedure. The study was conducted in hospitals affiliated with the Educational, Research and Treatment Centerwhich usually handle the NMMs. The sampling was purposeful with a maximum variation of eleven NMMs. Datawere collected using unstructured face-to-face interviews, and thetranscribed data were analyzed using Diekelmann, Allen, and Tanner’s seven-stage thematic analysis approach. Results "Death-stricken survivor mother" was the central emerged theme, and three extracted sub-themes included: "Distorted psyche on a journey to death", "physical destruction due to an ominous event ", and the "vicissitudinous life after reviving ". These sub-themes, in turn, involved 12 sub-themes that emerged from 38 common meanings and 1200 codes. Conclusions Findings demonstrate that the living conditions of NMMs are mixed in all aspects of the MNM event. They need a supportive program that includes additional follow-up visits, psychological support from the time of hospitalization until long-time after discharge, alleviation of social, sexual, and financial worries to return them to the normal life, as well as psychosocial rehabilitation to increase their life quality. Furthermore, post-discharge care in NMMs should be done actively and directly at their homes.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Pei-Rong Gao ◽  
Chi-Hui Wang ◽  
Yu-Jr Lin ◽  
Yu-Huei Huang ◽  
Ya-Ching Chang ◽  
...  

AbstractThe automated blister epidermal micrograft (ABEM) is a newly introduced surgical transplantation for refractory vitiligo. Comparative analysis of other surgical methods is lacking. We conducted a retrospective study to compare the efficacy, safety, and experience of ABEM with conventional suction blister epidermal graft (SBEG). A total of 118 anatomically based vitiligo lesions from 75 patients were included. The primary outcome was the degree of repigmentation; the patient and operator experience were evaluated. SBEG had a significantly greater incidence of repigmentation (p < 0.001), as measured by the Physician Global Assessment, as well as improvements in the Vitiligo Area Scoring Index, particularly on the face/neck area (p < 0.001). ABEM, on the contrary, had reduced donor harvest time, a better patient operative experience, and more significant Dermatology Life Quality Index improvements. In a subgroup of 38 lesions from ten patients who received both SBEG and ABEM concomitantly, there was no difference in the degree of repigmentation in the same recipient area. Overall, the degree of repigmentation for SBEG is higher than ABEM, especially in the mobilized region, and the cost is less expensive. On the contrary, ABEM requires less procedure learning curve and can supply a greater transplanting zone with shorter donor site recovery. Understanding the benefits and drawbacks of two blister grafting procedures is essential for optimal surgical outcomes for vitiligo grafting.


2022 ◽  
pp. 039156032110690
Author(s):  
Özlem Gözlersüzer ◽  
Bestami Yalvaç ◽  
Basri Çakıroğlu

Objective: Magnetic stimulation (MS) provides a novel strategy for the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI), although its efficacy remains uncertain. This systematic review both evaluated the effects of MS treatment on UI and investigated its impacts on female patients’ life quality. Methods: A review of the literature that was conducted in EMBASE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library (2016–2021) with the search terms; Incontinence of stress OR urge of urination OR Urinary incontinence mixed type. The search was carried out for all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in English. A manual search has also been conducted for the reference lists of the studies found. Seven studies, with a total of 523 patients (475 patients with SUI), 12 urge urinary incontinence. The study included patients with (UUI) and 36 patients with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). A total of 10 male patients were excluded from the study. In the included studies, The International Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form was used to investigate the effects of MS therapy on UI symptoms (ICIQ-SF). Results: According to the literature review, MS is an effective therapy option for female patients with UI. Still, to establish the efficacy of MS in this area, more large-scale, high-quality RCTs with extended follow-up periods that use consistent stimulation modalities and evaluate comparable outcomes are needed. Conclusion: MS treatment leads to an improvement in the symptoms of UI, in addition to an associated Improved quality of life for patients, without any reported side effects, while the longer-term treatment outcomes must be determined by long-term trials.


2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (8) ◽  
pp. 3086
Author(s):  
D. A. Feshchenko ◽  
G. S. Zasypkin ◽  
B. A. Rudenko ◽  
D. K. Vasiliev ◽  
F. B. Shukurov ◽  
...  

Patients with clinically significant infrarenal abdominal aortic atherosclerosis are often encountered in the clinical practice of vascular and endovascular surgeons. In the absence of timely treatment, the ability to work and life quality of patients are sharply reduced, and in some cases, patients require limb amputation. Until recently, the only treatment option for such a lesion was an open surgery. However, a good skill level of endovascular surgeons and the device availability allow today to perform minimally invasive operations with comparable effectiveness and greater safety in comparison with open surgery. We present a case report of successful endovascular treatment of aortic occlusion involving the right and left common and external iliac arteries using Culotte stenting technique with further 12-month follow-up.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. e30411124771
Author(s):  
Elaine Izabel da Silva Cruz ◽  
Aline Helena da Silva Cruz ◽  
Rômulo Alberto Silva Marques ◽  
Rodrigo da Silva Santos ◽  
Angela Adamski da Silva Reis

Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity in the globe, with more than half of patients reporting pain as a result of the disease. By reducing cancer-related pain, dance has the potential to redefine the life of patients independently of their cure prognosis. This review investigated the benefits of dance as adjuvant, non-pharmacological therapy for cancer treatment. To identify studies related to this topic, we searched the Cochrane Library, PUBMED, Scielo, BVS, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases. However, we found few published systematic reports investigating the effects of dance in cancer treatment. The numbers are even smaller when we considered the relationship between dance and cancer pain. Although there is a small number of publications on this theme, we reviewed studies that indicate that there is a positive relationship between dance practice and cancer pain management. Moreover, we found that the decline of pain contributed to the better life quality of patients with cancer. We concluded that dance is a physical practice that may improve patients’ quality of life. Regarding the estimations of cancer diagnosis and pain during disease development and therapy, it is fundamental new studies and clinical trials that integrate dance as adjuvant therapy for improving cancer pain and patient’s life quality.


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