Nano Silica
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2022 ◽  
Vol 321 ◽  
pp. 126362
Pian Chen ◽  
Baoguo Ma ◽  
Hongbo Tan ◽  
Ying Su ◽  
Zihao Jin ◽  

Pranav Andraskar

Abstract: Concrete is the most common used material for construction &their design consumes almost the total cement production in the world. The use of large quantities of cement produces increasing CO2 emission and as a consequence the greenhouse effect. A method to reduce the cement content in the concrete mixes is the use of GGBS, Metakaolin Nano-Silica. This project aims to present the state of GGBS, Metakaolin& Nano-Silica's effect on the workability and mechanical properties of concrete and to find out the economy of the experiment as compared to convential concrete. Concrete has occupied an important place in construction industry in the past few decades and it is used widely in all types of constructions ranging from small buildings to large infrastructural dams or reservoirs.. Keywords: GGBFS, Mechanical Properties, Workability, Economy

2022 ◽  
Hemn Unis Ahmed ◽  
Ahmed S. Mohammed ◽  
Azad A. Mohammed

Abstract Geopolymers are innovative cementitious materials that can completely replace traditional Portland cement composites and have a lower carbon footprint than Portland cement. Recent efforts have been made to incorporate various nanomaterials, most notably nano-silica (nS), into geopolymer concrete (GPC) to improve the composite's properties and performance. Compression strength (CS) is one of the essential properties of all types of concrete composites, including geopolymer concrete. As a result, creating a credible model for forecasting concrete CS is critical for saving time, energy, and money, as well as providing guidance for scheduling the construction process and removing formworks. This paper presents a large amount of mixed design data correlated to mechanical strength using empirical correlations and neural networks. Several models, including artificial neural network, M5P-tree, linear regression, nonlinear regression, and multilogistic regression models were utilized to create models for forecasting the CS of GPC incorporated nS. In this case, about 207 tested CS values were collected from literature studies and then analyzed to promote the models. For the first time, eleven effective variables were employed as input model parameters during the modeling process, including the alkaline solution to binder ratio, binder content, fine and coarse aggregate content, NaOH and Na2SiO3 content, Na2SiO3/NaOH ratio, molarity, nS content, curing temperatures, and ages. The developed models were assessed using different statistical tools such as RMSE, MAE, SI, OBJ value, and R2. Results revealed that the ANN model estimated the CS of GPC incorporated nS more accurately than the other models. On the other hand, the alkaline solution to binder ratio, molarity, NaOH content, curing temperature, and ages were those parameters that have significant influences on the CS of GPC incorporated nS.

2022 ◽  
Vol 29 (2) ◽  
Ahmed M.A. El Naggar ◽  
Ahmed G. Soliman ◽  
Mahmoud R. Noor El-Din ◽  
Ahmed M. Ramadan ◽  
Mohamed A. Youssef

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Xueping Guo ◽  
Wenjing Mo ◽  
Dingyang Zhang ◽  
Yurong Wang ◽  
Fang Cao ◽  

In this study, a spherical silica nanoparticle was explored as a gatifloxacin carrier synthesized by the chemical precipitation method. It was found that there was no new chemical bond formation during the loading process between gatifloxacin and silica, which implies that the binding was driven by physical interaction. In addition, the drug loading and encapsulation efficiency could be improved by appropriately increasing nano-silica content in the loading process. Meanwhile, the release rate of gatifloxacin after loading nano-silica was also improved, suggesting the successful design of a controlled-release delivery composite. The silica nanocarrier could significantly improve the antibacterial performance of Escherichia coli by 2.1 times, which was higher than the pure gatifloxacin. The 24 h bacteriostatic rate was higher than that of a simple mixture of silica nanoparticles and gatifloxacin. Strong reactive oxygen species (ROS) in GAT-SiO2 NPs suggests that ROS might be associated with bactericidal activity. The synergy between the physicochemical effect and ROS production of this material is proposed as the mechanism of its antibacterial activity, which can also be confirmed by the cell membrane damage observed under electron microscopy and DNA damage experiments. Collectively, our finding indicates that nano-silica microspheres could serve as a promising carrier for the sustained release of gatifloxacin, thereby providing a new carrier design scheme for the improvement of the antibacterial effect.

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