single crystals
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2022 ◽  
Vol 375 ◽  
pp. 115836
Author(s):  
M.A. Borik ◽  
A.S. Chislov ◽  
G.M. Korableva ◽  
A.V. Kulebyakin ◽  
I.E. Kuritsyna ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 306 ◽  
pp. 122809
Author(s):  
M. Tillard ◽  
D. Granier ◽  
C. Reibel ◽  
L. Daenens ◽  
P. Armand

Author(s):  
Valeria Murgulov ◽  
Catherine Schweinle ◽  
Michael Daub ◽  
Harald Hillebrecht ◽  
Michael Fiederle ◽  
...  

AbstractSingle crystals of lead-free halide double perovskite Cs2AgBiBr6 sensor material manifest a remarkable potential for application in radiation detection and imaging. In this study, the purity and crystallinity of solution-grown Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals with cubic Fm$$\overline{3}$$ 3 ¯ m symmetry have been corroborated by powder XRD measurements, while the single crystal XRD patterns reveal the dominant {111} lattice planes parallel to the sample surfaces. A wider range of lower resistivity values (106–109 Ωcm) was obtained from the I-V measurements compared to the 1.55 × 109–6.65 × 1010 Ωcm values from the van der Pauw method, which is typically higher for the Ag than for the carbon paint electrodes. Charge-carrier mobility values estimated from the SCLC method for the carbon paint-Cs2AgBiBr6 (1.90–4.82 cm2V−1 s−1) and the Ag-Cs2AgBiBr6 (0.58–4.54 cm2V−1 s−1) including the density of trap states (109–1010 cm−3) are comparable. Similar values of 1.89 cm2V−1 s−1 and 2.36 cm2V−1 s−1 are derived from the Hall effect measurements for a sample with carbon and Ag electrodes, respectively. The key electrical parameters including the X-ray photoresponse measurements indicate that the Cs2AgBiBr6 samples synthesized in this study satisfy requirements for radiation sensors. Graphical abstract


Crystals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 111
Author(s):  
Sergey P. Zimin ◽  
Nikolai N. Kolesnikov ◽  
Ildar I. Amirov ◽  
Viktor V. Naumov ◽  
Egor S. Gorlachev ◽  
...  

The nanostructuring of the (100) PbS single crystal surface was studied under varying argon plasma treatment conditions. The initial PbS single crystals were grown by high-pressure vertical zone melting, cut into wafer samples, and polished. Subsequently, the PbS single crystals were treated with inductively coupled argon plasma under varying treatment parameters such as ion energy and sputtering time. Plasma treatment with ions at a minimum energy of 25 eV resulted in the formation of nanotips with heights of 30–50 nm. When the ion energy was increased to 75–200 eV, two types of structures formed on the surface: high submicron cones and arrays of nanostructures with various shapes. In particular, the 120 s plasma treatment formed specific cruciform nanostructures with lateral orthogonal elements oriented in four <100> directions. In contrast, plasma treatment with an ion energy of 75 eV for 180 s led to the formation of submicron quasi-spherical lead structures with diameters of 250–600 nm. The nanostructuring mechanisms included a surface micromasking mechanism with lead formation and the vapor–liquid–solid mechanism, with liquid lead droplets acting as self-forming micromasks and growth catalysts depending on the plasma treatment conditions (sputtering time and rate).


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mikhail A. Semkin ◽  
Natalia V. Urusova ◽  
Anatoly I. Beskrovnyi ◽  
Aleksey Volegov ◽  
Alexander P. Nosov ◽  
...  

Abstract The LiNiPO4, LiNi0.9Mn0.1PO4, and LiNi0.9Co0.1PO4 single crystals are studied with heat capacity and neutron diffraction measurements over the temperature interval (10–30) K. Two peaks are observed on the temperature dependence of heat capacity for LiNiPO4, and LiNi0.9Co0.1PO4 samples. One peak indicates the first order phase transition from an antiferromagnetic commensurate (C) structure to an incommensurate (IC) one upon heating. According to neutron diffraction, in LiNiPO4 the IC ordering is described by the propagation vector k = 2π/b(0, 0.080, 0) at the Néel temperature T N = 20.8 K, and k = 2π/b(0, 0.098, 0) at T N = 20.2(1) K for LiNi0.9Co0.1PO4. A further increase in temperature leads to the second order phase transition to a paramagnetic state at critical temperature T IC = 21.7 K and 21.1 K for LiNiPO4 and LiNi0.9Co0.1PO4, respectively. The C and IC phases coexist over the temperature interval (20.6–20.8) K and (20.2–21.2) K in LiNiPO4 and LiNi0.9Co0.1PO4, respectively. In the LiNi0.9Mn0.1PO4 the magnetic phase transition occurs at T N = 22.7 K, but a magnetic scattering is observed up to 24.6 K.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Gan Zhang ◽  
Venkata Jayasurya Yallapragada ◽  
Michal Shemesh ◽  
Avital Wagner ◽  
Alexander Upcher ◽  
...  

Many animals undergo dramatic changes in colour during development1,2. Changes in predation risk during ontogeny are associated with spectacular switches in defensive colours, typically involving the replacement of skin or the production of new pigment cells3. Ontogenetic colour systems are ideal models for understanding the evolution and formation mechanisms of animal colour which remain largely enigmatic2. We show that defensive colour switching in lizards arises by reorganization of a single photonic system, as an incidental by-product of chromatophore maturation. The defensive blue tail colour of hatchling A. beershebensis lizards is produced by light scattering from premature guanine crystals in underdeveloped iridophore cells. Camouflaged adult tail colours emerge upon reorganization of the guanine crystals into a photonic reflector during chromatophore maturation. The substituent guanine crystals form by the attachment of individual nanoscopic plates, which coalesce during growth to form single crystals. Our results show that the blue colour of hatchlings is a fortuitous, but necessary, precursor to the development of adult colour. Striking functional colours in animals can thus arise not as distinct evolutionary innovations but via exploitation of the timing of naturally occurring changes in chromatophore cell development.


Author(s):  
Zhakyp T. Karipbayev ◽  
Kuat Kumarbekov ◽  
Ilze Manika ◽  
Alma Dauletbekova ◽  
Artem Kozlovskiy ◽  
...  

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