River Diversion
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Zhibing Hu ◽  
Pang Yong ◽  
Xu Ruichen ◽  
Liu Yuan

Abstract The purpose of this study is to quantify the proportion and flow path of the water diversion from Yangtze River (YRD) into Taihu Lake. Based on the analysis of rainfall and data of Taihu basin in recent 30 years, a 1-D hydrodynamic model of main inflow river network area of Taihu basin was constructed, coupled the convection-diffusion model with conservative material, the characteristics of YRD and the water inflow into Taihu Lake (WITL) in three typical years were calculated. The results show that the YRD has shown a significant upward trend in the past 30 years, accounting for 26.4, 35.6 and 42% of the total WITL in three typical years of wet, normal and dry respectively. From the perspective of space, Taige River is the largest river in the western part of the lake that is affected by the river diversion (35%–72%), and Wuxi River is the smallest (1–3%). In addition, the primary flow path of YRD to Taihu Lake was through the Wuyi River and Lake Gehu from the water diversion station west of the Zao River.

Water ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (17) ◽  
pp. 2323
Robert R. Twilley ◽  
Silke Rick ◽  
Daniel C. Bond ◽  
Justin Baker

We measured benthic fluxes of dissolved nutrients in subtidal sediments and intertidal soils associated with river-pulse events from Mississippi River via the operation of a river diversion structure at Caernarvon, LA. Experiments measuring benthic fluxes in subtidal habitats were conducted during the early spring flood pulse (February and March) each year from 2002 to 2004, compared to benthic fluxes of intertidal habitats measured in February and March 2004. Nitrate (NO3−) uptake rates for subtidal sediments and intertidal soils depended on overlying water NO3− concentrations at near-, mid-, and far-field locations during river-pulse experiments when water temperatures were >13 °C (NO3− removal was limited below this temperature threshold). NO3− loading to upper Breton Sound was estimated for nine river-pulse events (January, February, and March in 2002, 2003, and 2004) and compared to NO3− removal estimated by the subtidal and intertidal habitats based on connectivity, area, and flux rates as a function of NO3− concentration and water temperature. Most NO3− removal was accomplished by intertidal habitats compared to subtidal habitats with the total NO3− reduction ranging from 8% to 31%, depending on water temperature and diversion discharge rates. River diversion operations have important ecosystem design considerations to reduce the negative effects of eutrophication in downstream coastal waters.

Geologija ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 64 (1) ◽  
pp. 21-33
Manuel DIERCKS ◽  
Christoph GRÜTZNER ◽  
Marko VRABEC ◽  

In tectonically active mountain ranges, the landscape is shaped by the interplay of erosion/sedimentation and tectonically driven crustal deformation. Characteristic landforms such as moraines, wind gaps, fault scarps, and river terraces can be used to decipher the landscape evolution. However, the available data often allow for different interpretations. Here we study the Pradol (Pradolino) Valley in Western Slovenia, a deeply incised canyon whose floor rests several hundreds of metres above the surrounding valleys. We use high-resolution digital elevation models, geomorphic indices and field observations to unravel the evolution of this peculiar landform. We present a six-stage evolution model of the canyon that includes the blockage of valleys by advancing glaciers, river diversion, and rapid incision due to a high discharge of post-glacial meltwater. The formation of the Pradol Valley was most likely facilitated by an underlying fault that serves as an easily erodible weakness zone in the Mesozoic limestones. Our model indicates that the formation of the canyon could have occurred during the last glaciation, which results in incision rates of several cm/yr. With the proposed model we can explain all remote and field observations available. Our study shows that a complex interplay of different landscape-shaping processes is needed to explain the occurrence of the Pradol dry valley and that rapid changes in the morphology occurred after the last glacial maximum.

2021 ◽  
Vol 118 (27) ◽  
pp. e2101649118
Andrew J. Moodie ◽  
Jeffrey A. Nittrouer

Socioeconomic viability of fluvial-deltaic systems is limited by natural processes of these dynamic landforms. An especially impactful occurrence is avulsion, whereby channels unpredictably shift course. We construct a numerical model to simulate artificial diversions, which are engineered to prevent channel avulsion, and direct sediment-laden water to the coastline, thus mitigating land loss. We provide a framework that identifies the optimal balance between river diversion cost and civil disruption by flooding. Diversions near the river outlet are not sustainable, because they neither reduce avulsion frequency nor effectively deliver sediment to the coast; alternatively, diversions located halfway to the delta apex maximize landscape stability while minimizing costs. We determine that delta urbanization generates a positive feedback: infrastructure development justifies sustainability and enhanced landform preservation vis-à-vis diversions.

2021 ◽  
Qiao Li ◽  
Hongfei Tao ◽  
Mahemujiang Aihemaiti ◽  
Youwei Jiang ◽  
Wenxin Yang ◽  

Abstract The groundwater of several regions in Xinjiang, China, including the Kuitun and the Manas River Basins in the Junggar Basin, is heavily polluted with arsenic. However, the arsenic content of the groundwater of the Karamay area located within the Junggar Basin is relatively low and below the recommended drinking water limit. In our study, we analyze the factors that result in this anomaly. The geological and geochemical characteristics of the water-bearing system in this area were investigated by analyzing water samples, carrying out hydrogeological surveys, and statistical techniques. Since the Carboniferous, the geological development and subsequent structural evolution resulted in a lower arsenic concentration in groundwater of the Karamay region than that of the Kuitun River Basin and the Manasi River Basin. The missing high-energy sedimentary environment in the Middle-Upper Permian and the composition of sediments controlled the characteristics of the multi-layer aquifer in this area. We find that the lack of arsenic sources, neutral and slightly alkaline environment, water injection to extract oil, and the Irtysh River Diversion to Urumqi Project, result in better groundwater quality and lower arsenic pollution in this area.

Chris C. Wilson ◽  
Tim J. Haxton

2021 ◽  
Vol 287 ◽  
pp. 112287
Alissa Flatley ◽  
Andy Markham

2020 ◽  
Sani Dauda Ahmed ◽  
Sampson Kwaku Agodzo ◽  
Kwaku Amaning Adjei

Constructed wetlands are recognized as viable potential technology for reducing pollution load and improving quality of water and wastewater. The use of river diversion wetlands is gaining place for improving quality of river and stream water. However, the design criterion for this category of wetlands has not been fully established, and there is a need to optimize existing approach to enhance operational performance. This chapter presents a step-by-step approach for the design of a typical river diversion constructed wetland intended to remove some pollutants and improve river water quality. The approach focused mainly on water quality objective and outlined simple criteria, guidelines, and model equations for the design procedure of a new river diversion constructed wetland. The design of constructed wetlands is generally an iterative process based on empirical equations. Thus, this approach combines simple equations and procedure for estimating the amount of river water to be diverted for treatment so as to assist the designer in sizing the wetland system. The novel approach presented may be useful to wetland experts as some of the procedures presented are not popular in wetland studies. However, this may improve existing river diversion wetlands’ design and development.

Junzhuo Xu ◽  
Guoqing Shi ◽  
Bingqin Li ◽  
Thomas B. Fischer ◽  
Ruilian Zhang ◽  

Water ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 12 (11) ◽  
pp. 3143
John W. Day ◽  
Bin Li ◽  
Brian D. Marx ◽  
Dongran Zhao ◽  
Robert R. Lane

Here we examine a combined dataset of water quality dynamics in the Barataria Basin, Louisiana based on transect studies from 1977 to 1978 (Seaton) and from 1994 to 2016. The Davis Pond river diversion into Lake Cataouatche began discharging Mississippi River water into the mid-basin in 2005, and so the later dataset was divided in Pre- and Post-diversion periods. The stations from these three datasets (Seaton, Pre- and Post-diversion) were combined into eleven station groupings for statistical analysis that included ANOVA and principal component analysis. In addition, Trophic State Index (TSI) scores were calculated for each grouping during the three time periods. Lake Cataouatche changed the most with the opening of the Davis Pond river diversion, becoming clearer and less eutrophic with addition of river water, which passed through a large wetland area where sediments were retained before entering the lake. The TSI results for the Seaton re-analysis were very similar to the original analysis and to that of the Pre- and Post-diversion datasets, indicating that the trophic status of the basin waters has remained relatively unchanged. The upper-basin has remained eutrophic with degraded water quality while the lower-basin has remained more mesotrophic without significant water quality deterioration. A main cause of water quality deterioration is agricultural runoff and pervasive hydrologic alteration that bypasses wetlands and causes most runoff to flow directly into water bodies.

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