Education Quality
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2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (3) ◽  
pp. 239-276
Michael Gilraine ◽  
Uros Petronijevic ◽  
John D. Singleton

While school choice may enhance competition, incentives for public schools to raise productivity may be muted if public education is imperfectly substitutable with alternatives. This paper estimates the aggregate effect of charter school expansion on education quality while accounting for the horizontal differentiation of charter programs. Our research design leverages variation following the removal of North Carolina’s statewide cap to compare test score changes for students who lived near entering charters to those farther away. We find learning gains that are driven by public schools responding to increased competition from non-horizontally differentiated charter schools, even before those charters actually open. (JEL H75, I21, I28)

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Xiaolan Li ◽  
Yanbo Shan ◽  
Yangjingwen Liu ◽  
Yingwen Lin ◽  
Lin Li ◽  

Abstract Background The National Dental Undergraduate Clinical Skills Competition known as the Guanghua Cup was held in Guangzhou, China, for three consecutive years from 2017 to 2019 to promote the clinical teaching of undergraduate dental education and to enhance communication among different universities. The present study aimed to introduce the organization, procedures, and consequences of the competition, in addition to analyzing the influences of competition on the reform of undergraduate dental education. Methods By analyzing the descriptive statistics of the Guanghua Cup, the competitions’ organization, the participating students’ performances, and the outcomes of competitions were analyzed. After distributing questionnaires to all participants of the 2nd and 3rd Cups, their attitudes towards the competition and their evaluation of the role of the competitions in promoting undergraduate dental education were analyzed. Results A total of 24 schools participated in the 3 competition years. The contents of the competitions covered cariology, endodontics, periodontology, prosthodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, dental anatomy, and first aid (e.g., operative skills and theoretical knowledge). Compared with those of the 2nd Cup, the mean scores of the operative skills significantly improved in the stations related to periodontology, prosthodontics, and dental anatomy (p < 0.05) in the 3rd Cup. In addition, 338 valid questionnaires were collected, for a response rate of 87.79 %. Overall, the participants spoke highly of the Guanghua Cup. Based on their self-perception and self-evaluation, the majority of interviewees agreed that the competition helped develop collegiality and teamwork among the participating students, improved the students’ clinical skills and promoted the improvement of teaching resources (e.g., purchasing and updating equipment, models or experimental materials). Conclusions The competition enjoyed the widest coverage since it involved dental schools from all of the different geographical regions of China. Dental students could exhibit their clinical skills in a competitive environment and develop collegiality and teamwork. Future competitions should be optimized through their organization and contents. The education quality of the participating schools affected by such competition should be investigated in a more objective and comparable way.

Abdi Hashi Nur ◽  
Ali Abdi Farah ◽  
Omar Mohamed Warsame

The purpose of this study was to explore what nine high school principals did to outperform other schools in the South and Central regions of Somalia. The study highlighted the high school principals’ perception of maintaining education quality concerning curriculum, instruction, and assessment. The study focused on the admission process, teaching, and learning performances of the top nine high schools in South and central Somalia. The methodology of this Qualitative study was descriptive phenomenology. The research design and approach were semi-structured open-ended interview protocol that comprised eight interview questions. Purposeful sampling was the sampling method. Nine principals participated in the study and provided the research data regarding the education quality of nine high schools in Somalia. All nine principals in this study maintained their high schools' education quality using a rigorous admission process. They utilized a government-developed official curriculum. Five principals reported that they employed specialist instructors, while six stated that their students actively participated in the learning process during class time. However, all the participants reported that smartphones hindered student learning. A slight majority of five principals (56%) stated that parental interventions were vital to schools' overall learning achievements. Somalia's public schools are far behind in utilizing effective educational technology. The technological literacy of the teachers is vital to effectively employ the accessible educational technology, which encouraged students to incorporate modern technologies in their learning activities successfully. Rigorous admission process, efficient curriculum, instruction, effective instructional materials, employing professional instructors, and active learning are all important components to maintain education quality.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 ◽  
pp. 86-93
Maria V. Sankova ◽  
Olesya V. Kytko ◽  
Yuriy L. Vasil'ev ◽  
Olga Yu. Aleshkina ◽  
Ekaterina Yu. Diachkova ◽  

Background: Numerous studies have shown an effect of rapidly spreading SARS-COV-2 on combined anxiety-depressive disorders and maladjustment syndrome occurrences. Objective: To determine the primary medical students’ reactive anxiety level and the final scores of their educational progress in distance learning during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The study involved 824 students at medical universities in Saratov and Moscow. The assessment of the reactive anxiety level was carried out according to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI; the average score of students' academic performance was calculated according to the data of the technological platform "1C: Enterprise" version 8.4.1. The survey was completed during distance learning in May 2020. The quality of distance learning was compared to a similar score for 2019, when students were trained in a traditional way. Statistical analysis was conducted using Statistica 6.0. Results: It was shown the presence of moderately severe disorders among the primary medical students according to the average score of reactive anxiety (43.28 ± 12.85), that expressed more in females s (p<0.05), After distance learning, lasting 25% of the whole course, the overall performance score in theoretical knowledge did not change significantly (p>0.05) but the practical skills suffered much especially in time trend (p<0.05). Novelty: It was found that a high level of the reactive anxiety negatively affects the students' adaptive capabilities and the education quality. The specificity of programs at different faculties can determine the state of the students' psychological status. Findings:Timely transition to online classes during pandemics helps to preserve the students' mental well-being and the quality of the educational process. The duration of distance learning for a practical course should not exceed 25% of the whole course. Doi: 10.28991/esj-2021-SPER-07 Full Text: PDF

А.А. Кашаев ◽  
А.А. Петренко

В статье рассматривается развитие региональной системы образования, обращается внимание на существующие противоречия исследуемой проблемы в теории и практике дополнительного профессионального образования, обосновывается высокая востребованность поиска эффективных способов формирования профессиональной готовности педагогических кадров региональной системы образования к инновационной деятельности. Представлены научные подходы к данной проблеме (В. П. Панасюк, М. М. Поташник, Н. В. Третьякова, А. В. Хуторской и др.); раскрыто авторское содержательное наполнение понятия «управленческая модель научно-методического сопровождения системы оценки качества образования» как совокупность принципов, целей, содержания и технологии управления региональной системой оценки качества образования; структурные компоненты модели и практика функционирования региональной системы дополнительного профессионального образования. Описаны результаты исследования, проведенного на базе ОГБУ ДПО «Рязанский институт развития образования» с целью исследования эффективных управленческих моделей научно-методического сопровождения развития региональной системы образования и выявления уровня готовности руководителей к управленческой деятельности при помощи методов теоретического анализа и обобщения научно-педагогической литературы, анкетирования, беседы, эксперимента по апробации управленческой модели развития региональной системы образования. Доказана гипотеза об эффективности развития региональной системы образования в соответствии с разработанной управленческой моделью ее научно-методического сопровождения. Предложены перспективные направления развития системы дополнительного профессионального образования путем включения в содержание программ научно-методической деятельности региональных и муниципальных специалистов практико-ориентированных курсов, расширения возможностей системы дополнительного профессионального образования для повышения квалификации работников образования региона в инновационных формах, создание информационных баз данных в цифровом формате. Обновление содержания управленческой деятельности по повышению квалификации педагогических кадров в контексте их практико-ориентированной деятельности по оценке качества образования; разработка системы управления научно-методического сопровождения региональной системы оценки качества образования, внедрение современных структур, технологий по управлению образованием. составляют новизну данного исследования, а возможность использования этой модели для повышения готовности к научно-методическому сопровождению процессов оценки качества образования руководителей и педагогических работников в учреждениях дополнительного профессионального образования различных регионов — его практическую значимость. The article treats the development of regional education system and focuses on problems associated with theoretical and applied aspects of supplementary vocational education. The authors substantiate the necessity of searching for effective strategies for ensuring regional teachers’ professional readiness for innovation. The article presents various approaches to the issue (V. P. Panasyuk, M. M. Potashnik, N. V. Tretyakova, A. V. Khutorskoy, etc.) and provides an interpretation of the management model of research and methodological support of the regional system of education quality assessment. The article describes the results of the research performed at Ryazan Institute of Education Development and aimed to investigate effective management models for providing research and methodological support to regional teachers, to assess education managers’ readiness to ensure effective leadership. The investigation and assessment are performed by means of such methods as theoretical analysis, overview of research literature, questionnaire, interview, experimental approbation. The article proves the hypothesis that the proposed management model of research and methodological support of the regional system of education quality assessment is effective. The article presents effective models of vocational education system development by means of introducing practice-oriented courses to the curriculum, by means of expanding the choice of supplementary vocational education courses, by means of enhancing innovation, by means of creating digital information databases. The theoretical novelty of the research is accounted for by the fact that it presents innovative content, develops a system of research and methodological support of the regional system of education quality assessment, and introduces modern education management technologies. The practical significance of the research is accounted for by the fact that the proposed model can be used to enhance and improve education managers’ and teachers’ readiness to assess education quality in regional institutions of supplementary vocational education.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (7) ◽  
pp. 458
Yiheng Wang ◽  
Yaolin Liu ◽  
Lijun Xing ◽  
Ziyi Zhang

Limited studies focus on educational equity from the spatial accessibility perspective. This study combines survey data and big data and proposes a multi-mode Huff two-step floating catchment area (MMH2SFCA) method to calculate accessibility while considering multiple travel modes and school attractiveness. This method can also calculate education quality by extending the accessibility in each community. Results show that our proposed method can reliably identify the accessibility differences of schools across communities. The case study indicates an inequitable distribution of educational accessibility and quality. The communities with high accessibility are concentrated in the urban center and exurban zones surrounding schools, whereas high-quality areas are mainly concentrated in the urban center. Correlation analysis suggests that the educational quality of communities with high accessibility is not always high. The findings of this study can provide improvement for accessibility measurements and help explore a new research perspective for educational equity research.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 1076

Tourism education is an important component and contributor to the tourism industry's global success, particularly as technology and innovation become more prevalent in the hospitality and tourism sectors around the world. Several studies have been conducted on student perceptions of tourism education and the tourism industry's long-term viability in the current and future environment. The importance of a capable, competent, passionate, and dedicated workforce in the service industries in general, and the tourism industry in particular, cannot be overstated. Related studies have also suggested that in the service sector, workers' optimistic attitudes about their work are critical for customer loyalty and satisfaction. Service quality and customer service are leading principles in the business world. Assessing educational service quality is important for encouraging and providing feedback on the effectiveness of educational plans and their execution as higher education institutions compete for competitive advantages and high service quality. In a number of universities, as well as further afield, monitoring student satisfaction with education quality has become an important part of the educational process. This study shows how to use the SERVQUAL system to measure student satisfaction in a more effective way.It entails the use of the SERVQUAL methodology to query and survey five factors related to student services. The proposed instrument was tested on 400 undergraduate tourism students at a large regional university in Thailand. The approach's utility in collecting tourism students' impressions, evaluating them, and reducing them to a form usable by management as an off-the-shelf service quality evaluation tool is demonstrated by rigorous study.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 23-33
Ach. Nasrullah ◽  
Mohammad Muchlis Solichin

This study aims to determine the implementation of human resource management in improving the quality of education and the factors that support the implementation of human resource management in improving the quality of education. This research was conducted at SMK Al-Faqih Sumber Nyamplong Kowel Pamekasan using a descriptive qualitative approach. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of Human Resource Management to Improve Education Quality has several stages including a) needs and information analysis, b) teacher recruitment, c) induction of new employees, d) teacher placement, e) granting authority and responsibility for staff, f) implementation of supervision, g) fostering teacher welfare, h) career development for employees, i) termination of relations, and j) severance pay. While the Supporting Factors are a) principals have many considerations, b) programs run in schools can bring positive changes and impacts, c) facilities and infrastructure can be utilized optimally, and d) evaluation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 1199-1212
Jiliang Huang

Comprehensively improving the quality of education in resource-poor areas is an urgent challenge to achieve balanced development of basic education in China. In the process of educational development in resource-lacking areas, information technology has: (1) changed the traditional teaching mode and teaching environment, (2) provided high-quality educational resources, (3) promoted the professional development of teachers, and (4) promoted the overall improvement of education quality. Southwestern Guizhou Prefecture in Guizhou Province, China, has become a typical case in using information technology to promote education quality improvement in areas with scarce educational resources. This article explores educational information technology in the region as an example to discuss how to grasp the regional characteristics and local needs in the layout of information technology, integrate information technology into teaching practice, and steadily improve the overall teaching quality of the region.

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