Qualitative Approach
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2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Laura Fuentes-Moraleda ◽  
Ana Muñoz-Mazón ◽  
Coral Santiago-Rincón ◽  
Alicia Orea-Giner

PurposeThis exploratory study aims to identify the main risk reduction strategies when individuals suffer from coeliac disease (CD) or non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) travel. Based on Yeung and Yee's (2013; 2019) model, the paper offers a new framework for analysing the main travel risk reduction strategies for people with specific food needs. The empirical work focuses on the perspectives of different stakeholders (CD and NCGS community, restaurant managers/service providers and nutritionists).Design/methodology/approachA qualitative approach based on thematic analysis is adopted. The results of 32 semi-structured in-depth interviews reveal different stakeholders' perspectives in order to understand the various strategies.FindingsThe findings confirm the high level of consensus that the main food risk reducers are: travel information, staff training in safety assurance, legislation and risk prevention protocols. The findings also show significant limitations in the information offered by restaurants, organisations and tourist destinations and the negative repercussions on the tourist experience and the reputation on a particular destination.Practical implicationsThe results will help hospitality business managers and destination management organisations develop food risk reduction strategies to solve some of the most important food-related problems when people in this market segment travel.Originality/valueThis work contributes to the literature by providing a new framework on travel risk reduction strategies for people with specific food needs. The novelty of this research is mainly found in the study of risk reduction strategies related to the travel decision-making process for those with CD and NCGS from different perspectives.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
A.D. Weerasooriya ◽  
◽  
B.A.K.S. Perera ◽  
S.D. Gallage ◽  
P.A.P.V.D.S. Disaratna ◽  
...  

Cyber–physical systems (CPS) enable the synergistic integration of virtual models with the physical environment. CPS are being increasingly recognized because of their ability to improve information management in construction projects, make project delivery efficient, and enhance facilities management. The use of virtual models in the construction industry is growing. A quantity surveyor (QS) is responsible for estimating and monitoring construction costs from project inception to completion. The use of CPS could integrate the physical environment with the digital information available to QSs. Hence CPS has the potential to streamline the workflow related to key roles of QSs. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of CPS to facilitate the key roles expected of a QS. The study used a qualitative approach, consisting of 18 semi-structured interviews. The interview findings were analysed using manual content analysis. The literature review revealed the need for CPS in the construction industry and identified the key roles of QSs. The interviewees identified the existing CPS and their supportive applications, technologies and proposed new systems. The study findings provide insights on the reforms required in the key roles of QSs when using CPS.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
F. Casther ◽  
◽  
S. Coorey ◽  

Multisensory design in workplace plays an important role in the sense of wellbeing and sense of coherence of its users. Both are important for workplace productivity and efficiency. Workplace designs are often driven by maximising capacity and corporate identities rather than the need for improving the quality of environments and sense of wellbeing of its users which is critical for optimising workplace productivity. Multisensory design features vary across workplace environments and the response to such may also vary based on the user groups, their background, cultural differences, type of profession or work being performed etc. The study aims to explore multisensory design in workplace and its impact on sense of wellbeing and coherence of its users in a case study of a workplace of academics in a Higher Education Institution. A qualitative approach is used to collect data on user perceptions via in-depth interviews, memory sketching, visual surveys etc. The workplace multisensory design features are assessed using checklists and photographic observations. Findings show that universal factors such as adequate privacy, availability of biophilia, informal interactions in the workplace and the flexibility for personalisation enhanced sense of wellbeing and coherence in workplace., which led to a positive impact on workplace productivity.in the users.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Joseph Olorunfemi Akande ◽  
Sulaiman Olusegun Atiku

Purpose This study aims to examine the accounting skills required in Industry 4.0 to assist higher education institutions in developing Industry 4.0 accountants in Namibia. Design/methodology/approach This study adopted a qualitative approach for data collection and analysis. The participants (accountants and finance consultants) were selected using a purposive sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire (open-ended) was administered to 120 participants. Useful information was retrieved from 99 participants in the participating accounting firms in Namibia. The data was analyzed using non-numerical content analysis via Atlas.ti, version 9.0. Findings Findings revealed the need to teach soft, technical and digital skills by higher education institutions in Namibia to enhance accounting graduates’ employability in Industry 4.0. The practical implication for higher education in Namibia is to do more in curriculum retooling. Originality/value There is a shortage of literature on the competency framework for Industry 4.0 accountants, particularly in Namibia. The outcomes of this study contribute to the extant literature and assist higher education institutions with helpful information for accounting programs review and enhance graduates’ employability in Namibia.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 94
Author(s):  
Refika Mastanora ◽  
Melda Deswita

This paper discusses internal and external factors in increasing employee work motivation at the five people sub-district office during the Covid-19 pandemic. The type of research that researchers use is a type of research that is descriptive field research with a qualitative approach. The data collection technique used in this research is to use observation, interview and documentation techniques. The data analysis technique that the author uses in this study is in the form of data reduction, data presentation and conclusions or verification. The results of the research that the authors get are that the Communication Strategy in increasing Employee Work Motivation at the Lima Kaum Sub-District Office in the Covid-19 Pandemic Period is by monitoring and evaluating, holding meetings with employees at least once a month, establishing good relationships with employees, and completing needs. employees at work.


Sains Insani ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Syamhanim Ismail ◽  
Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad ◽  
Nur Sofurah Mohd Faiz

Pembelajaran Berasaskan Kerja (PBK) merupakan suatu kaedah pembelajaran yang menggabungkan dua medium pembelajaran iaitu pembelajaran teori di institusi pendidikan dan pengaplikasian amali di industri. Melalui penggabungan dua medium pembelajaran ini dapat memberi pendedahan dan pengalaman industri yang relevan mengikut bidang pengajian yang dapat merapatkan jurang ketidaksepadanan di antara kehendak industri dan graduan yang dihasilkan oleh politeknik. Kajian ini dijalankan bertujuan untuk penerokaan pengalaman kebolehpasaran pelajar politeknik dalam tiga program perintis yang menggunakan kaedah PBK iaitu dalam program Diploma Lanjutan Rangkaian, Ijazah Sarjana Muda Teknologi Pengurusan Fasiliti dengan kepujian dan Ijazah Sarjana Muda Teknologi Kejuruteraan Elektronik (Perubatan) dengan kepujian Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif kajian kes pelbagai. Penyelidik menggunakan kaedah temubual secara mendalam dan bersemuka dengan peserta kajian berpandukan protokol separa berstruktur terhadap tiga orang peserta kajian daripada politeknik. Hasil temubual yang telah diperolehi telah di transkrip dan dianalisis secara tematik. Dapatan kajian telah menunjukkan hasil daripada penerokaan pengalaman peserta kajian, penyelidik telah mendapati bahawa ketiga-tiga program telah menunjukkan kebolehpasaran siswazah yang tinggi dimana hampir kesemua siswazah telah mendapat pekerjaan dalam tempoh enam bulan selepas tamat pengajian. Dapatan ini diharapkan dapat memberi implikasi dengan lebih banyak program pendidikan menggunakan kaedah PBK diperkenalkan kerana ianya dapat membantu siswazah untuk mendapatkan pekerjaan selepas tamat pengajian.   Work-Based Learning (WBL) is a learning methodology that combined two workplaces: educational institutions for theoretical learing and industries.for the practical. The combination of these two learning mediums can give the exposure and experience according to the field of study that can bridge the gap and mismatch between the needs of the industry and graduates produced by polytechnics. The aim of this research is to explore the experience of polytechnic graduate employability via three pilot programmes that apply WBL methods; which are the Networking Advanced Diploma, Bachelor of Facility Management with Honours and Bachelor of Computer Engineering Technology (Medical) with Honours.. This study employed a multiple case study of qualitative approach. The data collections in the field study were conducted using in-depth, face-to-face interviews and semi-structured protocol with the three participants from polytechnics. The results of the interviews have been transcribed and analyzed thematically. The findings showed that all the three programs have shown high graduate employability by almost all the graduates have been hired as a worker within six months after the graduation. Based on the results of this study, hopefully more educational programs will using the WBL method because it can help graduates to get a job after the graduation. Keywords: Work-Based Learning; polytechnic; graduate employability; graduates


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Novia Hepriani Pane ◽  
Zaili Rusli

The circulation of screen printing Ulos and the Covid 19 pandemic caused a negative impact on Ulos SMEs in Tarutung District which could threaten the sustainability of small industrial businesses. The strategic importance is right in accordance with Ulos and its ancestral values by the Small and Medium Enterprises Cooperative Trade Office and the North Tapanuli Dekranasda. The purpose of this research is to see how the Ulos development strategy through SMEs is carried out by the Small and Medium Enterprises Cooperative Trade Office of North Tapanuli Regency and what factors influence the Ulos development strategy. The research method used is a qualitative approach with descriptive data, followed by a strategy formulation using the SWOT analysis method. Based on research and discussion, it was found that the Ulos Development Strategy through SMEs in Tarutung District, North Tapanuli Regency had not been implemented optimally, this was influenced by limited capital and the less than optimal role of the government.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 144-154
Author(s):  
Yonathan Wingit Pramono ◽  
Sari Saptorini ◽  
Jhon Leonardo Presley Purba

Abstrak: Keluarga merupakan dasar dan tempat utama pemuridan Kristen untuk mewujudkan pertumbuhan rohani anak-anak Kristen agar siap menghadapi tantangan kehidupan di era disrupsi seperti saat ini. Menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif dengan metode studi literature. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjawab pertanyaan penelitian tentang bagaimana implementasi pemuridan Kristen di dalam keluarga di era disrupsi saat ini. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bawah pemuridan Kristen dalam keluarga di era disrupsi merupakan hal yang esensial dan krusial. Orang tua berperan penting melakukan pemuridan Kristen dalam keluarga untuk mendidik dan mengarahkan anak-anak Kristen menjadi generasi yang konsisten dan bertumbuh dalam iman kepada Tuhan dan menjadi murid Kristus yang sejati. Menjadi dewasa dalam kepribadian, kerohanian dan moralitas sehingga tidak mudah terjerumus ke dalam aspek negative dari perkembangan teknologi informasi digital saat ini. Dibutuhkan komitmen dan konsistensi dalam implementasi pemuridan Kristen dalam keluarga di era disrupsi untuk menghindari distraksi atau disrupsi dari berbagai informasi media digital yang ada, sebaliknya harus menyediakan waktu yang khusus untuk melakukan pemuridan dengan memanfaatkan perkembangan digitalisasi teknologi informasi di era disrupsi secara positif. Salah satunya melakukan pemuridan keluarga secara virtual. Dengan demikian pemuridan Kristen dalam keluarga tetap dapat dilakukan walaupun orang tua dan anak terpisah jarak dan tempat.Abstract: The family is the basis and the main place for Christian discipleship to realize the spiritual growth of Christian children so that they are ready to face the challenges of life in this era of disruption. Using a descriptive qualitative approach with a literature study method. This study aims to answer research questions about how to implement Christian discipleship in families in the current era of disruption. The results of this study conclude that Christian discipleship in families in the era of disruption is essential and crucial. Parents play an important role in carrying out Christian discipleship in the family to educate and direct Christian children to become a generation that is consistent and grows the faith in God and becomes the true disciples of Christ. Become mature in personality, spirituality and morality so that it is not easy to fall into the negative aspects of the development of digital information technology today. It takes commitment and consistency in the implementation of Christian discipleship in families in the era of disruption to avoid distraction or disruption from various existing digital media information, on the contrary, must provide special time for discipleship by utilizing the development of digitalization of information technology in the era of disruption in a positive way. One of them is doing virtual family discipleship. Thus, Christian discipleship in the family can still be done even though parents and children are separated by distance and place.


Sains Insani ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Azlan Shaiful Baharum ◽  
Nur Zabidi Md Shar ◽  
Ummu-Hani Abbas

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan persepsi pelajar tentang bekerja sambil belajar ketika suasana pandemik Covid-19 ini. Ia juga mengkaji kesan positif dan negatif bekerja semasa belajar dan meneroka cabaran yang dihadapi oleh pelajar yang bekerja semasa belajar dan cara mereka mengatasi masalah. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dalam situasi menemubual pelajar tahun tiga, Fakulti Pengajian Bahasa Utama dari Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Nilai, Negeri Sembilan secara dalam talian. Kajian ini melibatkan 3 responden. Pengkaji menggunakan kaedah persampelan rawak mudah untuk memilih sampel. Data penyelidikan dikumpulkan melalui pemerhatian, analisis dokumen dan temuduga. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan terdapat kelebihan dan kekurangan kepada pelajar USIM yang bekerja semasa belajar. Antara kelebihannya adalah dapat menambah pendapatan dari segi kewangan. Mereka juga mendapat pengalaman baharu untuk kerjaya dalam dunia pekerjaan. Ini penting agar mereka tidak menganggur pada masa akan datang. Kelemahannya adalah boleh menyebabkan tekanan emosi seperti keletihan dan kurang tidur kerana kesukaran membahagikan masa antara waktu belajar secara dalam talian dan bekerja terutama berdepan dengan cabaran semasa ketika Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP) yang dilaksanakan kerajaan sekarang.   This study aims to determine the students’ perceptions on working while studying during the current period of Covid-19 pandemic. It also examines the positive and negative effects of working while studying and explores the challenges faced by students who are working while studying, and how do they overcome the problems. This study uses a qualitative approach by interviewing third year students, Faculty of Major Language Studies from Islamic Science University of Malaysia (USIM), Nilai, Negeri Sembilan via online. This research involved 3 respondents whereby the researchers used the purposive sampling method for USIM students. Research data were collected through participant observation, document analysis and interviews via Telegram application. The results of this study show that there are advantages and disadvantages for USIM students who work while studying. The advantage is that for USIM students who work while studying are financially capable because they are working. They also get new experience for their career in the world of employment, which is important to avoid being unemployed in the future. The disadvantage is that it can cause emotional stress such as fatigue and lack of sleep due to the difficulty of dividing time between online study and work especially during the Movement Control Order (MCO).


Sains Insani ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sian Hoon Teoh ◽  
Geethanjali Narayanan ◽  
Nabilah Abdullah

Constructing a conceptual framework has always been a problem for many postgraduate students. Even though the students are exposed to many different tools as well as guided with 21st-century skills along the process of conducting research, many of them are seeking helps to complete their postgraduate studies in stages.  A solid conceptual framework is an output of conducting a literature review. The construction of a conceptual framework involves multiple research skills. To meet the requirement of thesis completion, supervisors are always emphasizing the implementation of these skills as well as finding the best practice while addressing challenges of guiding them to understand and construct a conceptual framework. Meanwhile, the supervisors must get a better picture of how their postgraduate students undergo the process of constructing a conceptual framework from their literature review. Hence, the thesis supervisors need to understand a better way for helping them to achieve the level of competency. This study aims to investigate supervisors’ perceptions of guiding their postgraduate students to construct a conceptual framework in fulfillment of the advanced skills. A qualitative approach was employed to collect data. Three thesis supervisors were interviewed. They provided feedback on their experiences of supervision. Specifically, their experiences in supervising and guiding students to work on the conceptual framework were explored. The findings show that their postgraduate students have some problems in conducting literature reviews critically. On the other hand, the supervisors agreed that they play important roles as supervisors to guide and engage the students so that they can think flexibly; hence, producing a good piece of a conceptual framework.  This study provides insights on the focused aspects for the development of skills in constructing conceptual frameworks among postgraduate students.   Pembinaan kerangka konsep merupakan salah satu masalah yang dihadapi di kalangan pelajar pasca siswazah. Walaupun mereka telah didedahkan kepada pelbagai jenis cara serta panduan kemahiran abad ke 21 yang berkaitan di sepanjang proses pengendalian kajian, ramai di antara masih memerlukan bantuan untuk menyempurnakan pengajian. Kerangka konsep merupakan hasilan penulisan dari tinjauan literatur. Jelasnya, pembinaan kerangka konsep melibatkan pelbagai kemahiran kajian. Untuk membolehkan pelajar melengkapi tesis,penyelia selalu menekankan penggunaan kemahiran ini dan menemukan pelaksanaan yang bagus semasa menandatangani cabaran dalam membantu mereka dalam membina kerangka konsep. Di samping itu, adalah penting bagi penyelia untuk memahami bagaimana pelajar mereka melalui process pembinaan kerangka konsep dari tinjauan kajian. Maka, penyelia perlu memahami cara untuk mencapai tahap kompetensi tersebut. Kajian ini bertujuan memahami persepsi penyelia dalam membantu pelajar-pelajar membina kerangka konsep dengan kemahiran yang berkaitan dan canggih. Kaedah qualitative telah digunakan untuk kutipan data. Tiga orang penyelia telah ditemuduga. Mereka talah memberikan maklumbalas tentang pengalaman dalam penyeliaan, terutamanya pengalaman menyelia kerangka konsep. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa pelajar-pelajar menghadapi masalah pengendalikan penulisan tinjauan literatur secara kritikal. Di samping itu, penyelia bersetuju mereka memainkan peranan yang penting untuk melibatkan pelajar-pelajar dalam pemikiran fleksibel dan seterusnya menghasilkan kerangka konsep yang tepat. Kajian ini memberikan gambaran untuk aspek perkembangan kemahiran dalam pembinaan kerangka konsep di kalangan pasca siswazah


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