mutual cooperation
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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Uniqbu

This study aims to describe: 1) The role of the principal in implementing education quality management at SMP Negeri 2 Arungkeke, Jeneponto Regency, 2) Supporting and inhibiting factors for the principal in implementing education quality management at SMP Negeri 2 Arungkeke, Jeneponto Regency. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative research. Qualitative research is a research approach that uncovers certain social situations by properly describing reality, formed by words based on relevant data collection and analysis techniques obtained from natural situations. Sources of data in this study, namely data that shows the quality or quality of something that exists, in the form of circumstances, processes, events or events and others expressed in the form of words. The informants in the study were the principal, social studies teacher for class IX, and social studies teacher for class VII/VIII, English teacher and staff of SMP Negeri 2 Arungkeke. The technique of determining the informant was carried out purposively, namely based on the capacity that provided convenience and willingness in the interview. The results of this study indicate that 1) the leadership role of the principal in implementing education quality management in SMP Negeri 2 Arungkeke, namely: (a) the principal must have the right strategy and (b) apply leadership management. 2) Supporting and inhibiting factors for school principals in implementing education quality management at SMP Negeri 2 Arungkeke, namely: supporting factors (a) mutual cooperation and kinship (b) providing opportunities for teachers in professional application training activities (c) facilitating all school activities, factors inhibiting (a) lack of motivation and enthusiasm of the principal (b) lack of leadership ability of the principal (c) lack of facilities and infrastructure and (d) low mental attitude.


2022 ◽  
Vol 27 ◽  
pp. 546-555
Author(s):  
Edy Saptono ◽  
Agus Sudarya ◽  
Siswo Pudjiatmoko

Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3 of 2002 concerning the National Defense explained that Indonesia's defense was carried out with a universal defense system to deal with every form of military and non-military threats. Geographically, Riau Islands Province is an area directly border to neighboring countries that have potential non-military threats. These non-military threats include illegal activities in the form smuggling of goods, illegal drugs, human trafficking, terrorism and penetration of foreign ideologies as well as cases of actual non-military threats, COVID-19 pandemic. The aims of the research are to analyze the management of human resources and the synergy between local governments and defense elements from the army, navy and air force in the Riau Islands Province as well as analyze the obstacles and the efforts to create in the face of non-military threats. The method of the research is a qualitative method with primary data collecting techniques, interviews, and secondary data in the form of literature studies. The results showed that the local government and elements of defense in the Riau Islands Province in facing non-military threats with ideological, economical, technological and information dimensions, economics, health and safety made programs by managing human resources through the functions of planning, organizing, actuating and controling. While synergy is built in two ways, namely communication through social communication through discussion, dialogue, official letters, mutual cooperation and coordination through communication forums of regional leaders. Constraints faced are geographical conditions, facilities and infrastructure, budget constraints and limited personnel. Efforts to overcome obstacles in creating synergy are increasing the frequency of regional leadership communication forums, optimizing cooperation, transforming defense human resources and increasing joint activities.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Elsya Limbolele

In this writing, I invited the readers especially students who want to make themselves a good leader. Of course to be a leader is not easy. The leader must be mengahadapi, the public is not small, must be an example in the midst of a society and bertanggujawab. In this paper, the method I use in a library or use several guidelines of books and journals. In this writing. I discuss about hospitalitas christian leadership in mutual cooperation traditions. I take this title, because I see many leaders who do not participate in terms of mutual cooperation, they prefer to live in the house silence of the reins of helping the people who work together. What is special about us as a prospective christian leader that must help the society discriminate against ethnicity, race and even religion. In Markus 10:43-45 "is not the case between you. Whoever wants to be big among you, he wants to be your servant, and whoever wants to be a leading part among you, he wants to be a servant for everything. Since Human children also come not to serve, but to serve and to provide His lives into a ransom for many people". Which means whoever wants to be a leader he harusbertanggungjawab and is willing to sacrifice for his community.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Elsya Limbolele

In this writing, I invited the readers especially students who want to make themselves a good leader. Of course to be a leader is not easy. The leader must be mengahadapi, the public is not small, must be an example in the midst of a society and bertanggujawab. In this paper, the method I use in a library or use several guidelines of books and journals. In this writing. I discuss about hospitalitas christian leadership in mutual cooperation traditions. I take this title, because I see many leaders who do not participate in terms of mutual cooperation, they prefer to live in the house silence of the reins of helping the people who work together. What is special about us as a prospective christian leader that must help the society discriminate against ethnicity, race and even religion. In Markus 10:43-45 "is not the case between you. Whoever wants to be big among you, he wants to be your servant, and whoever wants to be a leading part among you, he wants to be a servant for everything. Since Human children also come not to serve, but to serve and to provide His lives into a ransom for many people". Which means whoever wants to be a leader he harusbertanggungjawab and is willing to sacrifice for his community.


2022 ◽  
Vol 58 (1) ◽  
pp. 130-135
Author(s):  
Manjinder Singh ◽  
Devinder Tiwari ◽  
Sarang Monga ◽  
Rajesh K. Rana

Small and marginal farming communities of Indian agriculture account for more than 85%of the total farming households. They face the challenges of land fragmentation, high costof inputs and inability to market their produce efficiently. To tackle these challenges, policymakers came up with the model of farmers’ mutual cooperation through Farmer ProducerOrganisations (FPOs). This study conducted in Punjab analyses the behavioural factorsresponsible for functionality of FPOs. A random selection of 150 members from 5 functionaland 5 non-functional FPOs (i.e., 15 respondents from each selected FPO) was made andthe respondents were interviewed personally. The findings revealed that the members(including management) of the functional FPOs had higher risk bearing capacity, greatereconomic motivation and more innovativeness as compared to the respondents from non-functional FPOs. Similarly, respondents from functional FPOs were socially, economicallyand managerially more empowered than the non-functional FPOs. Business skills of themembers, including the managerial members, of functional FPOs were also better ascompared to those from the non-functional FPOs. Regression estimates revealed that thefunctionality, better academic qualification, bigger land holding and joint family systemwere responsible for the higher net annual income of the respondents.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 48
Author(s):  
Mohammad Amin Hawamdeh

The present study aims at observing how bracketed insertions in translation elicit mutual cooperation with receptors. As a survey-based study applying to an officially approved English interpretation of the Quran, it seeks to examine whether any insertions in brackets hinder the SL message from being well-conveyed and for what reasons they may be left out of it. Methodically, a multifaceted, self-administered questionnaire including two text-types of the Quran with an identical set of questions per each was completed by 73 potential English-speaking readers. Found to be generally cooperative, the subject insertions were agreed to be true (78.8%) and informative (74.7%) in favor of the Madani text but not to be relevant (72.6%) nor perspicuous (76.9%) in favor of the Makki one. They were helping to those having any knowledge of Arabic, translating and the Quran yet hindering to those having no knowledge of Arabic, translating or the Quran. The technical insertions depending on the translator’s view of an appropriate relationship between the author’s text and the TL version were the most frequent ones to be left out in favor of the Madani text for ‘saying irrelevant, unimportant things’. Eventually, an improved interpretation is recommended as many TAiPs could be included, adapted, modified or excluded.INTRODUCTION


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 40-46
Author(s):  
Diamantin Rohadatul Aisy

The COVID-19 pandemic had transformed people's lifestyles in various aspects, among which is the priority shift where health is the main priority in addition to basic needs. In addition, the mobility restrictions during the pandemic have made society adapts to digitalized activities. The phenomenon of increasing donations is also a new occurrence in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic, which shall be acknowledged as the digitized version of Indonesian tradition of mutual cooperation (gotong royong) to help each other to ease the burden on people affected by COVID-19. This phenomenon is similar to the concept of tabarru’’ funds in sharia insurance which uses the mutual assistance (ta'awun) principle among insurance participants. Due to the increase of public awareness of health and high solidarity in the midst of this pandemic, Islamic insurance can find opportunities to increase the number of Tabarru’' Funds participation, with a touch of digital innovation for wider reach in the society. This research aims to develop the management of sharia insurance combined with donation-based crowdfunding management to apply in optimizing tabarru’’ funds. This research was conducted using qualitative descriptive methods, to explore the qualitative datas in several phenomenon of sharia insurance and crowdfunding, and generate a description of the relationship between these phenomena. The results of this study explain that the crowdfunding management can be applied in management of tabarru' funds in Shria insurance, including the following (1) Prospective donors and prospective respondent are both can registered as insurance participants; (2) Donations paid by donors as insurance installment are collected in tabarru’ funds; (3) Every donors and respondents has the same rights over the donation funds; (4) Sharia insurance management applies the principle of crowdfunding transparency through the public financial statements of donation funds or tabarru’ funds, and the report of donor respondent’s progress.


Patan Pragya ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (02) ◽  
pp. 128-143
Author(s):  
Khom Raj Kharel ◽  
Yadav Mani Upadhyay ◽  
Suman Kharel

Bilateral economic cooperation is one of means for improving economic, social and political relations between two countries. Nepal and China have been enjoying good neighborly respects and benefit since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1955. Both countries behave a good neighborhood relations and enjoyed fruitful bilateral cooperation and mutual support and following the social and economic development activities by exchanging cooperation in the areas of trade, tourism, investment and connectivity, building human capital and infrastructure and deepening people to people relations is at the center of Nepal-China bilateral relations. Within Nepal and China, there are marvelous possibilities promoting socio-economic transformation and raising the living standard of people through the mutual cooperation in the areas of mutual interest. Cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is of great significance for Nepal and China. The present study is conducted with the aim of examining the economic impact of bilateral economic cooperation between Nepal and China. The impact of bilateral cooperation with China in Nepalese economy has been analyzed in terms of FDI flows, trade between Nepal, China and economic assistance from China to Nepal and tourists arrivals from China over the period of 2000-2019 by applying simple statistical tools and simple linear regression model. The results show that there have been positive influences on Nepalese economy with bilateral economic cooperation of China.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (No.2) ◽  
pp. 25-36
Author(s):  
Ahmad Mahir Isa ◽  
Nor Hayati Ahmad ◽  
Zairy Zainol

This study investigates the relationship between Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Consumer Price Index (CPI), Unemployment Rate (UE), Interest rate (IR), Household Debt (HD) on bankruptcy discharge and test the application of an Islamic concept of mutual cooperation, Social Relief Fund (SRF) to enhance the bankruptcy discharge. The study period is from 2000 to 2019. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) was used in the study. Two models were tested; Model 1 consists of the macroeconomic variables without SRF and Model 2, with SRF. Model 1 shows none of the variables has significant effect on bankruptcy discharge for long run relationship. However, Model 2 shows GDP, CPI and SRF have significant positive long run relationship with bankruptcy discharge. This provides statistical evidence that SRF has a beneficial long-run relationship to enhance bankruptcy discharge in Malaysia. For short run relationship, Model 1 reveals GDP, CPI, and UE as significant variables to discharge. Model 2 shows stronger short run relationships in which GDP, IR, HD, SRF are positive and CPI is negative to bankruptcy discharge. These variables are significant at 1 percent level. The findings contribute new knowledge on determinants of bankruptcy discharge in Malaysia. The study provides empirical evidence that SRF is a potential component as a social safety net in providing financial assistance among distressed debtors from bankruptcy. We recommend the use of SRF as the current bankruptcy reform is being viewed from the legislative lens and lacks the social capital component to assist debtors achieve financial restitution.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 33-52
Author(s):  
Nurma Dwi Puspitasari ◽  
Supri Wahyudi Utomo ◽  
Elana Era Yusdita

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to determine the handling of bad loans or problem loans at PT BPR BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera from the Bank's behavior or the behavior of bank employees. This type of research is qualitative research. The research method uses interviews and observations. The data source in this study is primary data, obtained from several employees of PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera related to the credit section. Troubled credit handling carried out by the behavior of PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera employees in addition to implementing technical imposed by the Financial Services Authority, namely in the form of rescheduling, reconditioning, restructuring, and confiscation of guarantee goods. PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera also applies a sense of chair and humanity by through the process of resignation of the monthly book close to wait for customers who have agreed to pay off their bad credit. So besides considering the return of credit for the bank in the end there are values caught on the practice of PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera, namely still considering a sense of mutual cooperation, humanity, kinship. Keywords: People's credit bank, employee behavior, accounting for confectional, financial institutions, principle timeliness.   ABSTRAK Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu  untuk mengetahui penanganan kredit macet atau kredit bermasalah pada PT BPR  Buana Citra Sejahtera  dari perilaku pihak bank atau perilaku karyawan bank.  Jenis penelitian  ini  adalah penelitian kualitatif. Metode penelitian menggunakan   wawancara dan observasi. Sumber data pada penelitian ini adalah data primer, diperoleh dari beberapa karyawan PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera yang berhubungan dengan bagian kredit. Penanganan kredit bermasalah yang dilakukan oleh perilaku karyawan PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera selain menerapkan tehnik yang diberlakukan oleh Otoritas Jasa Keuangan yaitu berupa rescheduling, reconditioning, restructuring, serta penyitaan barang jaminan. PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera juga menerapkan  rasa kekelurgaan dan kemanusian dengan melalui proses  pengunduran tanggal tutup buku bulanan untuk menunggu nasabah yang telah sepakat akan melunasi kredit macetnya. Jadi selain pertimbangan kembalinya kredit untuk pihak bank pada akhirnya terdapat nilai-nilai yang tertangkap pada praktik PT BPR Buana Citra Sejahtera yaitu masih mempertimbangkan rasa gotong royong, kemanusiaan, kekeluargaan. Kata Kunci: Bank perkreditan rakyat, Perilaku karyawan, Akuntansi keperilakuan, Lembaga Keuangan, Prinsip ketepatan waktu.


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