soft magnetic
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JOM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Andrew B. Kustas ◽  
Donald F. Susan ◽  
Todd Monson

AbstractSoft-magnetic alloys exhibit exceptional functional properties that are beneficial for a variety of electromagnetic applications. These alloys are conventionally manufactured into sheet or bar forms using well-established insgot metallurgy practices that involve hot- and cold-working steps. However, recent developments in process metallurgy have unlocked opportunities to directly produce bulk soft-magnetic alloys with improved, and often tailorable, structure–property relationships that are unachievable conventionally. The emergence of unconventional manufacturing routes for soft-magnetic alloys is largely motivated by the need to improve the energy efficiency of electromagnetic devices. In this review, literature that details emerging manufacturing approaches for soft-magnetic alloys is overviewed. This review covers (1) severe plastic deformation, (2) recent advances in melt spinning, (3) powder-based methods, and (4) additive manufacturing. These methods are discussed in comparison with conventional rolling and bar processing. Perspectives and recommended future research directions are also discussed.

Baris Avar ◽  
Mrutyunjay Panigrahi ◽  
Ali Kemal Soguksu ◽  
Shashanka Rajendrachari ◽  
Alaaddin Gundes

Chemosensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 26
Valentina Zhukova ◽  
Paula Corte-Leon ◽  
Juan Maria Blanco ◽  
Mihail Ipatov ◽  
Lorena Gonzalez-Legarreta ◽  

Amorphous magnetic microwires can be suitable for a variety of technological applications due to their excellent magnetic softness and giant magnetoimpedance (GMI) effect. Several approaches for optimization of soft magnetic properties and GMI effect of magnetic microwires covered with an insulating, flexible, and biocompatible glass coating with tunable magnetic properties are overviewed. The high GMI effect and soft magnetic properties, achieved even in as-prepared Co-rich microwires with a vanishing magnetostriction coefficient, can be further improved by appropriate heat treatment (including stress-annealing and Joule heating). Although as-prepared Fe-rich amorphous microwires exhibit low GMI ratio and rectangular hysteresis loops, stress-annealing, Joule heating, and combined stress-annealed followed by conventional furnace annealing can substantially improve the GMI effect (by more than an order of magnitude).

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Z. Li ◽  
K. F. Yao ◽  
T. C. Liu ◽  
X. Li ◽  
S. Wang

A series of nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloys with nominal compositions of Fe66.8-xCo10NixCu0.8Nb2.9Si11.5B8 (x = 1–15 at%) were developed and studied. Effects of annealing on the soft magnetic properties, crystallization behavior, and domain structure were investigated. The alloys with higher Ni content were prone to exhibit stronger magnetic anisotropy. The Fe66.8Co10Ni10Cu0.8Nb2.9Si11.5B8 alloy exhibited excellent soft magnetic properties, including the low permeability of 2000, low coercivity of about 0.6 A/m, and low remanence of 2.4 mT, together with a temperature gap of 128 K between two crystallization onset temperatures. It has been found that the Ni content and the annealing process possess significant effects on the soft magnetic property of the nanocrystalline alloys. It shows that the developed Fe66.8Co10Ni10Cu0.8Nb2.9Si11.5B8 nanocrystalline alloy exhibits great potentials for applying in the field of common mode chokes or current transformers, due to its ability to resist the direct current.

Youcan Yan ◽  
Yajing Shen ◽  
Chaoyang Song ◽  
Jia Pan

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