hinge joint
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2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (3) ◽  
Jian Zhang ◽  
Ting-Hua Yi ◽  
Chun-Xu Qu ◽  
Hong-Nan Li

A. V. Popov ◽  
I. V. Notov ◽  
A. A. Rozhnov

Results of simulation of stress-strain state of various design solutions of hinge of spherical converting mechanism for stepless drives are considered. Comparisons of hinge loading are given when using an intermediate bushing made of various materials and without it. Recommendations for designing such an element taking into account the peculiarities of the work are justified.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (3) ◽  
pp. 949
Su Youn Park ◽  
Joo-Hyeon Lee

In this study, a strain gauge sensor based on a change of contact or network structure between conductive materials was implemented using the handle-machine embroidery technique, and the variables (embroidery shape, embroidery distance, embroidery size, and implementation location) affecting its performance were studied. As a result of Experiment I on the structure of embroidery suitable for joint motion monitoring, the embroidery distance, rather than the embroidery size, was found to have a significant effect on the electric resistance changes caused by elongation. Based on the results of Experiment I, two types of zigzag embroideries, four types of embroideries with few contact points, and two types of embroideries with more contact points (all with short distances (2.0)) were selected for Experiment II (the dummy motion experiment). As a result of the dummy motion experiment, it was found that the locations of the suitable embroidered sensors for joint motion monitoring was the HJP (Hinge Joint Position) in the ‘types without a contact point’ (zigzag) and the LHJP (Lower Hinge Joint Position) in the ‘types with more contact points’. On the other hand, although there was no consistency among the ‘types with few contact points’, the resistance changes measured by the 2CP and 7CP embroidered sensors showed similar figures and patterns, and the HJP location was most suitable. The resistance changes measured by the 4CP and 6CP embroidered sensors exhibited no consistent patterns, but the LHJP locations were more suitable. These results indicate that the location of the HJP is suitable for measuring joint motion in the ‘type without a contact point’, and the location of the LHJP is suitable for measuring joint motion when the number of contact points exceeds a certain limit. Among them, the average resistance change of the 9CP sensor located at the LHJP was 40 Ω with the smallest standard deviation of less than 1, and it is thus considered to have the best performance among all the sensors.

2021 ◽  
pp. 151-156
N.P. Laryushin ◽  
I.Yu. Kukushkin ◽  
A. V. Shukov ◽  
T.A. Kiryukhina

Mark W. Anderson ◽  
Christine B. Chung

AbstractThe elbow is a complex joint made up of three separate articulations within a common capsule. The proximal ulna articulates with the trochlea and functions as a hinge joint, while the proximal radioulnar joint provides for rotational movement of the forearm. The radiocapitellar joint allows for both hinge and rotational movements. Together, these allow for flexion and extension of the arm and, in conjunction with the distal radioulnar joint at the wrist, pronation and supination as well.

ASCEND 2020 ◽  
2020 ◽  
Matthew Mahlin ◽  
Robert L. Wagner ◽  
John Dorsey ◽  
Thomas C. Jones

2020 ◽  
Fangyuan Mao ◽  
Cunyu Liu ◽  
Morgan Hill Chase ◽  
Andrew K Smith ◽  
Jin Meng

Abstract We report a new Cretaceous multituberculate mammal with 3D auditory bones preserved. Along with other fossil and extant mammals, the unequivocal auditory bones display features potentially representing ancestral phenotypes of the mammalian middle ear. These phenotypes show that the ectotympanic and the malleus-incus complex changed notably during their retreating from the dentary at various evolutionary stages and suggest convergent evolution of some features to extant mammals. In contrast, the incudomalleolar joint was conservative in having a braced hinge configuration, which narrows the morphological gap between the quadroarticular jaw joint of non-mammalian cynodonts and the incudomalleolar articulations of extant mammals. The saddle-shaped and abutting malleus-incus complexes in therians and monotremes, respectively, could have evolved from the braced hinge joint independently. The evolutionary changes recorded in the Mesozoic mammals are largely consistent with the middle ear morphogenesis during the ontogeny of extant mammals, supporting the relation between evolution and development.

2020 ◽  
Vol 53 (2) ◽  
pp. 16023-16030
Karsten Eckhoff ◽  
Manon Kok ◽  
Sergio Lucia ◽  
Thomas Seel

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