stress distribution
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L.K. Miroshnikova ◽  
A.Yu. Mezentsev ◽  
G.A. Kadyralieva ◽  
M.A. Perepelkin

This study focuses on the markers of tectonically stressed zones inside the rock mass, that were identified during the regional geodynamic zoning of the mine fields of the Talnakh orogenic system. Identification features for tracing geodynamically active structures within the western flank of the Talnakh orogenic system have been identified based on morphometric analysis of the Tunguska series sediments, which are the upper layer of the ore-bearing intrusions and associated ore deposits. In the larger morphostructural groups, the boundaries of contrastingly alternating zones of elevated and depressed absolute depths at the base and the roof of the Tunguska series sediments represent the boundaries of tectonic blocks of different elevation levels with sharply contrasting indices of terrain stress. The circular-shaped structures highlighted in the morphostructural schemes spatially coincide with the tectonic forms were formed as the result of strike-slip and torsional processes. A heterogeneity, which is reflected in the allocation of blocks with different values of the stress distribution coefficient (K) is identified in the initial stress field of the Tunguska series sediments. The boundaries of the geodynamic blocks that were identified using to different methods are identical. It is established that the assumed faults correspond to the faults identified based on the detailed exploration data.

2022 ◽  
Bandita Naik ◽  
Vijay Kaushik ◽  
Munendra Kumar

Abstract The computation of the boundary shear stress distribution in an open channel flow is required for a variety of applications, including the flow resistance relationship and the construction of stable channels. The river breaches the main channel and spills across the floodplain during overbank flow conditions on both sides. Due to the momentum shift between the primary channel and adjacent floodplains, the flow structure in such compound channels becomes complicated. This has a profound impact on the shear stress distribution in the floodplain and main channel subsections. In addition, agriculture and development activities have occurred in floodplain parts of a river system. As a consequence, the geometry of the floodplain changes over the length of the flow, resulting in a converging compound channel. Traditional formulas, which rely heavily on empirical approaches, are ineffective in predicting shear force distribution with high precision. As a result, innovative and precise approaches are still in great demand. The boundary shear force carried by floodplains is estimated by gene expression programming (GEP) in this paper. In terms of non-dimensional geometric and flow variables, a novel equation is constructed to forecast boundary shear force distribution. The proposed GEP-based method is found to be best when compared to conventional methods. The findings indicate that the predicted percentage shear force carried by floodplains determined using GEP is in good agreement with the experimental data compared to the conventional formulas (R2 = 0.96 and RMSE = 3.395 for the training data and R2 = 0.95 and RMSE = 4.022 for the testing data).

Yuxin Wang ◽  
Sansan Ao ◽  
Wei Zhang ◽  
Anqi Wang ◽  
Mingpeng Cheng ◽  

Abstract Ultrasonic spot welding (USW) has attracted increasing attention due to its high- throughput solid-state bonding mechanism, which shows great potential in the semiconductor and automotive industry for the joining of metal sheets. However, the short welding cycle makes it challenging to effectively monitor the temperature history and deformation of the workpieces during the USW process, especially for the materials with some special properties. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis model for USW of superelastic NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) with Cu interlayer was developed using ANSYS Workbench. The thermal-stress coupled phenomena including the heat generation and stress distribution during the welding process was simulated and analyzed. Firstly, the superelastic constitutive model of NiTi SMAs was constructed. The distribution of temperature and stress field was then obtained by thermal-stress analysis using the direct coupling method, and the superelasticity of SMAs was observed. The simulation results showed that the highest temperature occurred in the center of the welding area during USW, which is proportional to the welding time and inversely proportional to the clamping pressure. In addition, the maximum stress occurred at the center of the contact surface between upper NiTi and Cu interlayer. After that, the validity of the simulation results was verified by setting up a thermocouple temperature measurement platform to collect the temperature data, which exhibited a good agreement with the simulated results. The simulation procedure demonstrates its potential to predict temperature and stress distribution during USW process.

Noureddine Djebbar ◽  
Abdessamed Bachiri ◽  
Benali Boutabout

The design of an implant thread plays a fundamental role in the osseointegration process, particularly in low-density bone. It has been postulated that design features that maximize the surface area available for contact may improve mechanical anchorage and stability in cancellous bone. The primary stability of a dental implant is determined by the mechanical engagement between the implant and bone at the time of implant insertion. The contact area of implant-bone interfaces and the concentrated stresses on the marginal bones are principal concerns of implant designers. Numerous factors influence load transfer at the bone-implant interface, for example, the type of loading, surface structure, amount of surrounding bone, material properties of the implant and implant design. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the impact two different projectile of implant threads on stress distribution in the jawbone using three-dimensional finite element analysis.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Yuyu Hao ◽  
Shugang Li ◽  
Tianjun Zhang

Purpose This paper aims to propose a deployment optimization and efficient synchronous acquisition method for compressive stress sensors used by stress distribution law research based on the genetic algorithm and numerical simulations. The authors established a new method of collecting the mining compressive stress-strain distribution data to address the problem of the number of sensors and to optimize the sensor locations in physical similarity simulations to improve the efficiency and accuracy of data collection. Design/methodology/approach First, numerical simulations were used to obtain the compressive stress distribution curve under specific mining conditions. Second, by comparing the mean square error between a fitted curve and simulation data for different numbers of sensors, a genetic algorithm was used to optimize the three-dimensional (3D) spatial deployment of sensors. Third, the authors designed an efficient synchronous acquisition module to allow distributed sensors to achieve synchronous and efficient acquisition of hundreds of data points through a built-in on-board database and a synchronous sampling communication structure. Findings The sensor deployment scheme was established through the genetic algorithm, A synchronous and selective data acquisition method was established for reduced the amount of sensor data required under synchronous acquisition and improved the system acquisition efficiency. The authors obtained a 3D compressive stress distribution when the advancement was 200 m on a large-scale 3D physical similarity simulation platform. Originality/value The proposed method provides a new optimization method for sensor deployment in physical similarity simulations, which improves the efficiency and accuracy of system data acquisition, providing accurate acquisition data for experimental data analysis.

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