vital capacity
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2022 ◽  
Vol 28 (1) ◽  
pp. 10-13
Hua Tian

ABSTRACT Introduction: The main purpose of aerobic exercise is to enhance cardiopulmonary endurance, so it is necessary to build cardiopulmonary endurance response models based on different frequencies of aerobic exercise. Objective: To study the cardiopulmonary endurance response of women to different frequencies of aerobic exercise. Methods: Twenty young female desk workers (female teachers and civil servants) who worked out at a fitness club were randomly divided into two groups. Cardiopulmonary function, both before and after 16 weeks of aerobic exercise at different exercise loads, was studied and analyzed. Results: After 16 weeks of aerobic exercise at different exercise loads, all the young women had significantly improved their vital capacity (VC), and their maximum oxygen uptake ability was improved to a certain extent. Compared with the 45-minute aerobic exercise group, the vital capacity (VC)of 90-minute aerobic exercise group was significantly increased (P>0.05). Conclusions: When performed at a consistent frequency level, aerobic exercise with a relatively high exercise load can better develop the body’s respiratory system function. This may be due to deep stimulation of the respiratory system from high-load aerobic exercise, and ultimately to the intensive exercising of lung function. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.

Salim A. Si-Mohamed ◽  
Mouhamad Nasser ◽  
Marion Colevray ◽  
Olivier Nempont ◽  
Pierre-Jean Lartaud ◽  

Abstract Objectives To compare the lung CT volume (CTvol) and pulmonary function tests in an interstitial lung disease (ILD) population. Then to evaluate the CTvol loss between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and non-IPF and explore a prognostic value of annual CTvol loss in IPF. Methods We conducted in an expert center a retrospective study between 2005 and 2018 on consecutive patients with ILD. CTvol was measured automatically using commercial software based on a deep learning algorithm. In the first group, Spearman correlation coefficients (r) between forced vital capacity (FVC), total lung capacity (TLC), and CTvol were calculated. In a second group, annual CTvol loss was calculated using linear regression analysis and compared with the Mann–Whitney test. In a last group of IPF patients, annual CTvol loss was calculated between baseline and 1-year CTs for investigating with the Youden index a prognostic value of major adverse event at 3 years. Univariate and log-rank tests were calculated. Results In total, 560 patients (4610 CTs) were analyzed. For 1171 CTs, CTvol was correlated with FVC (r: 0.86) and TLC (r: 0.84) (p < 0.0001). In 408 patients (3332 CT), median annual CTvol loss was 155.7 mL in IPF versus 50.7 mL in non-IPF (p < 0.0001) over 5.03 years. In 73 IPF patients, a relative annual CTvol loss of 7.9% was associated with major adverse events (log-rank, p < 0.0001) in univariate analysis (p < 0.001). Conclusions Automated lung CT volume may be an alternative or a complementary biomarker to pulmonary function tests for the assessment of lung volume loss in ILD. Key Points • There is a good correlation between lung CT volume and forced vital capacity, as well as for with total lung capacity measurements (r of 0.86 and 0.84 respectively, p < 0.0001). • Median annual CT volume loss is significantly higher in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis than in patients with other fibrotic interstitial lung diseases (155.7 versus 50.7 mL, p < 0.0001). • In idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a relative annual CT volume loss higher than 9.4% is associated with a significantly reduced mean survival time at 2.0 years versus 2.8 years (log-rank, p < 0.0001).

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Fang Yi ◽  
Ziyu Jiang ◽  
Hu Li ◽  
Chunxing Guo ◽  
Hankun Lu ◽  

Introduction: Small airway dysfunction (SAD) commonly presents in patients with classic asthma, which is associated with airway inflammation, disease severity, and asthma control. However, the prevalence of SAD, its relationship with cough severity and airway inflammation, and its development after antiasthmatic treatment in patients with cough variant asthma (CVA) need to be clarified. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of SAD and its relationship with clinical and pathophysiological characteristics in patients with CVA and the change in small airway function after antiasthmatic treatment.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 120 corticosteroid-naïve patients with CVA who had finished a standard questionnaire and relevant tests in a specialist cough clinic, such as cough visual analog scale (VAS), differential cells in induced sputum, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurement, spirometry, and airway hyper-responsiveness. Information of 1-year follow-up was recorded in a part of patients who received complete cough relief after 2 months of treatment. SAD was defined as any two parameters of maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF)% pred, forced expiratory flow at 50% of forced vital capacity (FEF50%) pred, and forced expiratory flow at 75% of forced vital capacity (FEF75%) pred measuring &lt;65%.Results: SAD occurred in 73 (60.8%) patients with CVA before treatment. The patients with SAD showed a significantly longer cough duration (24.0 vs. 6.0, p = 0.031), a higher proportion of women (78.1 vs. 59.6%, p = 0.029), older mean age (41.9 vs. 35.4, p = 0.005), and significantly lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1%) pred, FEV1/FVC, MMEF% pred, FEF50% pred, FEF75% pred, PEF% pred, and PD20 (all p &lt; 0.01) as compared with patients without SAD. There were no significant differences in cough VAS, sputum eosinophils count, FeNO, and TIgE level between patients with SAD and those without SAD. Among 105 patients who completed 2 months of antiasthmatic treatment and repeatedly experienced spirometry measurement, 57 (54.3%) patients still had SAD, despite a significant improvement in cough VAS, sputum eosinophils, FeNO, FEF50% pred, and PEF% pred (all p &lt; 0.01). As compared with patients without SAD, patients with SAD showed no significant differences in the relapse rate (50.0 vs. 41.9%, p = 0.483) and wheeze development rate (10.4 vs. 0%, p = 0.063) during the follow-up.Conclusions: Small airway dysfunction occurred in over half of patients with CVA and persisted after short-term antiasthmatic treatment, which showed distinctive clinical and pathophysiological features.

Wang Li ◽  
Yufei Cui ◽  
Qiang Gong ◽  
Cong Huang ◽  
Feng Guo

Background: The use of smartphones has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, especially among the youth. However, smartphone overuse has been reported to be related to several negative mental and physical health outcomes. Although the association between smartphone use and physical fitness has been investigated in several studies, these studies only focused on specific elements of physical fitness, such as grip strength. In addition, evidence on young adults is limited. Thus, this study aimed to examine the association between the duration of smartphone use and physical fitness among Chinese university students. Methods: A total of 11,242 university students volunteered to participate in the study. The duration of smartphone use was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire. Physical fitness tests consisted of a 50-m sprint and vital capacity tests for both sexes, a 1000-m run and pull-up test for male students, and an 800-m run and sit-up test for female students. Results: The duration of smartphone use among the participants was 5.4 h/day for male students and 6.1 h/day for female students on average. After adjusting for confounding factors, in male students, a long duration of smartphone use was significantly associated with a slow 50 m sprint and 1000 m run time, lower pull-up times, and poor vital capacity (p = 0.004, 0.002, 0.002 and 0.040, respectively). In female students, a long duration of smartphone use was associated with a slow 800 m run time (p < 0.001). Conclusion: This study found that longer duration of smartphone use was associated with lower physical fitness among Chinese university students. The duration of smartphone use may be an influencing factor for physical fitness.

Trials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Wenlong Li ◽  
Yapei Song ◽  
Qiuping Xiang ◽  
Xinlei Wang ◽  
Xiaoyun Wei ◽  

Abstract Background Lung function is highly age-dependent as it decreases in varying degrees with age, even in healthy people. Decreased lung function results in less elastic lung tissue, reduced chest wall compliance, reduced area for gas exchange, and even a variety of chronic diseases. Traditional Chinese health exercise (TCHE) has three components: “breath regulation,” “body regulation,” and “heart regulation,” which play an important role in the improvement of lung function. However, which component has the most significant effect on lung functioning remains unclear. Therefore, depending on the modality of conditioning, TCHEs will be divided into three exercise intervention groups: breath regulation group, body regulation group, and heart regulation group, in order to explore the magnitude of the effect of the different modalities of conditioning on the improvement of lung function. Methods The prospective, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial will evaluate the effects of different conditioning methods of TCHE on lung function in middle-aged and elderly people. The study subjects are healthy middle-aged and elderly adults, who will be randomly divided into the “breath regulation group,” “body regulation group,” “heart regulation group,” and “control group.” The control group will receive health education. Health education and exercise intervention in the three intervention groups will be provided for 6 months, 5 times a week, with each session lasting 60 min. The outcomes of interest include changes in the pulmonary function tests measured at baseline and 3 and 6 months after the beginning of the intervention. The primary outcome is the forced vital capacity (FVC), while the secondary outcomes include forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), FVC/FEV1 ratio, vital capacity (VC), and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV). Discussion This study will assess the effects of different conditioning methods of TCHE on lung function in middle-aged and elderly people. The final findings of this study will validate the effectiveness and safety of TCHE on lung function interventions in middle-aged and elderly people. Trial registration China Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2100052687. Registered on November 3, 2021

2022 ◽  
Vol 104-B (1) ◽  
pp. 112-119
Raphaël Pietton ◽  
Houssam Bouloussa ◽  
Tristan Langlais ◽  
Jessica Taytard ◽  
Nicole Beydon ◽  

Aims This study addressed two questions: first, does surgical correction of an idiopathic scoliosis increase the volume of the rib cage, and second, is it possible to evaluate the change in lung function after corrective surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using biplanar radiographs of the ribcage with 3D reconstruction? Methods A total of 45 patients with a thoracic AIS which needed surgical correction and fusion were included in a prospective study. All patients underwent pulmonary function testing (PFT) and low-dose biplanar radiographs both preoperatively and one year after surgery. The following measurements were recorded: forced vital capacity (FVC), slow vital capacity (SVC), and total lung capacity (TLC). Rib cage volume (RCV), maximum rib hump, main thoracic curve Cobb angle (MCCA), medial-lateral and anteroposterior diameter, and T4-T12 kyphosis were calculated from 3D reconstructions of the biplanar radiographs. Results All spinal and thoracic measurements improved significantly after surgery (p < 0.001). RCV increased from 4.9 l (SD 1) preoperatively to 5.3 l (SD 0.9) (p < 0.001) while TLC increased from 4.1 l (SD 0.9) preoperatively to 4.3 l (SD 0.8) (p < 0.001). RCV was correlated with all functional indexes before and after correction of the deformity. Improvement in RCV was weakly correlated with correction of the mean thoracic Cobb angle (p = 0.006). The difference in TLC was significantly correlated with changes in RCV (p = 0.041). It was possible to predict postoperative TLC from the postoperative RCV. Conclusion 3D rib cage assessment from biplanar radiographs could be a minimally invasive method of estimating pulmonary function before and after spinal fusion in patients with an AIS. The 3D RCV reflects virtual chest capacity and hence pulmonary function in this group of patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2022;104-B(1):112–119.

This research paper is an initiative to provide insight associated with physiological health of employees’ by examining the interventions of yogic exercise on physiological health. The investigation was done to study the impact of Yoga and Pranayama on functioning of Lungs (vital capacity) and functioning of heart (resting heart rate) as an ancient therapy. The purpose of the study was found out the effect of aerobic exercise and yogic practices on resting pulse rate and vital capacity among employees of a private organization engaged in production of technical equipment’s for Indian Railway & Metro Trains & other such related industries. After taking due consent from the promoter and founder of PPS International, researcher randomly selected 120 subjects all males of age group 25-35years. Yoga helps to improve the lives of all age group irrespective of gender. It can be adopted from any stage of life or started at any age; yoga has shown excellent results on physiological health related variable of stressed working professionals.

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