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2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 481-504
Motahare ZaeamZadeh ◽  
Jafar Ahmadi ◽  
Bahareh Khatib Astaneh ◽  

Kouichi AKAHANE ◽  
Atsushi Matsumoto ◽  
Umezawa Toshimasa ◽  
Naokatsu YAMAMOTO ◽  
Yuki Yata ◽  

Abstract Random signal generation in a ring resonator laser is achieved with quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers. The lasing spectra were obtained over a wide range of wavelength, and the individual longitudinal modes acted as the channels for random number generation.

Roman Senkerik ◽  
Michal Pluhacek ◽  
Zuzana Kominkova Oplatkova

This research deals with the initial investigations on the concept of a chaos-driven evolutionary algorithm Differential evolution. This paper is aimed at the embedding of simple two-dimensional chaotic system, which is Lozi map, in the form of chaos pseudo random number generator for Differential Evolution. The chaotic system of interest is the discrete dissipative system. Repeated simulations were performed on standard benchmark Schwefel’s test function in higher dimensions. Finally, the obtained results are compared with canonical Differential Evolution.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xufen Xie ◽  
Chuanchuan Zhu ◽  
Di Wu ◽  
Ming Du

Naturally derived bioactive peptides with antihypertensive activities serve as promising alternatives to pharmaceutical drugs. There are few relevant reports on the mapping relationship between the EC50 value of antihypertensive peptide activity (AHTPA-EC50) and its corresponding amino acid sequence (AAS) at present. In this paper, we have constructed two group series based on sorting natural logarithm of AHTPA-EC50 or sorting its corresponding AAS encoding number. One group possesses two series, and we find that there must be a random number series in any group series. The random number series manifests fractal characteristics, and the constructed series of sorting natural logarithm of AHTPA-EC50 shows good autocorrelation characteristics. Therefore, two non-linear autoregressive models with exogenous input (NARXs) were established to describe the two series. A prediction method is further designed for AHTPA-EC50 prediction based on the proposed model. Two dynamic neural networks for NARXs (NARXNNs) are designed to verify the two series characteristics. Dipeptides and tripeptides are used to verify the proposed prediction method. The results show that the mean square error (MSE) of prediction is about 0.5589 for AHTPA-EC50 prediction when the classification of AAS is correct. The proposed method provides a solution for AHTPA-EC50 prediction.

Quantum ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
pp. 620
Armin Tavakoli ◽  
Emmanuel Zambrini Cruzeiro ◽  
Erik Woodhead ◽  
Stefano Pironio

We introduce new methods and tools to study and characterise classical and quantum correlations emerging from prepare-and-measure experiments with informationally restricted communication. We consider the most general kind of informationally restricted correlations, namely the ones formed when the sender is allowed to prepare statistical mixtures of mixed states, showing that contrary to what happens in Bell nonlocality, mixed states can outperform pure ones. We then leverage these tools to derive device-independent witnesses of the information content of quantum communication, witnesses for different quantum information resources, and demonstrate that these methods can be used to develop a new avenue for semi-device independent random number generators.

Diagnostics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 105
Fallon Branch ◽  
Isabella Santana ◽  
Jay Hegdé

When making decisions under uncertainty, people in all walks of life, including highly trained medical professionals, tend to resort to using ‘mental shortcuts’, or heuristics. Anchoring-and-adjustment (AAA) is a well-known heuristic in which subjects reach a judgment by starting from an initial internal judgment (‘anchored position’) based on available external information (‘anchoring information’) and adjusting it until they are satisfied. We studied the effects of the AAA heuristic during diagnostic decision-making in mammography. We provided practicing radiologists (N = 27 across two studies) a random number that we told them was the estimate of a previous radiologist of the probability that a mammogram they were about to see was positive for breast cancer. We then showed them the actual mammogram. We found that the radiologists’ own estimates of cancer in the mammogram reflected the random information they were provided and ignored the actual evidence in the mammogram. However, when the heuristic information was not provided, the same radiologists detected breast cancer in the same set of mammograms highly accurately, indicating that the effect was solely attributable to the availability of heuristic information. Thus, the effects of the AAA heuristic can sometimes be so strong as to override the actual clinical evidence in diagnostic tasks.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
Unsub Zia ◽  
Mark McCartney ◽  
Bryan Scotney ◽  
Jorge Martinez ◽  
Ali Sajjad

AbstractPseudo-random number generators (PRNGs) are one of the building blocks of cryptographic methods and therefore, new and improved PRNGs are continuously developed. In this study, a novel method to generate pseudo-random sequences using coupled map lattices is presented. Chaotic maps only show their chaotic behaviour for a specified range of control parameters, what can restrict their application in cryptography. In this work, generalised symmetric maps with adaptive control parameter are presented. This novel idea allows the user to choose any symmetric chaotic map, while ensuring that the output is a stream of independent and random sequences. Furthermore, to increase the complexity of the generated sequences, a lattice-based structure where every local map is linked to its neighbouring node via coupling factor has been used. The dynamic behaviour and randomness of the proposed system has been studied using Kolmogorov–Sinai entropy, bifurcation diagrams and the NIST statistical suite for randomness. Experimental results show that the proposed PRNG provides a large key space, generates pseudo-random sequences and is computationally suitable for IoT devices.

2022 ◽  
Jialin Cheng ◽  
Jiliang Qin ◽  
Shaocong Liang ◽  
Jiatong Li ◽  
zhihui yan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Pankiraj Jeya Bright ◽  
Vishnuvarthanan Govindaraj ◽  
Yu-Dong Zhang ◽  
Pallikonda Rajasekaran ◽  
Anisha Milton ◽  

Abstract Many researchers worked on scalable coding for unencrypted images, and there is more space for research in scalable coding for encrypted images. This paper proposes a novel method of scalable coding for encrypted images, especially for lossy compression images using the Modified Absolute Moment Block Truncation Code (MAMBTC) technique. The given input image is compressed using MAMBTC and then encrypted using a Pseudo-Random Number (PRNG) at the encryption phase. The PRNG is shared between the encoder and the decoder. At the decryption phase, the compressed pixel value is obtained by decryption using the PRNG and then reconstructed using MAMBTC, scaled by scaling factor 2 and Bilinear Interpolation Technique to obtain the original image. MAMBTC gives better image quality than Block Truncation Code (BTC), a higher PSNR of 36.32 dB, and a Compression ratio of 1.09, which makes the proposed system ready for the signal processing community/applications.

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