relaxation techniques
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Samantha P. Bento ◽  
Amy E. Hale ◽  
Rachael Coakley

Chronic pain is pain that lasts for more than 3 months. About one quarter of kids and teens have this type of pain. Chronic pain includes problems like frequent headaches, stomachaches, or ongoing joint or muscle pain and it often interferes with kids’ sleep, school, activities, and friendships. Even though chronic pain can have a big impact on kids’ lives, “chronic” does not mean “permanent.” Most kids recover from chronic pain. However, many kids are surprised to hear that a part of getting better involves learning a group of skills that are based in psychology. These skills include a combination of mind-body relaxation techniques and strategies for breaking the cycles of pain focused thoughts and avoidance behaviors. Learning these skills helps to boost feelings of comfort, lowers pain, and gets kids back to doing the things they love!

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Ayegbusi Dami Florence

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to consider the simultaneous flow of Casson Williamson non Newtonian fluids in a vertical porous medium under the influence of variable thermos-physical parameters. Design/methodology/approach The model equations are a set of partial differential equations (PDEs). These PDEs were transformed into a non-dimensionless form using suitable non-dimensional quantities. The transformed equations were solved numerically using an iterative method called spectral relaxation techniques. The spectral relaxation technique is an iterative method that uses the Gauss-Seidel approach in discretizing and linearizing the set of equations. Findings It was found out in the study that a considerable number of variable viscosity parameter leads to decrease in the velocity and temperature profiles. Increase in the variable thermal conductivity parameter degenerates the velocity as well as temperature profiles. Hence, the variable thermo-physical parameters greatly influence the non-Newtonian fluids flow. Originality/value This study considered the simultaneous flow of Casson-Williamson non-Newtonian fluids by considering the fluid thermal properties to vary within the fluid layers. To the best of the author’s knowledge, such study has not been considered in literature.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 52-53
Natasha Odessa Grimard ◽  
Nissim Frija-Gruman ◽  
Steven Grover

A good night’s sleep is well known to be imperative for maintaining one’s overall wellness. Yet, about half of Canadian adults struggle with falling asleep or maintaining sleep. The impacts of insufficient sleep are wide-ranging, from physiological correlates such as diabetes to mental correlates such as depression. Effective treatments for sleep-related issues exist: for example, online interventions for insomnia have been found to be effective. As a medicine and a health psychology student at, respectively, Sherbrooke University and McGill University, we worked on the MissionVAV health promotion program during the COVID-19 pandemic, providing free gamified interventions for Canadian Veterans and their families. Over the course of several online interventions related to physical health, we observed that a large proportion of our participants were dissatisfied with their sleep. Consequently, we have developed an 8-week online sleep intervention to address this primordial element of primary prevention. The intervention aims to better our participants’ sleep through providing weekly readings on the following topics: age-related changes in sleep, proper sleep hygiene, varied relaxation techniques as well as the relationship between sleep and chronic pain, menopause, shift work, rumination, exercise and light. To promote healthy sleep hygiene habits, daily self-assessment questions are provided and are incentivized through points and storytelling. Furthermore, health coaches trained in sleep medicine follow participants throughout their journey to provide support and reinforcement. Ultimately, the intervention aims to shed light on the importance of sleep within preventative medicine, tackling it systematically in an engaging, gamified fashion.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 98-107
Dwi Rohyani

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of relaxation techniques and distraction techniques on reducing pain scale in postoperative patients at UKI Hospital in 2020. This study used a cross sectional study approach which aims to determine the effect of relaxation and distraction techniques on postoperative patients at UKI Hospital. Cross sectional is a method for approaching respondents (point time approach) which is carried out at one time. the independent variable is relaxation technique and the dependent variable distraction is the decrease in pain scale in postoperative patients. The results of the study concluded that there were differences in the results of the pain scale between the pre-test and post-test with the Relaxation technique in postoperative patients. Most of the respondents had moderate pain scale results as many as 77% of postoperative patients, the group after intervention with Relaxation showed that most respondents had mild pain scale results as many as 86% of postoperative patients. There is a difference in the results of the pain scale between the pre-test and post-test with the Distraction technique in postoperative patients. Most of the respondents had controlled severe pain scale results as many as 88% of patients, the group after the distraction intervention showed that most of the respondents had moderate pain scale results as many as 79% of patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 182
Nurleli Nurleli ◽  
Ainayya Afninda Utami ◽  
Erita Gustina ◽  
Suvi Novida

Bronchial asthma is a disease of respiratory tract obstruction caused by muscle contraction, inflammation, and accumulation of secretions around the bronchi. Meeting the need for oxygenation is part of the management of asthmatic bronchial patients. This case study aims to describe the fulfillment of oxygenation needs. The case study method uses a descriptive design with a nursing care approach in the same two cases, namely respondents with bronchial asthma. The case study was conducted at the Putri Hijau Kindergarten II Hospital from October to December 2018. The data collection method was through interviews, physical examinations, supporting examinations, using the assessment format as an instrument in data collection. After intervention with effective cough relaxation techniques as well as collaboration in the administration of drug and oxygen therapy, during four days of treatment, both respondents were able to meet their oxygenation needs optimally. It was concluded that the intervention had an effect on the effectiveness of airway clearance so as to eliminate shortness of breath, based on this study, it is hoped that it can be applied by health workforce.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (4) ◽  
pp. 433-442
I.L. Gureeva ◽  
A.A. Velikanov ◽  
K.M. Koraikina ◽  
E.R. Isaeva ◽  

The article is devoted to the study of emotional burnout syndrome in students of medical higher educational institutions at different stages of training. The study was based on the assumption that medical students at different stages of professional training have differences in the emotional and personal sphere, in the level of sociopsychological adaptation and in the level of empathy. The aim of the study was to study the psychological aspects of burnout syndrome in medical university students at different stages of vocational training. To achieve this goal, methods were used to study emotional and personal characteristics and socio-psychological adaptation. The study revealed differences in the emotional and personal sphere and in the level of sociopsychological adaptation. Also, there are targets of influence for psychocorrective and psychoeducational work with students, namely non-adaptive adaptation strategies, ways to overcome stress and a negative assessment of prospects. And for the prevention of burnout syndrome, it is advisable to use the Stress Management program, which is aimed at teaching and training ways to effectively get out of difficult stressful situations and preserve the resource state, goal-setting skills and proactive thinking, as well as the study of various relaxation techniques.

Wachiranun Sirikul ◽  
Krongporn Ongprasert ◽  
Chanodom Piankusol ◽  
Penprapa Siviroj

Numerous nations have implemented lockdown measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a consequence of the lockdown on daily living, social participation, and health service accessibility, vulnerable people, for example, new mothers, may experience an increase in mental health problems. This cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on Thai new mothers and the variables affecting their mental health. The survey data were collected from 903 Thai mothers with infants aged 0–12 months using an online platform and a face-to-face interview questionnaire survey between 17 July and 17 October 2020, during the first nationwide COVID-19 lockdown period. For the final analysis, there were 862 participants who completed all of the questions. The full exploratory analysis was performed by multivariable linear regression to identify the variables influencing maternal mental health. Our study demonstrated that new mothers reported feeling a high extent to some extent of worry (44.9%), increased appetite (40.4%), becoming easily annoyed or irritable (39.1%), and feeling down (33.5%), whereas 82.7% felt able to cope with the first lockdown situation. Practiced relaxation techniques were associated with positive maternal mental health (adjusted β = 1.05, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.52, p < 0.001). The perceived impact of the COVID-19 lockdown was on the household’s ability to pay for rent, to make mortgage payments (adjusted β = −1.59, 95% CI −2.87 to −0.36, p = 0.011), the household’s ability to pay for other essentials, such as utilities and medication (adjusted β = −1.99, 95% CI −3.16 to −0.81, p = 0.001), household crowding after lockdown (adjusted β = −3.46, 95% CI −4.86 to −2.06, p < 0.001), and not going outside or doing outdoor activities (adjusted β = −2.22, 95% CI −3.35 to −1.08, p < 0.001). These impacts were significantly associated with negative mental health. In conclusion, our results emphasize the critical need for continuous monitoring of maternal mental health and developing an effective response strategy and activity for promoting maternal mental health under the stress of repetitive lockdowns and increased economic pressures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 337-342
Agus Wantoro ◽  
Agus Sulistyowati

Background: Anxiety in children who will undergo circumcision is recognized as part of the trauma experienced by children due to actions that are considered dangerous for themselves. Excessive anxiety in pre circumcision can be prevented through one of the techniques of deep breathing relaxation.  Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of relaxation techniques on anxiety in patients with pre-circumcision surgery at the Circumcised House Sarirogo, Sidoarjo. Design: The population target was all of the patient for the circumcision in the Circumcised House of Sarirogo, Sidoarjo as many as 28 respondents. The technique sampling in this study used Consecutive Sampling technique. The sample size obtained 22 respondents. The independent variable in this study is relaxation techniques and the dependent variable is the anxiety of pre-circumcision patients. Data were taken using a questionnaire about anxiety given to respondents before and after relaxation techniques were carried out on 1–15 September 2020. This study used Wilcoxon Statistic Test and this research design used a pre-experimental one group pretest-posttest design. Results: The results showed as many as 7 respondents (31.8%) experienced severe anxiety levels before the relaxation technique was applied, while after being given relaxation techniques, the respondent's anxiety level decreased to 3 respondents (13.6%o). Based on statistical analysis result, it found that relaxation technique affects to the level of anxiety positively (p-value = .000). Conclusion: Relaxation techniques in nursing interventions are to divert or distance the client's attention to something that is being faced. While the benefits of this technique, that is, so that someone who receives this technique feels more comfortable, relaxed, and feels in a pleasant position.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 216-226
Noor Azimah Muhammad ◽  

Stress is common among adolescents that impairs their well-being. This study aimed at determining the usability and feasibility of a newly developed mobile apps, DailyCalm in reducing stress among secondary school students in Kedah. They were recruited via convenience sampling using social media in August 2020 during COVID-19 pandemic. An access link was provided to download the DailyCalm apps that contained videos teaching on breathing and relaxation techniques. Students were encouraged to use the apps thrice a week. Students responded to an online form that measured stress level using Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) at baseline and four weeks later and perception on the usability and feasibility of the apps after four weeks of use. Among the 80 students aged 13 to 17 years who completed the study, 83.8% of them were having moderate to high level of stress. The students rated the apps as moderately usable with mean of 39.91 (SD = 6.12) and highly feasible with mean of 41.74 (SD = 6.99). However, there was no significant reduction in PSS score after 4 weeks of use [mean of 18.10 (SD =5.15) at baseline and mean of 17.44 (SD =5.06) at post-intervention; p-value = 0.19]. In conclusion, DailyCalm was viewed as moderately usable and highly feasible, yet its use over 4 weeks did not show a significant reduction in the stress level experienced by the students. The DailyCalm app has the potential to be used as a stress management application but needs further improvement for an effective use.

YMER Digital ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (12) ◽  
pp. 656-665
S Ramya ◽  
Dr. A Balu ◽  

Employee is a back bone of every organization, without employee no work can be done. Employed individuals spend a majority of their adult life making a living for themselves and their families. Objectives of the study. To study the job satisfaction of employees in TBFKumbakonam and to learn the factors influencing and affecting job satisfaction of employees in TBFKumbakonam. Descriptive and Conclusive in Nature of the research design adopted in this study.primary as well as secondary data have been used in this study.Primary data collected through structured questionnaire. Important findings of the study. It was found that almost all the respondents have registered their positive opinion about the experience they obtain in their work. Only a few respondents do not have any opinion and another few expressed that their rest interval is not adequate and inadequate facilities to attend their job. Suggested in this study, Redressing grievances, then and there to keep the employee and their colleagues relationship intact and provide relaxation techniques like yoga and meditation may be arranged by the organization. Conclude this study. As employees services are considered as emerging field, the problems of the employees will definitely affect their profession and so conflicts in all the aspects should be eliminated.

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