high throughput screening
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2022 ◽  
Vol 74 ◽  
pp. 204-210
Author(s):  
Liam Richard Jenkins Sánchez ◽  
Silke Claus ◽  
Liv Teresa Muth ◽  
José Manuel Salvador López ◽  
Inge Van Bogaert

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 ◽  
pp. 101336
Author(s):  
Madeleine Landry ◽  
Dylan Nelson ◽  
Eunseo Choi ◽  
Allison DuRoss ◽  
Conroy Sun

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Luyao Wang ◽  
Yurong Chen ◽  
Xinrui Liu ◽  
Ziyi Li ◽  
Xiangpeng Dai

Cancer is one of the main causes of disease-related deaths in the world. Although cancer treatment strategies have been improved in recent years, the survival time of cancer patients is still far from satisfied. Cancer immunotherapy, such as Oncolytic virotherapy, Immune checkpoints inhibition, Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy, Chimeric antigen receptor natural killer (CAR-NK) cell therapy and macrophages genomic modification, has emerged as an effective therapeutic strategy for different kinds of cancer. However, many patients do not respond to the cancer immunotherapy which warrants further investigation to optimize this strategy. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9), as a versatile genome engineering tool, has become popular in the biology research field and it was also applied to optimize tumor immunotherapy. Moreover, CRISPR-based high-throughput screening can be used in the study of immunomodulatory drug resistance mechanism. In this review, we summarized the development as well as the application of CRISPR/Cas9 technology in the cancer immunotherapy and discussed the potential problems that may be caused by this combination.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yamei Zhuang ◽  
Sihui Chen ◽  
Wenjun Lian ◽  
Li Xu ◽  
Dian Wang ◽  
...  

Wood formation of trees is a complex and costly developmental process, whose regulatory network is involved in the protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions. To detect such interactions in wood development, we developed a high-throughput screening system with 517 Gal4-AD-wood-associated transcription factors (TFs) library from Populus alba × P. glandulosa cv “84K.” This system can be used for screening the upstream regulators and interacting proteins of targets by mating-based yeast-one hybrid (Y1H) and yeast-two-hybrid (Y2H) method, respectively. Multiple regulatory modules of lignin biosynthesis were identified based on this Populus system. Five TFs interacted with the 500-bp promoter fragment of PHENYLALANINE AMMONIA-LYASE 2 (PAL2), the first rate-limiting enzyme gene in the lignin biosynthesis pathway, and 10 TFs interacted with PaMYB4/LTF1, a key regulator of lignin biosynthesis. Some of these interactions were further validated by EMSA and BiFC assays. The TF-PaPAL2 promoter interaction and TF-PaMYB4 interaction revealed a complex mechanism governing the regulation of lignin synthesis in wood cells. Our high-throughput Y1H/Y2H screening system may be an efficient tool for studying regulatory network of wood formation in tree species.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Samantha M. Hall ◽  
Lena Landaverde ◽  
Christopher Gill ◽  
Grace Midori Yee ◽  
Madison Sullivan ◽  
...  

RT-qPCR has been used as the gold standard method for detecting SARS-CoV-2 since early in the pandemic. At our university based high throughput screening program, we test all members of our community weekly. RT-qPCR cycle threshold (CT) values are inversely proportional to the amount of viral RNA in a sample, and thus are a proxy for viral load. We hypothesized that CT values would be higher, and thus the viral loads at the time of diagnosis would be lower in individuals who were infected with the virus but remained asymptomatic throughout the course of the infection. We collected the N1 and N2 CT values from 1633 SARS-CoV-2 positive RT-qPCR tests of individuals sampled between August 7, 2020, and March 18, 2021, at the BU Clinical Testing Laboratory. We matched this data with symptom reporting data from our clinical team. We found that asymptomatic patients had CT values significantly higher than symptomatic individuals on the day of diagnosis. Symptoms were followed by the clinical team for 10 days post the first positive test. Within the entire population, 78.1% experienced at least one symptom during surveillance by the clinical team (n=1276/1633). Of those experiencing symptoms, the most common symptoms were nasal congestion (73%, n=932, 1276), cough (60.0%, n=761/1276), fatigue (59.0%, n=753/1276), and sore throat (53.1%, n=678/1276). The least common symptoms were diarrhea (12.5%, n=160/1276), dyspnea on exertion (DOE) (6.9%, n=88/1276), foot or skin changes (including rash) (4.2%, n=53/1276), and vomiting (2.1%, n= 27/1276). Presymptomatic individuals, those who were not symptomatic on the day of diagnosis but became symptomatic over the following 10 days, had CT values higher for both N1 (median= 27.1, IQR 20.2- 32.9) and N2 (median=26.6, IQR 20.1-32.8) than the symptomatic group N1 (median= 21.8, IQR 17.2- 29.4) and N2 (median= 21.4, IQR 17.3- 28.9) but lower than the asymptomatic group N1 (median=29.9, IQR 23.6-35.5) and N2 (median= 30.0, IQR 23.1- 35.7). This study supports the hypothesis that viral load in the anterior nares on the day of diagnosis is a measure of disease intensity at that time.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yizhe Zhang ◽  
Jeremy J Agresti ◽  
Yu Zheng ◽  
David A Weitz

A restriction endonuclease (RE) is an enzyme that can recognize a specific DNA sequence and cleave that DNA into fragments with double-stranded breaks. This sequence-specific cleaving ability and its ease of use have made REs commonly used tools in molecular biology since their first isolation and characterization in 1970s. While artificial REs still face many challenges in large-scale synthesis and precise activity control for practical use, searching for new REs in natural samples remains a viable route for expanding the RE pool for fundamental research and industrial applications. In this paper, we propose a new strategy to search for REs in an efficient fashion. Briefly, we construct a host bacterial cell to link the RE genotype to the phenotype of β-galactosidase expression based on the bacterial SOS response, and use a high-throughput microfluidic platform to isolate, detect and sort the REs. We employ this strategy to screen for the XbaI gene from constructed libraries of varied sizes. In single round of sorting, a 30-fold target enrichment was obtained within 1 h. The direct screening approach we propose shows potential for efficient search of desirable REs in natural samples compared to the conventional RE-screening method, and is amenable to being adapted to high-throughput screening of other genotoxic targets.


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