magnetic particles
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2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 919
Hyeryeong Jeong ◽  
Kongtae Ra

Pollution characteristics and ecological risks for metals in non-magnetic and magnetic road dust from steel industrial areas were investigated by applying a magnetic separation method. Metal (except for Al, Li, Ti, As, and Sb) concentrations in the magnetic road dust were 1.2 (Sn) to 7.8 (Fe) times higher than those in the non-magnetic road dust. For the magnetic road dust, the geo-accumulation index revealed a strongly to extremely polluted status for Cr, Zn, Cd, and Sb, a strongly polluted status for Mn, Cu, and Pb, and a moderately to strongly polluted status for Fe, Ni, Mo, and Hg. This result indicates that the dominant metal pollution sources of road dust in industrial areas were the traffic activities of heavy-duty vehicles. The mean content of magnetic particles accounted for 44.7% of the total road dust. The metal loadings in the magnetic road dust were 86% (Fe), 77% (Cr), 67% (Mn), 86% (Ni), 76% (Cu), 72% (Zn), 64% (Mo), and 62% (Cd), respectively. Removal of the magnetic fraction from road dust using magnetic separation techniques not only reduces metal contamination but can also improve effective road cleaning strategies or reduce waste generation.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 528
Tadeusz Czech

Iron and other metal compounds are the materials that often appear in coal seams, because they also appear as a component of former organic matter in coal rocks. Although iron is the dominant element in coal rocks, other metals such as titanium, lead, cobalt, nickel, and copper are also present. In this study, the properties of magnetic particles of a size between 1 and 20 µm of globular structure and iron containing, were separated from coal fly ash, and studied using a scanning electron microscopy, energy disperse spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy. The investigations were comprised of micrographs of the structure of these particles, their elemental composition, and phase analysis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Samina Majeed ◽  
Farhad Ali ◽  
Anees Imtiaz ◽  
Ilyas Khan ◽  
Mulugeta Andualem

AbstractIn recent years, the use of magnetic particles for biomedicine and clinical therapies has gained considerable attention. Unique features of magnetic particles have made it possible to apply them in medical techniques. These techniques not only provide minimal invasive diagnostic tools but also transport medicine within the cell. In recent years, MRI, drug supply to infected tissue, Hyperthermia are more enhanced by the use of magnetic particles. The present study aims to observe heat and mass transport through blood flow containing magnetic particles in a cylindrical tube. Furthermore, the magnetic field is applied vertically to blood flow direction. The Caputo time fractional derivative is used to model the problem. The obtained partial fractional derivatives are solved using Laplace transform and finite Hankel transform. Furthermore, the effect of various physical parameters of our interest has also been observed through various graphs. It has been noticed that the motion of blood and magnetic particles is decelerated when the particle mass parameter and the magnetic parameter are increased. These findings are important for medicine delivery and blood pressure regulation.

Crystals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 83
Nikolai Yudin ◽  
Andrei Khudoley ◽  
Mikhail Zinoviev ◽  
Sergey Podzvalov ◽  
Elena Slyunko ◽  

Magnetorheological processing was applied to polish the working surfaces of single-crystal ZnGeP2, in which a non-aqueous liquid with the magnetic particles of carbonyl iron with the addition of nanodiamonds was used. Samples of a single-crystal ZnGeP2 with an Angstrom level of surface roughness were received. The use of magnetorheological polish allowed the more accurate characterization of the possible structural defects that emerged on the surface of a single crystal and had a size of ~0.5–1.5 μm. The laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) value at the indicated orders of magnitude of the surface roughness parameters was determined not by the quality of polishing, but by the number of point depressions caused by the physical limitations of the structural configuration of the crystal volume. These results are in good agreement with the assumption made about a significant effect of the concentration of dislocations in a ZnGeP2 crystal on LIDT.

V. V. Rusakov ◽  
Y. L. Raikher

A model is developed to describe the oscillations of optical anisotropy induced in a viscoelastic ferrocolloid (nanodispersion of magnetic particles) by an AC magnetic field. The viscoelasticity of the matrix (carrier medium) is assumed to obey the Jeffreys rheological scheme, whose advantage is that with the aid of just two viscous parameters and a single one for elasticity it enables one to vary the retarded mechanical response of the carrier from a weakly Maxwellian fluid to a medium with the rheology of a Kelvin gel. As the orientational motion of the particles driven by the AC field is always strongly affected by thermal motion, the occurring process is described with the aid of a kinetic (Fokker–Planck type) equation that combines diffusional and drift terms. On this basis, an exact evolution equation for the macroscopic optical anisotropy of a ferrocolloid is derived that is, however, just one link in an infinite chain of equations for statistical moments. The solution is obtained by applying effective field approximation: reducing the number of moment equations to their minimum and closing the chosen set. This solution is substituted to the scheme of a standard polarimetric set-up, and it is demonstrated how the peculiarities imparted by viscoelasticity should manifest themselves on the intensity of the light transmitted through the set up containing a ferrocolloid sample. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Transport phenomena in complex systems (part 2)’.

Lab on a Chip ◽  
2022 ◽  
Roozbeh Abedini-Nassab ◽  
Xianting Ding ◽  
Haiyang Xie

The use of magnetic micro- and nanoparticles in medicine and biology is expanding. One important example is the transport of magnetic microparticles and magnetized cells in lab-on-a-chip systems. The magnetic...

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