ray scattering
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2022 ◽  
Vol 579 ◽  
pp. 121370
Fumiya Noritake ◽  
Tomoko Sato ◽  
Akane Yamamoto ◽  
Daisuke Wakabayashi ◽  
Satoru Urakawa ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 55 (1) ◽  
Nie Zhao ◽  
Chunming Yang ◽  
Fenggang Bian ◽  
Daoyou Guo ◽  
Xiaoping Ouyang

In situ synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) is a powerful tool for studying dynamic processes during material preparation and application. The processing and analysis of large data sets generated from in situ X-ray scattering experiments are often tedious and time consuming. However, data processing software for in situ experiments is relatively rare, especially for grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS). This article presents an open-source software suite (SGTools) to perform data processing and analysis for SAXS and GISAXS experiments. The processing modules in this software include (i) raw data calibration and background correction; (ii) data reduction by multiple methods; (iii) animation generation and intensity mapping for in situ X-ray scattering experiments; and (iv) further data analysis for the sample with an order degree and interface correlation. This article provides the main features and framework of SGTools. The workflow of the software is also elucidated to allow users to develop new features. Three examples are demonstrated to illustrate the use of SGTools for dealing with SAXS and GISAXS data. Finally, the limitations and future features of the software are also discussed.

Kristjan Kunnus ◽  
Meiyuan Guo ◽  
Elisa Biasin ◽  
Christopher B. Larsen ◽  
Charles J. Titus ◽  

Gels ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 37
Artur J. Martins ◽  
Fátima Cerqueira ◽  
António A. Vicente ◽  
Rosiane L. Cunha ◽  
Lorenzo M. Pastrana ◽  

Novel fat mimetic materials, such as oleogels, are advancing the personalization of healthier food products and can be developed from low molecular weight compounds such as γ oryzanol and β-sitosterol. Following molecular assembly, the formation of a tubular system ensues, which seems to be influenced by elements such as the oleogelators’ concentration and ratio, cooling rates, and storage periods. Sterol-based oleogels were formulated under distinct environmental conditions, and a comprehensive study aimed to assess the effects of the mentioned factors on oleogel formation and stability, through visual observation and by using techniques such as small-angle X-ray scattering, X-ray diffraction, confocal Raman spectroscopy, rheology, and polarized microscopy. The long, rod-like conformations, identified by small-angle X-ray scattering, showed that different cooling rates influence oleogels’ texture. Raman spectra showed that the stabilization time is associated with the interfibrillar aggregation, which occurred differently for 8 and 10 wt%, with a proven relationship between ferulic acid and the tubular formation. This report gives fundamental insight into the critical point of gelation, referring to the time scale of the molecular stabilization. Our results verify that understanding the structuring mechanisms of oleogelation is decisive for the processing and manufacturing of novel foods which integrate oleogels in their structure.

Richard Osgood ◽  
Yassine Ait-El-Aoud ◽  
Katherine Bullion ◽  
Sean Dinneen ◽  
Richard Kingsborough ◽  

Abstract Understanding scattering of visible and infrared photons from nanomaterials and nanostructured materials is increasingly important for imaging, thermal management, and detection, and has implications for other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., x-ray scattering and radar). New, interesting reports of photon scattering as a diagnostic probe, from inelastic x-ray scattering and interference to “nano-FTIR” microscopy using infrared photons, have been published and are under active investigation in laboratories around the world. Here, we report, for the first time to our best knowledge, the experimental discovery of a Fabry-Perot interference pattern that is scattered by the sub-monolayer array of plasmonic Ag nanoparticles, and confirm it analytically and with rigorous numerical FDTD simulations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 013411
Claudia Lau ◽  
Nicholas G. Combs ◽  
Evguenia Karapetrova ◽  
Juan Jiang ◽  
Susanne Stemmer ◽  

ScienceAsia ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 48 (1) ◽  
pp. 37
Sujintana Wongthong ◽  
Nuntaporn Kamonsutthipaijit ◽  
Cholthicha Kaewhan ◽  
Aroonwadee Chanawong ◽  
Patcharaporn Tippayawat ◽  

Soft Matter ◽  
2022 ◽  
Dmitry Lapkin ◽  
Nastasia Mukharamova ◽  
Dameli Assalauova ◽  
Svetlana Dubinina ◽  
Jens Stellhorn ◽  

Depending on the volume fraction and interparticle interactions, colloidal suspensions can form different phases, ranging from fluids, crystals, and glasses to gels. For soft microgels that are made from thermoresponsive...

Thomas Chaney ◽  
Maged A. Abdelsamie ◽  
Hongping Yan ◽  
Sebastian Schneider ◽  
Ismail Alperen Ayhan ◽  

Improving the morphology of bulk heterojunction active layers remains a primary challenge for organic photovoltaics (OPVs), and much research has been devoted to achieving this through modifying OPV casting solutions...

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