Node Centrality
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2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 2700-2719
Siyuan Yin ◽  
Yanmei Hu ◽  
Yuchun Ren

<abstract> <p>Many systems in real world can be represented as network, and network analysis can help us understand these systems. Node centrality is an important problem and has attracted a lot of attention in the field of network analysis. As the rapid development of information technology, the scale of network data is rapidly increasing. However, node centrality computation in large-scale networks is time consuming. Parallel computing is an alternative to speed up the computation of node centrality. GPU, which has been a core component of modern computer, can make a large number of core tasks work in parallel and has the ability of big data processing, and has been widely used to accelerate computing. Therefore, according to the parallel characteristic of GPU, we design the parallel algorithms to compute three widely used node centralities, i.e., closeness centrality, betweenness centrality and PageRank centrality. Firstly, we classify the three node centralities into two groups according to their definitions; secondly, we design the parallel algorithms by mapping the centrality computation of different nodes into different blocks or threads in GPU; thirdly, we analyze the correlations between different centralities in several networks, benefited from the designed parallel algorithms. Experimental results show that the parallel algorithms designed in this paper can speed up the computation of node centrality in large-scale networks, and the closeness centrality and the betweenness centrality are weakly correlated, although both of them are based on the shortest path.</p> </abstract>

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Sara Ansari ◽  
Jobst Heitzig ◽  
Laura Brzoska ◽  
Hartmut H. K. Lentz ◽  
Jakob Mihatsch ◽  

The movements of animals between farms and other livestock holdings for trading activities form a complex livestock trade network. These movements play an important role in the spread of infectious diseases among premises. For studying the disease spreading among animal holdings, it is of great importance to understand the structure and dynamics of the trade system. In this paper, we propose a temporal network model for animal trade systems. Furthermore, a novel measure of node centrality important for disease spreading is introduced. The experimental results show that the model can reasonably well describe these spreading-related properties of the network and it can generate crucial data for research in the field of the livestock trade system.

Piotr Bereznowski ◽  
Aleksandra Bereznowska ◽  
Paweł A. Atroszko ◽  
Roman Konarski

Abstract This study aimed to investigate direct relationships of work addiction symptoms with dimensions of work engagement. We used three samples in which work addiction was measured with the Bergen Work Addiction Scale and work engagement was measured with the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. One sample comprised responses from working Norwegians (n1 = 776), and two samples comprised responses from working Poles (n2 = 719; n3 = 715). We jointly estimated three networks using the fused graphic lasso method. Additionally, we estimated the stability of each network, node centrality, and node predictability and quantitatively compared all networks. The results showed that absorption and mood modification could constitute a bridge between work addiction and work engagement. It suggests that further investigation of properties of absorption and mood modification might be crucial for answering the question of how engaged workers become addicted to work.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (10) ◽  
pp. 674
Lingjin Wang ◽  
Xiao Wu ◽  
Yan He

With the rapid development of transportation and modern communication technology, “tourism flow” plays an important role in shaping tourism’s spatial structure. In order to explore the impact of an urban tourism flow network on tourism’s spatial structure, this study summarizes the structural characteristics of the tourism flow networks of 43 scenic spots in Nanjing from three aspects—tourism flow network connection, node centrality, and communities—using cellular signaling data and the social network analysis method. A comparative analysis revealed the tourism flow network structures of residents and non-local tourists. Our findings indicated four points. Firstly, the overall network connectivity was relatively good. Core city nodes displayed high spatial concentration and connection strength. However, suburban nodes delivered poor performance. Secondly, popular nodes were intimately connected, although there were no “bridging” nodes. Lesser-known nodes were marginalized, resulting in severe node polarization. Thirdly, regarding the network community structure, the spatial boundary between communities was relatively clear; the communities within the core city were more closely connected, with some parts encompassing suburban nodes. Most suburban communities were attached to the communities in the core area, with individual nodes existing independently. Fourthly, the primary difference in the tourism flow network structures between residents and non-local tourists was that the nodes for residents manifested a more balanced connection strength and node centrality. Core communities encompassed more nodes with more extensive coverage. Conversely, the nodes for non-local tourists showed wide discrepancies in connection strength and node centrality. Furthermore, core communities were small in scale with clear boundaries.

BMC Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
Yuanyuan Wang ◽  
Zhihao Ma ◽  
Amanda Wilson ◽  
Zhishan Hu ◽  
Xin Ying ◽  

Abstract Background This is the first study to investigate the effect of parental psychological abuse on potential psychopathological symptoms in gender minority youth subgroups, including transgender women, transgender men, and gender queer individuals. Methods Data was analysed from the Chinese National Transgender Survey in 2017; the survey was distributed through community-based organizations to transgender adolescents and adults residing in China, with representation from all 32 provinces and autonomous regions. A total of 1293 youth that self-identified as transgender or gender queer completed the study. Measures covered psychopathological symptoms including depression, anxiety, risk of suicideand self-harm. Parental psychological abuse was assessed in terms of neglect and avoidance, force to change, and verbal insults. Both the edges and centralities were computed via network analysis, and the network properties were then compared among the three gender minority subgroups. In addition, linear regression was adopted to test the predictive ability of node centrality for low self-esteem. Results Descriptive analysis revealed that among the three subgroups, transgender women had more severe psychopathological symptoms and reported the most psychological abuse. Network analysis revealed that the risk of suicide and self-harm was directly connected with one type of parental psychological abuse (“neglect and avoidance”). Node centrality was significantly associated with the predicting value of the nodes on low self-esteem (r2 = 0.25, 0.17, 0.31) among all three gender minority subgroups. Conclusions The distinctive core psychopathological symptoms, within the networks of the gender minority subgroups, revealed specific symptoms across each group. The significant association between node centrality and low self-esteem indicated the extent of parental psychological abuse. Parental psychological abuse directed towards gender minority youth should be recognized as a form of family cold violence. It is recommended that schools and local communities should support early intervention to improve psychological well-being.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (9) ◽  
pp. e0256644
Takehiko Ito

This study investigated the effect of the psychological network on the willingness to communicate in English among Japanese people. Previous studies have shown that psychological factors affect the willingness to communicate in English for Japanese people. However, the network structure of psychological factors and their effects have not been revealed yet. The present study conducted a network analysis with 644 Japanese people. Consequently, the edge between perceived communication competence and the willingness to communicate in the first or second language was very strong. Node centrality strength showed that these factors were central in the network structure. The results of the network analysis show the effect of psychological networks on the willingness to communicate in a second language, which will be beneficial for language education.

Entropy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (9) ◽  
pp. 1131
Hong Fan ◽  
Renyun Liu

The research of financial systemic risk is an important issue, however the research on the financial systemic risk in ASEAN region lacks. This paper uses the minimum density method to calculate the interbank network of ASEAN countries and uses the node centrality to judge the systemically important banks of various countries. Then the DebtRank algorithm is constructed to calculate the systemic risk value based on the interbank network. By comparing the systemic risk values obtained through the initial impact on the system important banks and non-important banks, we find that the systemic risk tends to reach the peak in the case of the initial impact on the system important banks. Furthermore, it is found that countries with high intermediary centrality and closeness centrality have higher systemic risk. It suggests that the regulatory authorities should implement legal supervision, strict supervision, and comprehensive supervision for key risk areas and weak links.

2021 ◽  
Mehrdad Rostami ◽  
Mourad Oussalah

Abstract Community detection is one of the basic problems in social network analysis. Community detection on an attributed social networks aims to discover communities that have not only adhesive structure but also homogeneous node properties. Although community detection has been extensively studied, attributed community detection of large social networks with a large number of attributes remains a vital challenge. To address this challenge, a novel attributed community detection method through an integration of feature weighting with node centrality techniques is developed in this paper. The developed method includes two main phases: (1) Weight Matrix Calculation, (2) Label Propagation Algorithm-based Attributed Community Detection. The aim of the first phase is to calculate the weight between two linked nodes using structural and attribute similarities, while, in the second phase, an improved label propagation algorithm-based community detection method in attributed social network is proposed. The purpose of the second phase is to detect different communities by employing the calculated weight matrix and node popularity. After implementing the proposed method, its performance is compared with several other state of the art methods using some benchmarked real-world datasets. The results indicate that the developed method outperforms several other state of the art methods and ascertain the effectiveness of the developed method for attributed community detection.

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