maternal age
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Malin Lindell Pettersson ◽  
Marie Bladh ◽  
Elizabeth Nedstrand ◽  
Agneta Skoog Svanberg ◽  
Claudia Lampic ◽  

Abstract Background Advanced maternal age, single status and use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) are increasing in mothers in high-income countries, and all are known risk factors for negative obstetric outcomes. Less is known about their long-term consequences for childhood morbidity. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate morbidity up to five years of age, in the children of older, single, and/or ART-treated mothers. Methods A cross-sectional using Swedish registers was performed comprising 23 772 children. The prevalence of diagnosis and the number of hospital visits for specialist care, were compared and analyzed in relation to maternal age at childbirth, maternal civil status, and mode of conception. The odds ratio for specialized care within each ICD-chapter were estimated using single and multiple logistic regression. Results Children born to single mothers and children conceived using ART had significantly more outpatient visits for specialist care and significantly more diagnoses compared to children with married/cohabiting mothers, and spontaneously conceived children. Children born to mothers of advanced maternal age (≥40) had fewer in- and outpatient visits. However, they were significantly more often diagnosed within ICD-chapters XVI, XVII i.e., they experienced more morbidity in the neonatal period. Conclusion The results indicate that children born to single mothers and children of ART-treated mothers have a higher morbidity and consume more specialist care than children of married/cohabiting and spontaneously pregnant mothers. We conclude that the use of ART, maternal single status and advanced maternal age are risk factors of importance to consider in pediatric care and when counseling women who are considering ART treatment.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Steven D. Hicks ◽  
Alexandra Confair ◽  
Kaitlyn Warren ◽  
Desirae Chandran

There is emerging evidence that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) within maternal breast milk (MBM) impart unique metabolic and immunologic effects on developing infants. Most studies examining ncRNAs in MBM have focused on microRNAs. It remains unclear whether microRNA levels are related to other ncRNAs, or whether they are impacted by maternal characteristics. This longitudinal cohort study examined 503 MBM samples from 192 mothers to: 1) identify the most abundant ncRNAs in MBM; 2) examine the impact of milk maturity on ncRNAs; and 3) determine whether maternal characteristics affect ncRNAs. MBM was collected at 0, 1, and 4 months post-delivery. High throughput sequencing quantified ncRNAs within the lipid fraction. There were 3069 ncRNAs and 238 microRNAs with consistent MBM presence (≥10 reads in ≥10% samples). Levels of 17 ncRNAs and 11 microRNAs accounted for 80% of the total RNA content. Most abundant microRNAs displayed relationships ([R]>0.2, adj p< 0.05) with abundant ncRNAs. A large proportion of ncRNAs (1269/3069; 41%) and microRNAs (206/238; 86%) were affected by MBM maturity. The majority of microRNAs (111/206; 54%) increased from 0-4 months. Few ncRNAs and microRNAs were affected (adj p < 0.05) by maternal age, race, parity, body mass index, gestational diabetes, or collection time. However, nearly half of abundant microRNAs (4/11) were impacted by diet. To our knowledge this is the largest study of MBM ncRNAs, and the first to demonstrate a relationship between MBM microRNAs and maternal diet. Such knowledge could guide nutritional interventions aimed at optimizing metabolic and immunologic microRNA profiles within MBM.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 161-174
Pratibha Rathod ◽  
Ajesh Desai ◽  
Divya Chandel

Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of neonatal survival complications, mortality, and morbidity worldwide. In India 35% of all neonatal deaths are due to PTB with 36th global ranking, hence, India's healthcare sector has been working towards reducing the rate of PTB effectively. Objective: This study aimed to assess the risk factors such as environmental and pathophysiological causes associated with preterm birth in the population of Gujarat, India. Materials and Methods: In this study, multivariate random sampling was performed and systematically 200 pregnant mothers [PTB <37 weeks (N=100), Full-term >37 weeks (N=100)] were chosen after excluding mothers with vaginal infection, multiple gestations, fetal anomalies, non-cephalic presentation, cesarean delivery, and pregnancy with Mullerian anomalies. Statistical analysis was performed by Chi-square test, and variables with p-value <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Out of all the variables, maternal age below 20 years, extreme BMI, high blood pressure during pregnancy, maternal health complications, medication and doctor's consultation were highly significant (p < 0.0001). Furthermore, variables like type of area, diet, education, Hb levels below 9 g/dL and above 13 g/dL and blood-group of the mother were also significantly associated with PTB outcome (p < 0.05). Among the sub-categories of PTB (extreme-, very-, moderate/late- PTB), maternal age, Hb level and the past obstetric outcome showed very high significance (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: For the prediction of birth outcome, mother's internal physiological and lifestyle factors need to be taken into consideration, and mothers at risk priorly can be screen out, followed by proper healthcare assistance to decrease the preterm birth rate and its consequences. Key words: Preterm birth, maternal age, blood pressure, past obstetric outcome, risk factors

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 444
Fayka Putri Poempida ◽  
Jimmy Yanuar ◽  
Hamdani Lunardhi ◽  
Samsulhadi Samsulhadi ◽  
Relly Y. Primariawan

The high prevalence of infertility motivated researchers to find a solution, henceforth In Vitro Fertilization was invented. Factors that affect the outcome of IVF may include sperm analysis, maternal Body Mass Index (BMI), maternal smoking habits, endometriosis, and maternal age. However, there are ongoing debates about the role of said factors regarding the outcome of IVF. The objective of this research is to analyze those factors. This research is a Case-Control study with an analytical observational design. Data were retrieved from patients’ medical records undergoing IVF in Graha Amerta Fertility Clinic from January 2019-October 2020. First, the Chi-Square Test revealed sperm abnormality (p=0.212), Maternal BMI (p=0.427), endometriosis (p=0.067), meaning there was no connection with the outcome of IVF. Simultaneously, maternal age (p=0.037) showed a connection with the outcome of IVF. From the Binary Logistic Regression Test, maternal age 36-40 years old (p=0.044) affects the outcome of IVF significantly. Concurrently maternal BMI, endometriosis, and sperm abnormality have p value>0.05 meaning it is insignificant to the outcome of IVF. This research concluded that sperm abnormality, maternal BMI, and endometriosis do not affect the outcome of IVF. There was no data about maternal smoking habits. Whilst maternal age affects the outcome of IVF. Conclusion: This research concluded that sperm abnormality, maternal BMI, and endometriosis do not affect the outcome of IVF. There was no data about maternal smoking habits. Whilst maternal age affects the outcome of IVF.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Kimberly Page ◽  
Cristina Murray-Krezan ◽  
Lawrence Leeman ◽  
Mary Carmody ◽  
Julia M. Stephen ◽  

Abstract Background A quarter of pregnant women use alcohol, 6.5/1000 deliveries are affected by opioid use disorder (OUD), and the prevalence of cannabis use in pregnant women is increasing. However, marijuana co-exposure in polysubstance-using women is not well described. Methods The well-characterized ENRICH-1 cohort (n = 251), which focused on the effects of two primary exposures of interest—opioids and alcohol, was used to (1) estimate the prevalence/frequency of marijuana use in those with OUD and/or alcohol use, and (2) examined correlates of marijuana use. Participants were classified into an OUD group (n = 125), Alcohol group (n = 69), and concurrent OUD and Alcohol (OUD + Alcohol) group (n = 57). Self-report and biomarkers ascertained substance use. Multivariable logistic regression identified correlates of marijuana use. Results The prevalence of any marijuana use in pregnancy was 43.2%, 52.6%, and 46.4% in the OUD, OUD + Alcohol, and Alcohol groups, respectively. Correspondingly, weekly or daily use was reported by 19.4%, 21.0%, and 24.6% of participants. In the OUD and OUD + Alcohol groups, the proportion of women using marijuana was significantly higher in those taking buprenorphine (45.8% and 58.3%, respectively) compared to women using methadone (37.5% and 42.9%, respectively). Mean maternal age was lower in women who used marijuana in all three groups compared to non-marijuana users. Independent correlates of marijuana use (controlling for group, race/ethnicity, education, and smoking) were maternal age (adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) per 5-year increment 0.61; (95% CI 0.47, 0.79)), and polysubstance use (aOR 2.02; 95% CI 1.11, 3.67). There was a significant interaction between partnership status and group: among women who were not in a partnership, those in the OUD and OUD + Alcohol groups had lower odds of marijuana use relative to the Alcohol group. For women in the Alcohol group, partnered women had lower odds of marijuana use than un-partnered women (aOR 0.12; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.68). Conclusions Results indicate a relatively high prevalence and frequency of marijuana use in pregnant women being treated for OUD and/or women consuming alcohol while pregnant. These results highlight the need for ongoing risk reduction strategies addressing marijuana use for pregnant women receiving OUD treatment and those with alcohol exposure.

Jorge Ivan Martinez ◽  
Marcelo Isidro Figueroa ◽  
José Miguel Martínez-Carrión ◽  
Emma Laura Alfaro-Gomez ◽  
José Edgardo Dipierri

Introduction: birth size is affected by diverse maternal, environmental, social, and economic factors. Aim: analyze the relationships between birth size—shown by the indicators small for gestational age (SGA) and large for gestational age (LGA)—and maternal, social, and environmental factors in the Argentine province of Jujuy, located in the Andean foothills. Methods: data was obtained from 49,185 mother-newborn pairs recorded in the Jujuy Perinatal Information System (SIP) between 2009 and 2014, including the following: newborn and maternal weight, length/height, and body mass index (BMI); gestational age and maternal age; mother’s educational level, nutritional status, marital status and birth interval; planned pregnancy; geographic-linguistic origin of surnames; altitudinal place of birth; and unsatisfied basic needs (UBN). The dataset was split into two groups, SGA and LGA, and compared with adequate for gestational age (AGA). Bivariate analysis (ANOVA) and general lineal modeling (GLM) with multinomial distribution were employed. Results: for SGA newborns, risk factors were altitude (1.43 [1.12–1.82]), preterm birth (5.33 [4.17–6.82]), older maternal age (1.59 [1.24–2.05]), and primiparous mothers (1.88 [1.06–3.34]). For LGA newborns, the risk factors were female sex (2.72 [5.51–2.95]), overweight (1.33 [1.22–2.46]) and obesity (1.85 [1.66–2.07]). Conclusions: the distribution of birth size and the factors related to its variability in Jujuy are found to be strongly conditioned by provincial terrain and the clinal variation due to its Andean location.

Heena Mir ◽  
Neha Mahajan

Background: The pregnancy complications associated with women over 35 years of age are becoming more frequent. Late or too late remains the thread bearing discussion these days. Multiple studies have reported that women with 35 years of age or beyond are more vulnerable to develop obstetric complications. The present study has been conducted to reckon the strength of the association between maternal age and obstetric issues pertaining to women.Methods: This prospective study considered 217 single consecutive pregnancies which were divided into two groups based on age of patients. Group A consists of 163 pregnant women aged < 35 years and group B consists of 54 pregnant patients aged ≥35 years. The study was conducted at government medical college, Lala-Ded, and hospital Srinagar.Results: In spite of the underlying mechanisms, rigorous statistical analysis revealed the negative impact of extreme maternal ages on pregnancy. We found a significant difference between group A and group B with respect to early pregnancy loss, C-section, antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum complications (p<0.001).Conclusions: Evidently, it was demonstrated that women aging 35 years or above are more vulnerable to develop multiple intrapartum and postpartum complications than younger women in group B.

Rev Rene ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 23 ◽  
pp. e70958
Andressa Kachel Chemim ◽  
Beatriz Cristina de Castro ◽  
Juliane Dias Aldrighi ◽  
Marilene Loewen Wall ◽  
Aline Lara de Carvalho ◽  

Objective: to describe the experiences of pregnant women at advanced maternal age assisted in a private hospital. Methods: a qualitative study, carried out with 17 women, by means of semi-structured interviews via telephone. The data was submitted to Thematic Content Analysis. Results: the participants were between 35 and 40 years old. Two categories emerged: Experiencing pregnancy as a couple and family: the preparation of the couple for pregnancy and childbirth (Pregnancy after 35 years old as an element of potentiality; Change in the family routine for the baby’s arrival) and Experiencing pregnancy and its changes: perceiving pregnancy as a healthy and calm experience (Change in emotional patterns related to the pregnancy process). Conclusion: experiencing pregnancy late in life was not a concern for women. Maturity and favorable socioeconomic conditions may have a protective influence on the course of healthy pregnancies in women attending the private health service.

2022 ◽  
Silke F. van Daalen ◽  
Christina M. Hernández ◽  
Hal Caswell ◽  
Michael G. Neubert ◽  
Kristin E. Gribble

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Tahereh Poordast ◽  
Zahra Naghmehsanj ◽  
Razie Vahdani ◽  
Shaghayegh Moradi Alamdarloo ◽  
Mohammad Ali Ashraf ◽  

Abstract Background Ectopic pregnancy is one of the leading causes of pregnancy-related mortality; the treatment strategies associated with this condition entail complications, such as recurrence of ectopic pregnancy or infertility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the recurrence and fertility rate after salpingostomy in patients with tubal ectopic pregnancy. Methods This cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted at four referral centers of Obstetrics and Gynecology, under the supervision of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Iran). The medical records of 125 patients with tubal pregnancy were reviewed. These patients underwent laparoscopic salpingostomy from April 2009 to March 2016.Data on maternal age, BMI, history of previous EP, genital tract infection, IUD insertion, history of previous surgery, and infertility were further obtained. The patients were followed up for approximately 1 to 7 years. The recurrence of EP and subsequent pregnancy rate were assessed during the follow-up period. Results There was no statistically significant relationship between post-salpingostomy recurrence and maternal age, previous abdominopelvic surgery, and history of infertility(P = .425); however, the post-salpingostomy recurrence of EP was correlated with BMI (P = 0.001), previous history of EP (P = 0.001), genital tract infection (P = 0.001), and IUD insertion (P = 003). Among 95 women who had no contraception, pregnancy occurred in 51 cases (53.6%) and recurrence of EP was observed in 16 patients (12.8%). Conclusions Our results suggest that salpingostomy is a safe method with a low risk of recurrence and good fertility outcomes for women who consider future pregnancy.

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