Optical Absorption
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Xiongwen Chen ◽  
Qian Wang ◽  
Ping Wu ◽  
Guanghui Zhou

Abstract We propose an AA-stacked multilayer graphene nanoribbon with two symmetrical armchair edges as a multiple flat-band (FB) material. Using the tight-binding Hamiltonian and Green’s function method, we find that the FBs are complete and merged into many dispersive bands. The FBs cause multiple strongly localized states (SLSs) at the sites of the odd lines in every sublayer and a giant optical absorption (GOA) at energy point 2t, where t is the electronic intralayer hopping energy between two nearest-neighbor sites. By driving an electric field perpendicular to the ribbon plane, the bandgaps of the FBs are tunable. Accordingly, the positions of the SLSs in the energy regime can be shifted. However, the position of the GOA is robust against such field, but its strength exhibits a collapse behavior with a fixed quantization step. On the contrary, by driving an electric field parallel to the ribbon plane, the completeness of FBs is destroyed. Resultantly, the SLSs and GOA are suppressed and even quenched. Therefore, such ribbons may be excellent candidates for the design of the controllable information-transmission and optical-electric nanodevices.

2022 ◽  
Emre Bahadir Al ◽  
Huseyin Sari ◽  
Serpil Sakiroglu ◽  
İsmail Sokmen

Abstract In this work, we have performed a theoretically study on the energy spectrum, binding energy and intersubband optical absorption of a D2+ complex confined in a spherical quantum dot with finite confinement potential by using diagonalization method within the effective mass approximation. We analyzed the effect of the quantum dot size and internuclear distance on the binding energy, equilibrium distance and optical response of the singly ionized double donor complex. Theoretical analysis of the D2+ system indicated that the internuclear distance significantly affects the energy difference between the two lowest-lying electron states and amplitude of the optical absorption. In general, we conclude that the internuclear distance and quantum dot size dependence of the low-lying energy spectrum of the D2+ complex in a quantum dot favors the describing of an appropriate two-level system needed for quantum computation.

2022 ◽  
Haoran Mu ◽  
Wenzhi Yu ◽  
Jian Yuan ◽  
Shenghuang Lin ◽  
Guangyu Zhang

Abstract Since being rediscovered as an emerging 2D material, BP with extraordinary energy structure and unusually strong interlayer interactions offer new opportunities for optoelectronics and photonics. However, due to the thin atomic body and the ease of degradation with water and oxides, BP is highly sensitive to the surrounding environment. Therefore, high-quality engineering of interfaces and surfaces plays an essential role in BP-based applications. In this review, begun with a review of properties of BP, different strategies of interface and surfaces engineering for high ON-OFF ratio, enhanced optical absorption, and fast optical response are reviewed and highlighted, and recent state-of-the-art advances on optoelectronic and photonic devices are demonstrated. Finally, the opportunities and challenges are outlooked for future BP-related research.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1048 ◽  
pp. 101-109
Suresh Sripada ◽  
M. Chandrashekhar Reddy ◽  
T. Sreekanth ◽  
Rajesh Siripuram ◽  
K. Venkateshwarlu

Solid polymer electrolyte films made with potassium doped Polyethylene oxide using ZrO2 as nanofiller (70PEO-30KBF4-x ZrO2 where x = 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5, & 10 wt% ­­) were prepared by solution casting technique. Optical and thermal properties of polymer electrolyte films were studied by using Optical absorption and DSC techniques. From Optical absorption spectra, it is observed that fundamental absorption edge is shifted towards the higher wavelength side (range 259- 297 nm) with increase of nano filler (ZrO­2) concentration (1-10 wt %). Optical band gap for all electronic transitions (p=1/2, 2, 2/3 and 1/3) are found to be increased as incorporation of nano filler (ZrO2) which confirms the structural rearrangements takes place in polymer electrolyte films. Optical band gap for indirect allowed transitions (p=1/2) are found to be in the range of 1.93-3.34eV. Decrease in Urbach energy (4.8eV- 1.4eV) is associated with decrease in defect formation in host polymeric matrix (PEO-KBF4) as a result of embedded nano filler (ZrO2). DSC spectra analysis of polymer electrolytes has showed melting temperatures in the range 63.63-73.71°C and highest crystallinity is found to be 85 % (10 wt % ZrO­2). Enthalpy values are elevated with increase in nanofiller composition (ZrO2) in the present polymer electrolyte films.Keywords: PEO based polymer electrolytes, Solid polymer electrolytes, Optical and Thermal studies.

2022 ◽  
Vol 34 (2) ◽  
pp. 272-278
Thiyam Samrat Singh ◽  
Thiyam David Singh

Interaction of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) with Pr3+ (Pr(NO3)3·6H2O) and Nd3+ (Nd(NO3)3·6H2O) ions are studied in presence of Ca2+ (Ca(NO3)3·4H2O) ion in an aqueous and organic solvent by applying the spectroscopic technique for quantitative probe of 4f-4f transition. The complexation was determined by the variation in the intensities of 4f-4f absorption spectral bands and by applying the change of symmetric properties of electronic-dipole known as Judd-Ofelt parameters Tλ (λ = 2,4,6). On the addition of Ca2+ ion in the binary complexation of praseodymium and neodymium with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) there is an intensification of bands which shows the effect of Ca2+ toward the heterobimetallic complex formation. Other parameters like Slater-Condon (Fk), bonding (b1/2), the Nephelauxetic ratio (β), percentage covalency (δ) are also used to correlate the complexation of metals with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). With the minor change in coordination around Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions, the sensitivity of 4f-4f bands is detected and further used to explain the coordination of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) with Pr3+ and Nd3+ in presence of Ca2+. The variation in oscillator strength (Pobs), energy (Eobs) and dipole intensity parameter help in supporting the heterobimetallic complexation of N-acetyl-L-cysteine. In kinetics investigation, the rate of the complexation of both hypersensitive and pseudo-hypersensitive transition is evaluated at various temperature in DMF solvent. The value of the thermodynamic parameters such as ΔHo, ΔSo and ΔGo and activation energy (Ea) also evaluated.

2022 ◽  
Yoshiyuki Abe ◽  
Richard M. Laine

LaTiO2N NP synthesized from flame made LaTiO3 NP exhibits less absorption background above the optical absorption edge than that synthesized from flame made La2Ti2O7 NP, suggesting a low surface defect density.

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