social psychology
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2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 944
Junze Zhu ◽  
Hongzhi Guan ◽  
Hai Yan ◽  
Hongfei Wang

To investigate citizens’ participation behavior in the lottery under the influence of the license plate lottery policy (LPLP) and to guide them to participate in the lottery rationally, this paper, based on social psychology and combined with the theory of planned behavior, divides citizens into citizens with cars in their households and citizens without cars in their households. This study then separately constructs structural equation models, sets perceived car necessity (PCN), perceived behavioral control (PBC), attitude toward car ownership (ATT), and subjective norms (SN), respectively. These four psychological latent variables were used to analyze the participation behavior of different categories of citizens in the car lottery from the perspective of psychological factors. Our empirical study found that there are significant differences in age and the number of people living together. The mechanism of their intention to participate in the car lottery and the psychological factors are different. The psychological factors affecting the intention of people with a car and people without a car to participate in the car lottery are SN > ATT > PCN > PBC and ATT > SN > PBC, respectively. Our research results can help to identify the internal factors and mechanisms that influence citizens’ intention to participate in the car lottery and help government administrators to optimize the LPLP.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Kristian Moltke Martiny ◽  
Helene Scott-Fordsmand ◽  
Andreas Rathmann Jensen ◽  
Asger Juhl ◽  
David Eskelund Nielsen ◽  

The contact hypothesis has dominated work on prejudice reduction and is often described as one of the most successful theories within social psychology. The hypothesis has nevertheless been criticized for not being applicable in real life situations due to unobtainable conditions for direct contact. Several indirect contact suggestions have been developed to solve this “application challenge.” Here, we suggest a hybrid strategy of both direct and indirect contact. Based on the second-person method developed in social psychology and cognition, we suggest working with an engagement strategy as a hybrid hypothesis. We expand on this suggestion through an engagement-based intervention, where we implement the strategy in a theater performance and investigate the effects on prejudicial attitudes toward people with physical disabilities. Based on the results we reformulate our initial engagement strategy into the Enact (Engagement, Nuancing, and Attitude formation) hypothesis. To deal with the application challenge, this hybrid hypothesis posits two necessary conditions for prejudice reduction. Interventions should: (1) work with engagement to reduce prejudice, and (2) focus on the second-order level of attitudes formation. Here the aim of the prejudice reduction is not attitude correction, but instead the nuancing of attitudes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 68-86
O. A. Persidskaya ◽  
F. S. Fomkin

Based on the analysis of contemporary theoretical and practical research in the fields of social philosophy, sociology and social psychology, the author considers trends related to the interpretation of the phenomenon of ethnic identity. A multiple interpretation of this phenomenon is described, which allows us to study its different forms and degrees of manifestation. Network social media, multi-ethnic urban environment and processes in non-systemic politics are considered as socio-cultural factors that influence the transformation of the phenomenon under consideration. It is concluded that the process of ethnic identification cannot be further unambiguously identified with a scale directed from the zero state (identity is not formed) to the positive pole (identity is formed and expressed). Instead of this onedimensional interpretation, a metaphor of space, which includes different forms and degrees of expression of ethnic identity, is proposed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 132-140
Maria Epelita Masriani ◽  
I Gede Sanica

In the business world, achieving the goals that have been planned depends very much on the factors that influence it. One of them is the factor of brand trust or brand trust. The concept of trust comes from the analysis of personal relationships in the field of social psychology. Social psychology discusses the influence of humans on others in terms of changing behavior, attitudes, communication patterns, and building trust. According to Hong Youl Ha and Helen Perks (2015) brand trust is a benchmark for customers to rely on the brand's ability to carry out the functions it plays. In this situation where the individual cannot objectively evaluate the quality of the product in advance, brand trust plays an important role in reducing uncertainty in purchasing.This study focuses on the millennial generation of brand trust in buying interest in HWI products. Using a qualitative approach, with descriptive analysis. This study collected data through interviews, observations and documentation. The results of this study were that brand trust had an effect on buying interest in HWI products in the city of Ruteng Manggarai. Keywords: Brand Trust, Buying Interest, MLM Product

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 1-18
Phoebe S. Lin ◽  
Lynne N. Kennette

As campuses become increasingly diverse, it is important that faculties maintain inclusive classrooms. Students of underrepresented ethnic/racial groups are more likely to experience disengagement in an academic setting (Nagasawa & Wong, 1999), which can lead to underperformance (Major et al., 1998). Students with LGBTQA+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or asexual) identities are at higher risk of poor mental health and lower academic performance compared to cisgender and heterosexual students (Aragon et al., 2014). These detrimental experiences can lead to even more harm in a remote learning environment, where students have fewer opportunities to feel a sense of belonging and connect with their peers and/or instructors. This paper will consider strategies of inclusiveness in the online classroom and in-person learning environment within a social psychology framework to better support underprivileged students to improve academic performance and the overall educational experience. The suggestions and discussions provided apply to both in-person learning as well as remote delivery.

Diagnosis ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Guanyu Liu ◽  
Hannah Chimowitz ◽  
Linda M. Isbell

Abstract Psychological research consistently demonstrates that affect can play an important role in decision-making across a broad range of contexts. Despite this, the role of affect in clinical reasoning and medical decision-making has received relatively little attention. Integrating the affect, social cognition, and patient safety literatures can provide new insights that promise to advance our understanding of clinical reasoning and lay the foundation for novel interventions to reduce diagnostic errors and improve patient safety. In this paper, we briefly review the ways in which psychologists differentiate various types of affect. We then consider existing research examining the influence of both positive and negative affect on clinical reasoning and diagnosis. Finally, we introduce an empirically supported theoretical framework from social psychology that explains the cognitive processes by which these effects emerge and demonstrates that cognitive interventions can alter these processes. Such interventions, if adapted to a medical context, hold great promise for reducing errors that emerge from faulty thinking when healthcare providers experience different affective responses.

2022 ◽  
pp. 30-51
Madiha Batool

As the year 2020 dawned, the world underwent a paradigmatic shift that impacted all aspects of life. While it is axiomatic that the coronavirus pandemic left an indelible effect on all age groups, the author is especially interested in analysing the impressions that the pandemic can leave on the lives of youth. With history providing anecdotes of contagions having led to political violence and widespread massacres, this chapter will explore how the current pandemic can lead to youth radicalisation in an age of social media and in countries witnessing youth bulge. This study will be carried out at the intersection of international relations, international security, and political psychology and within the parameters of youth bulge, social-psychology, and radicalisation. In doing so, the author will propose a prognostic approach to provent youth radicalisation rather than prevent it in retrospect.

E-psychologie ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (4) ◽  
pp. 101-101
Marek Vranka

The PLESS laboratory was established in 2013 at the Faculty of Arts of Charles University. It provides both physical and online space for the implementation of research, a database of contacts for the recruitment of participants, and know-how for the technical support of studies. The created facilities are used by the members of the laboratory for their researches, in particular in the fields of experimental social psychology, psychology of decision-making, and behavioural economics. About all the studies carried out so far, the members of our team, and the studies currently under investigation topics we are working on, you can find out more at

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