amperometric detection
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2022 ◽  
pp. 139829
Elena V. Suprun ◽  
Elena V. Daboss ◽  
Vladislav M. Pleshakov ◽  
Darya V. Vokhmyanina ◽  
Sergey P. Radko ◽  

2022 ◽  
Chenxi Sun ◽  
Yanping Zhang ◽  
Jun Ying ◽  
Liang Jin ◽  
Aixiang Tian ◽  

Four polyoxometalate-based compounds were synthesized by hydrothermal method, namely [Ni2(HPtpi)(H2O)7.5Mo0.17(TeMo6O24)]·2.5H2O (1),[Co(HPtpi)2(H2Ptpi)2(GeMo12O40)2]·4H2O (2) and {[M(Ptpi)(H2Ptpi)(H2O)][(γ-Mo8O26)0.5(α-Mo8O26)0.5]}·4H2O (M = Co in 3; Ni in 4) (Ptpi = 1-[2-(3-Pyridin-4-yl-[1,2,4]triazol-4-yl)-propyl]-imidazol). Compound 1 exhibits a 3D...

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (24) ◽  
pp. 8301
Ema Gričar ◽  
Kurt Kalcher ◽  
Boštjan Genorio ◽  
Mitja Kolar

Four different graphene-based nanomaterials (htGO, N-htGO, htGONR, and N-htGONR) were synthesized, characterized, and used as a modifier of carbon paste electrode (CPE) in order to produce a reliable, precise, and highly sensitive non-enzymatic amperometric hydrogen peroxide sensor for complex matrices. CPE, with their robustness, reliability, and ease of modification, present a convenient starting point for the development of new sensors. Modification of CPE was optimized by systematically changing the type and concentration of materials in the modifier and studying the prepared electrode surface by cyclic voltammetry. N-htGONR in combination with manganese dioxide (1:1 ratio) proved to be the most appropriate material for detection of hydrogen peroxide in pharmaceutical and saliva matrices. The developed sensor exhibited a wide linear range (1.0–300 µM) and an excellent limit of detection (0.08 µM) and reproducibility, as well as high sensitivity and stability. The sensor was successfully applied to real sample analysis, where the recovery values for a commercially obtained pharmaceutical product were between 94.3% and 98.0%. Saliva samples of a user of the pharmaceutical product were also successfully analyzed.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (23) ◽  
pp. 11302
Annalisa Mentana ◽  
Carmen Palermo ◽  
Diego Centonze

A method for the determination of β-agonists was developed by combining the separation of analytes through high-performance liquid chromatography, with a reversed-phase column, coupled to the pulsed amperometric detection at a glassy carbon electrode. Preliminary experiments, using cyclic voltammetry, allowed for an understanding of the electrochemical behavior of clenbuterol, fenoterol, and terbutaline. By analyzing the electrochemical response, the conditions for detecting the analytes and for cleaning the working electrode were identified. The proposed potential-time profile was designed to prevent contamination of the carbon electrode following consecutive analyses, so ensuring a reproducible and sensitive quantitative determination. The waveform electrochemical parameters, including detection and delay times, have been optimized in terms of sensitivity, detection limits, and long-term response stability. The chromatographic separation was carried out using a C8 column in isocratic mode, and a mixture of acetic acid and acetonitrile. The optimized experimental conditions were used for the analysis of standard solutions and real samples. Detection limits, lower than the maximum residue limit set for clenbuterol by European directives, were obtained for all β-agonists investigated. The method validation was performed by evaluating the linearity, selectivity, precision, and recovery. Calf urine samples were used to verify the applicability of the proposed method, analyzing both enriched and naturally contaminated urine samples.

2021 ◽  
pp. 253-264
Eduardo M. Richter ◽  
Rodrigo A. A. Munoz

2021 ◽  
Min-Ji Lee ◽  
Seon-Pyo Hong

Abstract Radix Angelicae Dahuricae is a traditional Chinese medicine. We developed a high-sensitivity method for detection of furanocoumarins in Radix Angelicae Dahuricae and Gumiganghwal-tang (GMGHT). The six furanocoumarins of Radix Angelicae Dahuricae were sonication-extracted from 50% ethanol for 60 min. Six furanocoumarins were separated through a gradient elution system. The limits of detection of the components were 0.002–0.3 ng (0.2–30 ng/mL). The coefficients of determination were 0.9995–1.0000, all inter-day and intra-day precision values were < 4.9%, and the mean recoveries and relative standard deviations were 96.4%–104.5% and 0.5%–4.8% for Radix Angelicae Dahuricae extract, respectively. Our method does not require any pretreatment steps and exhibits good reproducibility, selectivity, and sensitivity. Therefore, our method will contribute to a Radix Angelicae Dahuricae quality control measure.

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