active metal
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2022 ◽  
pp. 487-521
Shital Jyotsna Sahoo ◽  
Banalata Maji ◽  
Priyabrat Dash

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Liwen Xing ◽  
Yujuan Jin ◽  
Yunxuan Weng ◽  
Yongjun Ji

Numerous efforts have been devoted to investigating the catalytic events and disclosing the catalytic nature of the metal-carbon interaction interface. Nevertheless, the local deconstruction of catalytically active metal-carbon interface was still missing. Herein, the selected four types of landmark catalytic paradigms were highlighted, which was expected to clarify their essence and thus simplify the catalytic scenarios of the metal-carbon interface—carbon-supported metal nanoparticles, carbon-confined single-atom sites, chainmail catalysis, and the Mott-Schottky effect. The potential challenges and new opportunities were also proposed in the field. This perspective is believed to give an in-depth understanding of the catalytic nature of the metal-carbon interaction interface and in turn provide rational guidance to the delicate design of novel high-performance carbon-supported metal catalysts.

2021 ◽  
Hui Shu ◽  
Tingrun Lai ◽  
Jie Ren ◽  
Xiuxiu Cui ◽  
xu Tian ◽  

Abstract The excessive use of imidacloprid in agricultural production leads to a large number of residues that seriously threaten human health. Therefore, the detection of imidacloprid has become very important. But how to quantitatively detect imidacloprid at ultra-low levels is the main challenges. In this work, trimetallic metal-organic frameworks Fe, Co, Ni-MOF (FCN-MOF) is in situ prepared on nickel foam (NF) and then used to make an electrochemical sensor in the detection of imidacloprid. FCN-MOF exhibits the characteristics of ultra-micro concentration detection for imidacloprid with high specific surface area and rich active metal centers. The high conductivity and 3D skeleton structure of the NF electrode enhance the contact site with imidacloprid and promote the transmission of electrons efficiently. All results show that the prepared electrochemical sensor has the advantages of ultra-low detection limits (0.1 pM), wide linear detection ranges (1-5×107 pM) and good sensitivity (132.91 μA pM‒1 cm‒2), as well as good reproducibility, excellent anti-interference ability, and fantastic stability. Meanwhile, the electrochemical sensor is used to determine imidacloprid in lettuce, tomato, and cucumber samples with excellent recovery (90-102.7%). The novel electrochemical sensor is successfully applied to the ultra-micro detection of imidacloprid in vegetables, which provides a new way for the efficient monitoring of imidacloprid in agriculture.

2021 ◽  
Connor Patrick ◽  
Joseph Woods ◽  
Przemyslaw Gawel ◽  
Claire Otteson ◽  
Amber Thompson ◽  

New strategies for synthesizing polyyne polyrotaxanes are being developed as an approach to stable carbyne ‘insulated molecular wires’. Here we report an active metal template route to polyyne [3]rotaxanes, using dicobalt carbonyl masked alkyne equivalents. We synthesized two [3]rotaxanes, both with the same C28 polyyne dumbbell component, one with a phenanthroline-based macrocycle and one using a 2,6-pyridyl cycloparaphenylene nanohoop. The thermal stabilities of the two rotaxanes were compared with that of the naked polyyne dumbbell in decalin at 80 °C, and the nanohoop rotaxane was found to be 4.5 times more stable.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 11731
Steinar Hillersøy Dyvik ◽  
Bendik Manum ◽  
Anders Rønnquist

Gridshells are shells where the structural system is some kind of grid of linear members rather than a surface. With today’s focus on environmentally friendly solutions, gridshells have gained increased relevance as inherently material-efficient structures. This paper investigates the recent research on gridshells, who performs it and what their contributions are, and will thus provide an overview of the research field of gridshells. This study is performed as a systematic mapping. The articles were categorised by research type, motivation, contribution, gridshell type, material, and scientific field. The study shows that most articles are within structural engineering, whereas contributions from architecture were hard to find. The typical study was theoretical studies performing analyses on a specific load or structural behaviour. Some possible knowledge gaps were also identified, including review articles on loads and behaviour, research on bending active metal gridshells and development of gridshell nodes.

2021 ◽  
Selin Bac ◽  
Shaama Mallikarjun Sharada

This work examines mechanisms of low-temperature CO oxidation over a single binding site of atomically dispersed Pt on rutile TiO2 (110) using density functional theory and the energetic span model (ESM). Of the 12 distinct pathways spanning Eley- Rideal (ER), termolecular ER (TER), Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH), Mars-Van Krevelen (MvK) mechanisms as well as their combinations, TER with CO-assisted CO2 desorption yields the highest turnover frequency (TOF). However, this pathway is ruled out because Pt is dynamically unstable in an intermediate state in the TER cycle, determined in a prior ab initio molecular dynamics study by our group. We instead find, depending on reaction conditions, that either H1 is rendered inactive upon CO adsorption or the ER mechanism is preferred if O2 dissociatively adsorbs. ER exhibits the second highest TOF and the TOF-determining state is in qualitative agreement with experiment. TOFs for all MvK pathways are several orders of magnitude lower than ER and LH. By comparing TOFs for Pt1/TiO2 with prior mechanistic studies of various oxide-supported atomically dispersed catalysts in the literature, we identify the most active metal and support materials for low-temperature CO oxidation.

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