equilibrium structures
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Nanoscale ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Manoj Settem ◽  
Riccardo Ferrando ◽  
Alberto Giacomello

A computational approach to determine the equilibrium structures of nanoclusters in the whole temperature range from 0 K to melting is developed. Our approach relies on Parallel Tempering Molecular Dynamics...


Author(s):  
Jie-Qiong Hu ◽  
Ming Xie ◽  
Yongtai Chen ◽  
Jiheng Fang ◽  
Qiao Zhang

Abstract Au-Pt-Sn alloys are a novel class of materials with promising catalytic properties. This study provides updated information on phase equilibrium structures and thermodynamics of the Au-Pt-Sn ternary system. The formation enthalpies of Au-Sn and Pt-Sn binary subsystems were predicted by first principles calculations and these values were further refined by CALPHAD method. The results obtained accurately reproduced the experimental data. The reassessed phase diagram of the Au-Pt-Sn ternary system accurately described the phase composition of several Au-Pt-Sn alloys, which is essential for further modifications of these materials.


Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3442
Author(s):  
Naizhang Sun ◽  
Mingchao Wang ◽  
Ruge Quhe ◽  
Yumin Liu ◽  
Wenjun Liu ◽  
...  

Based on density functional theory, we theoretically investigate the electronic structures of free-standing armchair Janus MoSSe nanoribbons (A-MoSSeNR) with width up to 25.5 nm. The equilibrium structures of nanoribbons with spontaneous curling are obtained by energy minimization in molecular dynamics (MD). The curvature is 0.178 nm−1 regardless of nanoribbon width. Both finite element method and analytical solution based on continuum theory provide qualitatively consistent results for the curling behavior, reflecting that relaxation of intrinsic strain induced by the atomic asymmetry acts as the driving force. The non-edge bandgap of curled A-MoSSeNR reduces faster with the increase of width compared with planar nanoribbons. It can be observed that the real-space wave function at the non-edge VBM is localized in the central region of the curled nanoribbon. When the curvature is larger than 1.0 nm−1, both edge bandgap and non-edge bandgap shrink with the further increase of curvature. Moreover, we explore the spontaneous curling and consequent sewing process of nanoribbon to form nanotube (Z-MoSSeNT) by MD simulations. The spontaneously formed Z-MoSSeNT with 5.6 nm radius possesses the lowest energy. When radius is smaller than 0.9 nm, the bandgap of Z-MoSSeNT drops rapidly as the radius decreases. We expect the theoretical results can help build the foundation for novel nanoscale devices based on Janus TMD nanoribbons.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Leonardo Medrano Sandonas ◽  
Johannes Hoja ◽  
Brian G. Ernst ◽  
Alvaro Vazquez-Mayagoitia ◽  
Robert A. DiStasio Jr. ◽  
...  

Rational design of molecules with targeted properties requires understanding quantum-mechanical (QM) structure-property/property-property relationships (SPR/PPR) across chemical compound space. We analyze these relationships using the QM7-X dataset---which includes multiple QM properties for ~4.2 M equilibrium and non-equilibrium structures of small (primarily organic) molecules. Instead of providing simple SPR/PPR that strictly follow physicochemical intuition, our analysis uncovers substantial flexibility in molecular property space (MPS) when searching for a single molecule with a desired pair of QM properties or distinct molecules with a targeted set of QM properties. As proof-of-concept, we used Pareto multi-property optimization to search for the most promising (i.e., highly polarizable and electrically stable) molecules for polymeric battery materials; without prior knowledge of this complex manifold of MPS, Pareto front analysis reflected this intrinsic flexibility and identified small directed structural/compositional changes that simultaneously optimize these properties. Our analysis of such extensive QM property data provides compelling evidence for an intrinsic “freedom of design” in MPS, and indicates that rational design of molecules with a diverse array of targeted QM properties is quite feasible.


Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (18) ◽  
pp. 5672
Author(s):  
Sergey V. Baykov ◽  
Alexander S. Mikherdov ◽  
Alexander S. Novikov ◽  
Kirill K. Geyl ◽  
Marina V. Tarasenko ◽  
...  

A series of N-pyridyl ureas bearing 1,2,4- (1a, 2a, and 3a) and 1,3,4-oxadiazole moiety (1b, 2b, 3b) was prepared and characterized by HRMS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, as well as X-ray diffraction. The inspection of the crystal structures of (1–3)a,b and the Hirshfeld surface analysis made possible the recognition of the (oxadiazole)···(pyridine) and (oxadiazole)···(oxadiazole) interactions. The presence of these interactions was confirmed theoretically by DFT calculations, including NCI analysis for experimentally determined crystal structures as well as QTAIM analysis for optimized equilibrium structures. The preformed database survey allowed the verification of additional examples of relevant (oxadiazole)···π interactions both in Cambridge Structural Database and in Protein Data Bank, including the cocrystal of commercial anti-HIV drug Raltegravir.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yifan Wang ◽  
Jake Kalscheur ◽  
Ya-Qiong Su ◽  
Emiel J. M. Hensen ◽  
Dionisios G. Vlachos

AbstractUnderstanding the performance of subnanometer catalysts and how catalyst treatment and exposure to spectroscopic probe molecules change the structure requires accurate structure determination under working conditions. Experiments lack simultaneous temporal and spatial resolution and could alter the structure, and similar challenges hinder first-principles calculations from answering these questions. Here, we introduce a multiscale modeling framework to follow the evolution of subnanometer clusters at experimentally relevant time scales. We demonstrate its feasibility on Pd adsorbed on CeO2(111) at various catalyst loadings, temperatures, and exposures to CO. We show that sintering occurs in seconds even at room temperature and is mainly driven by free energy reduction. It leads to a kinetically (far from equilibrium) frozen ensemble of quasi-two-dimensional structures that CO chemisorption and infrared experiments probe. CO adsorption makes structures flatter and smaller. High temperatures drive very rapid sintering toward larger, stable/metastable equilibrium structures, where CO induces secondary structure changes only.


Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (16) ◽  
pp. 4434
Author(s):  
Nobuhiko J. Suematsu ◽  
Junpei Iwamoto ◽  
Yuya Ishii ◽  
Akira Yamamoto

A variety of crystal structures is found in nature, not only equilibrium structures reflecting molecular structures, but also non-equilibrium structures which depend on the physicochemical conditions occurring during the crystal growth. In this paper, we focus on the dendrite structure of sodium chloride (NaCl) formed by the simple evaporation of an aqueous NaCl solution. The characteristics of the growth structures were measured as a function of the initial concentration of NaCl. In addition, the crystal growth process was measured using optical microscopy. As a result, the growth rate was not constant but was found to oscillate over time and synchronize with the wetting of the crystal. Our observations indicate that dendrite structures are more easily generated at higher initial concentrations. The detailed mechanism for dendrite pattern formation is still under investigation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 154 (19) ◽  
pp. 194302
Author(s):  
Jean Demaison ◽  
Natalja Vogt ◽  
Yan Jin ◽  
Rizalina Tama Saragi ◽  
Marcos Juanes ◽  
...  

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