spatial coherence
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Photonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 46
Xiao Liu ◽  
Xin-Ting Zeng ◽  
Wen-Jian Shi ◽  
Shang-Feng Bao ◽  
Tao Yu ◽  

Laser exhibition technology has been widely used in the virtual environment of exhibitions and shows, as well as in the physical conference and exhibition centers. However, the speckle issue due to the high coherence of laser sources has caused harmful impacts on image quality, which is one of the obstacles to exhibition effects. In this paper, we design a compact Nd:YAG/PPMgLN laser module at 561.5 nm and use two different types of big-core multi-mode fibers to lower the spatial coherence. According to our experiment, the speckle contrasts relating to these two types reduce to 7.9% and 4.1%, respectively. The results of this paper contribute to improving the application effects of key optical components in the exhibitions. Only in this way can we provide technical supports and service guarantee for the development of the exhibition activities, and an immersive interactive experience for the audiences.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Deming Peng ◽  
Xuan Zhang ◽  
Yonglei Liu ◽  
Yimeng Zhu ◽  
Yahong Chen ◽  

Optical coherence is becoming an efficient degree of freedom for light field manipulations and applications. In this work, we show that the image information hidden a distance behind a random scattering medium is encoded in the complex spatial coherence structure of a partially coherent light beam that generates after the random scatterer. We validate in experiment that the image information can be well recovered with the spatial coherence measurement and the aid of the iterative phase retrieval algorithm in the Fresnel domain. We find not only the spatial shape but also the position including the lateral shift and longitudinal distances of the image hidden behind the random scatterer can be reconstructed, which indicates the potential uses in three-dimensional optical imaging through random scattering media.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2149 (1) ◽  
pp. 012013
P Chavel ◽  
Y Sortais ◽  
T Labardens ◽  
L Simonot ◽  
M Hébert ◽  

Abstract The definition of BRDF as a ratio of radiance to irradiance assumes that the geometrical optics framework applies, implicitly meaning that spatial coherence and diffraction of light have no significant effect in the reflection process. However, recent applications of BRDF push at increasing the angular resolution and thus at reducing the solid angles for illumination and collection. Therefore speckle, an optical effect inherent to the stochastic nature of scattering objects, becomes apparent. We suggest that BRDF should be redefined as the statistical average over that effect.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (01) ◽  
pp. C01043
L. Brombal ◽  
L. Rigon ◽  
F. Arfelli ◽  
R.H. Menk ◽  
F. Brun

Abstract The PEPI project is developing a new experimental facility integrating a chromatic photon-counting detector within an edge-illumination (EI) phase-contrast setup. In this context, a novel Geant4-based simulation tool has been introduced with the aim of defining the optimal design of the experimental setup. The code includes a custom X-ray refraction process and allows simulating the whole EI system, comprising a polychromatic and extended source, absorbing masks, substrates, their movement during acquisition, and X-ray detection. In this paper, a realistic spectral detector model is introduced and its energy response validated against experimental data acquired with synchrotron radiation at energies between 26 and 50 keV. Moreover, refraction and transmission images of a plastic phantom are reconstructed from simulation data and successfully compared with theoretical predictions. Finally, an optimization study aiming at finding the effect of the X-ray focal spot size (i.e. spatial coherence) on image quality is presented; the results suggest that, in the considered configuration, the system can tolerate source sizes up to 30 μm, while, for a fixed exposure time, the best signal-to-noise ratio in refraction images is found for source sizes in the order of 10 to 15 μm.

2022 ◽  
Shadman Shahid ◽  
Shahed -E- Zumrat ◽  
Muhammad Anisuzzaman Talukder

Plasmonic lasers offer great potential for cutting-edge, disruptive applications. However, they suffer from a high loss in metal, lack of spatial coherence in the near-field, and divergent far-field emission. The...

2021 ◽  
pp. 39-45
M. Françon ◽  
N. Krauzman ◽  
J.P. Mathieu ◽  
M. May

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Bing Guan ◽  
Haiyang Yu ◽  
Wei Song ◽  
Jaeho Choi

For the free-space optical (FSO) communication system, the spatial coherence of a laser beam is influenced obviously as it propagates through the atmosphere. This loss of spatial coherence limits the degree to which the laser beam is collimated or focused, resulting in a significant decrease in the power level of optical communication and radar systems. In this work, the analytic expressions of wave structure function for plane and spherical wave propagation through anisotropic non-Kolmogorov turbulence in a horizontal path are derived. Moreover, the new expressions for spatial coherence radius are obtained considering different scales of atmospheric turbulence. Using the newly obtained expressions for the spatial coherent radius, the effects of the inner scales and the outer scales of the turbulence, the power law exponent, and the anisotropic factor are analyzed. The analytical simulation results show that the wave structure functions are greatly influenced by the power law exponent α , the anisotropic factor ζ , the turbulence strength σ ~ R 2 , and the turbulence scales. Moreover, the spatial coherence radiuses are also significantly affected by the anisotropic factor ζ and the turbulence strength σ ~ R 2 , while they are gently influenced by the power law exponent α and the inner scales of the optical waves.

2021 ◽  
Vol 54 (1) ◽  
Nor Azah Abdul Aziz ◽  
Emma Ziezie Mohd Tarmizi ◽  
Khuong Ba Dinh

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