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Markus Göker

The minutes of the online meeting of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes that was held on 4 August 2021 by video conference are presented.

2021 ◽  
Vol 54 (3) ◽  
pp. 155
Dwi Setianingtyas ◽  
N. Nafiah ◽  
Cane Lukisari ◽  
Paulus Budi Teguh ◽  
Felicia Eda Haryanto ◽  

Background: In 2019, a viral disease spread from Wuhan, Hubei Province in China. The disease was caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome related to coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 virus), which was named by the Coronavirus Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Purpose: This article reports the multi-discipline treatment of Covid tongue and exfoliative cheilitis with a main diagnosis of bilateral pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection. Case: A female patient, 70 years old was referred with a diagnosis of bilateral pneumonia by a pulmonologist. She complained of painful wounds all over her mouth. An intraoral clinical examination revealed white-thick lesion and multiple ulcerations, whilst an extraoral exam for exfoliative dermatitis has not been described. The working diagnosis was Covid tongue mixed with exfoliative cheilitis. Case management: The procedure was performed by teledentistry and direct visits to implement oral health care by asepsis, debridement and the application of Oxygene gel. Conclusion: The lesion was treated successfully due to the multidisciplinary approaches by an internist and pulmonologist by implementing integrated knowledge and was supported hugely by patient cooperation.

Anupam Soni ◽  
Sharad Mishra ◽  
A.K. Santra ◽  
V.N. Khune ◽  
Nishma Singh ◽  

Background: The linear type traits are the one of important tools for selection of milch cattle. The lifespan of cattle mostly depends on these linear type traits particularly feet and udder related traits. So it is necessary to measure the linear type traits and effect on longevity of Sahiwal cattle. Methods: The experiment was conducted on 86 Sahiwal cattle maintained in Bull mother experimental farm and government cattle breeding farm, Anjora, Durg (C.G.). The linear type traits in Sahiwal cattle were measured as per the recommendation of International committee for animal recording (ICAR). Result: The different linear type traits were studied the average value of stature 125.39±0.534, Chest width 27±0.49, rump angle 12.75±0.97, rump width 17.32±0.29, rear leg set (side view) 146.03°±0.91, rear leg set (rear view) -3.74±0.15, udder depth 18.97±0.43, udder cleft 2.77±0.95, rear udder height 24.06±0.45, fore udder attachment 130.50±1.75° and front teat position 3.61±0.13 cm. these linear type traits mainly affects the longevity and survivability of Sahiwal herds. The most of the traits were found to be intermediate type it leads to increase the longevity and fewer reproductive problems in the Sahiwal herds.

2021 ◽  
Vol 47 ◽  
Christine Hamel ◽  
Julie Méthot ◽  
Louise Mallet

Background: The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) are two internationally recognised organisations in the field of publication ethics. Guidelines from these two organisations were updated in 2018. Objectives: To assess the extent to which the journal Pharmactuel is compliant with the guidelines on publication ethics updated by ICMJE and COPE in 2018 and, where the journal is found  wanting, to take the necessary steps to make it compliant. Methods:  A list of updated criteria – 56 by ICMJE and 22 by COPE – was compiled. In January 2020, compliance with each of these criteria was evaluated by the editor-in-chief and validated by all six associate editors. The evaluation was followed by an action plan to improve compliance, and the evaluation was repeated in November 2020. Results: Of the 56 ICMJE criteria, Pharmactuel was fully compliant with 31 and partly compliant with 10 criteria (a compliance rate of 73%, taking the two together). The corresponding figures for the 22 COPE criteria were 17, 3, and 91%. By modifying its editorial policies, training its associate editors, and creating appropriate guidelines for its editorial board and editors, Pharmactuel achieved almost 100% compliance by the end of 2020. Conclusions: Pharmactuel has been fully compliant with ICMJE and COPE recommendations since January 2021. Minor modifications to Pharmactuel’s publication process have enabled the editorial team to ensure that the journal continues to be almost totally compliant with COPE and ICMJE guidelines and to uphold its high ethical standards.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (36) ◽  
pp. 3159-3165
Malika Jagannath Sehgal ◽  
Surekha Dubey (Godbole)

BACK GR O U ND Since the emergence of nCoV-19, till date it has affected several countries. This disease which is now called COVID-19 [(termed by World Health Organization (WHO)] is caused by a novel coronavirus, labelled as severe acute respiratoy syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) (termed by International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses). Belonging to the family of Coronaviridae, of the order Nidovirales, it comprises of large, solitary, plus-stranded ribo nucleic acid (RNA) in their genome. The 2019-nCoV explored in Wuhan belongs to the β-CoV according to the phylogenetic analysis based on the viral genome, and it chiefly infects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous system of humans and mammals. Its primary means of spread is either directly or indirectly by the means of droplets via the respiratory tract and fomites respectively. The most common routinely used instruments in the field of dentistry include airotors in the form of rotatory instruments and other surgical instruments. In the meantime, these instruments produce aerosols in the form of both larger and smaller droplets which generally consist of saliva, blood, microorganisms and other debris. Therefore due to possible aerosol and droplet production in the dental profession, nCoV-19 poses a significant risk of infection transmission. To combat nCoV-19, it is essential for a dental clinician to finely tune the protective approaches by concentrating towards the patient safety, personal protective gear and maintaining the hand hygiene. In addition to its modes of diffusion in dentistry, some other important themes like management of the patient, patient instructions and guidelines that a dentist should follow in day to day practice have been raised in this review. KEY WORDS 2019-nCov; Transmission; Dental Guidelines; Epidemiology

Om Prakash ◽  
Mrinalini Parmar ◽  
Manali Vaijanapurkar ◽  
Vinay Rale ◽  
Yogesh S Shouche

Abstract The current study attempts to analyze recent trends, biases, and limitations of cultivation based microbial diversity studies based on published, novel species in the past six years in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM), an official publication of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes (ICSP) and the Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology (BAM) Division of the International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS). IJSEM deals with taxa that have validly published names under the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP). All the relevant publications from the last six years were retrieved, sorted, and analyzed to get the answers to What is the current rate of novel species description? Which country has contributed substantially and which phyla represented better in culturable diversity studies? What are the current limitations? Published data for the past 6 years indicate that 500–900 novel species are reported annually. China, Korea, Germany, United Kingdom, India, and the USA are at the forefront while contributions from other nations are meager. Despite the recent development in culturomics tools the dominance of Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria are still prevalent in cultivation, while the representation of archaea, obligate anaerobes, microaerophiles, synergistic symbionts, aerotolerant, and other fastidious microbes is poor. Single strain-based taxonomic descriptions prevail and emphasis on objective-based cultivation for biotechnological and environmental significance is not- yet conspicuous.

Mart Krupovic ◽  
Dann Turner ◽  
Vera Morozova ◽  
Mike Dyall-Smith ◽  
Hanna M. Oksanen ◽  

AbstractIn this article, we – the Bacterial Viruses Subcommittee and the Archaeal Viruses Subcommittee of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) – summarise the results of our activities for the period March 2020 – March 2021. We report the division of the former Bacterial and Archaeal Viruses Subcommittee in two separate Subcommittees, welcome new members, a new Subcommittee Chair and Vice Chair, and give an overview of the new taxa that were proposed in 2020, approved by the Executive Committee and ratified by vote in 2021. In particular, a new realm, three orders, 15 families, 31 subfamilies, 734 genera and 1845 species were newly created or redefined (moved/promoted).

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