pattern recognition approach
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2022 ◽  
Vol 352 ◽  
pp. 131027
S. Braun ◽  
A. Kobald ◽  
A. Oprea ◽  
I. Boehme ◽  
P. Bonanati ◽  

Rupsa Saha ◽  
Ole-Christoffer Granmo ◽  
Vladimir I. Zadorozhny ◽  
Morten Goodwin

AbstractTsetlin machines (TMs) are a pattern recognition approach that uses finite state machines for learning and propositional logic to represent patterns. In addition to being natively interpretable, they have provided competitive accuracy for various tasks. In this paper, we increase the computing power of TMs by proposing a first-order logic-based framework with Herbrand semantics. The resulting TM is relational and can take advantage of logical structures appearing in natural language, to learn rules that represent how actions and consequences are related in the real world. The outcome is a logic program of Horn clauses, bringing in a structured view of unstructured data. In closed-domain question-answering, the first-order representation produces 10 × more compact KBs, along with an increase in answering accuracy from 94.83% to 99.48%. The approach is further robust towards erroneous, missing, and superfluous information, distilling the aspects of a text that are important for real-world understanding

Ernest Junrui Lim ◽  
Natalie Wei Lyn Leong ◽  
Chi Long Ho

: Intramedullary lesions can be challenging to diagnose given the wide range of possible pathologies. Each lesion has unique clinical and imaging features, which are best evaluated on magnetic resonance imaging. Radiological imaging is unique with rich, descriptive patterns and classic signs—which are often metaphorical. In this review, we present a collection of classic MRI signs, ranging from neoplastic to non-neoplastic lesions, within the spinal cord. The differential diagnosis (DD) of intramedullary lesions can be narrowed down by careful analysis of the classic signs and pattern of involvement in the spinal cord. Furthermore, the signs are illustrated memorably with emphasis on the pathophysiology, mimics and pitfalls. Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, particularly deep learning, have made remarkable progress in image recognition tasks. The classic signs and related illustrations can enhance a pattern recognition approach in diagnostic radiology. Deep learning can potentially be designed to distinguish neoplastic from non-neoplastic processes by pattern recognition of the classic MRI signs.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Martin Stetter ◽  
Elmar W. Lang

Human learning and intelligence work differently from the supervised pattern recognition approach adopted in most deep learning architectures. Humans seem to learn rich representations by exploration and imitation, build causal models of the world, and use both to flexibly solve new tasks. We suggest a simple but effective unsupervised model which develops such characteristics. The agent learns to represent the dynamical physical properties of its environment by intrinsically motivated exploration and performs inference on this representation to reach goals. For this, a set of self-organizing maps which represent state-action pairs is combined with a causal model for sequence prediction. The proposed system is evaluated in the cartpole environment. After an initial phase of playful exploration, the agent can execute kinematic simulations of the environment’s future and use those for action planning. We demonstrate its performance on a set of several related, but different one-shot imitation tasks, which the agent flexibly solves in an active inference style.

George Vavougios ◽  
Christofors Konstantatos ◽  
Pavlos - Christoforos Sinigalias ◽  
Sotirios Zarogiannis ◽  
Kostas Kolomvatsos ◽  

Samir Bandyopadhyay ◽  
Shawni Dutta

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) may sometimes unexpected loss of life. It affects the heart and blood vessels of body. CVD plays an important factor of life since it may cause death of human. It is necessary to detect early of this disease for securing patients life. In this chpter two exclusively different methods are proposed for detection of heart disease. The first one is Pattern Recognition Approach with grammatical concept and the second one is machine learning approach. In the syntactic pattern recognition approach initially ECG wave from different leads is decomposed into pattern primitive based on diagnostic criteria. These primitives are then used as terminals of the proposed grammar. Pattern primitives are then input to the grammar. The parsing table is created in a tabular form. It finally indicates the patient with any disease or normal. Here five diseases beside normal are considered. Different Machine Learning (ML) approaches may be used for detecting patients with CVD and assisting health care systems also. These are useful for learning and utilizing the patterns discovered from large databases. It applies to a set of information in order to recognize underlying relationship patterns from the information set. It is basically a learning stage. Unknown incoming set of patterns can be tested using these methods. Due to its self-adaptive structure Deep Learning (DL) can process information with minimal processing time. DL exemplifies the use of neural network. A predictive model follows DL techniques for analyzing and assessing patients with heart disease. A hybrid approach based on Convolutional Layer and Gated-Recurrent Unit (GRU) are used in the paper for diagnosing the heart disease.

2021 ◽  
Ensieh Iranmehr ◽  
Ricardo Ferreira ◽  
Tim Böhnert ◽  
Paulo Freitas

Coming up with a system for early detection of machine damages and failures is one of the important challenges in the industrial maintenance procedure to avoid additional costs and downtimes. To approach this goal, this paper uses the signal gathered by a sensing system which employed a spintropic sensor to measure the magnetic field around the machine which somehow shows the machine's behaviour. Using this signal and focusing on analysing and processing the signal, this paper develops a data-driven method to recognize signal patterns and subsequently detects anomalies. A challenging task that we succeeded to overcome in this paper is recognizing relevant signal patterns without having any prior knowledge. An algorithm designed for this task is therefore completely unsupervised which makes it consistent and suitable to apply it for the signals gathered for other types of machines. Using both frequency and time domain information, the proposed algorithm, which utilizes signal processing and machine learning techniques, is able to efficiently identify relevant signal patterns. Clustering results on the real data gathered by the aforementioned sensor have shown the high accuracy of 99.38% in recognizing patterns. Furthermore, an anomaly score measure is used and according to its distribution, anomalies are detected appropriately. <br>

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