alcohol dependence
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Life Sciences ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 291 ◽  
pp. 120316
Shreyasi Gupta ◽  
Sanchari Mukhopadhyay ◽  
Arkadeep Mitra

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Bo Zhang ◽  
Gang Wang ◽  
Cheng Bing Huang ◽  
Jian Nan Zhu ◽  
Yong Xue ◽  

Background: Alcohol dependence is an overall health-related challenge; however, the specific mechanisms underlying alcohol dependence remain unclear. Serine proteinase inhibitor A3 (SERPINA3) plays crucial roles in multiple human diseases; however, its role in alcohol dependence clinical practice has not been confirmed.Methods: We screened Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) expression profiles, and identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were generated using STRING and Cytoscape, and the key clustering module was identified using the MCODE plugin. SERPINA3-based target microRNA prediction was performed using online databases. Functional enrichment analysis was performed. Fifty-eight patients with alcohol dependence and 20 healthy controls were recruited. Clinical variables were collected and follow-up was conducted for 8 months for relapse.Results:SERPINA3 was identified as a DEG. ELANE and miR-137 were identified after PPI analysis. The enriched functions and pathways included acute inflammatory response, response to stress, immune response, and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis. SERPINA3 concentrations were significantly elevated in the alcohol dependence group than in healthy controls (P < 0.001). According to the median value of SERPINA3 expression level in alcohol dependence group, patients were divided into high SERPINA3 (≥2677.33 pg/ml, n = 29) and low SERPINA3 groups (<2677.33 pg/ml, n = 29). Binary logistic analysis indicated that IL-6 was statistically significant (P = 0.015) Kaplan-Meier survival analysis did not indicate any difference in event-free survival between patients with low and high SERPINA3 levels (P = 0.489) after 8 months of follow-up. Receiver characteristic curve analysis revealed that SERPINA3 had an area under the curve of 0.921 (P < 0.0001), with a sensitivity and specificity of 93.1 and 80.0%, respectively. Cox regression analysis revealed that aspartate transaminase level was a negative predictor of relapse (β = 0.003; hazard ratio = 1.003; P = 0.03).Conclusions:SERPINA3 level was remarkably elevated in patients with alcohol dependence than healthy controls, indicating that SERPINA3 is correlated with alcohol dependence. However, SERPINA3 may not be a potential predictive marker of relapse with patients in alcohol dependence.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (4) ◽  
pp. 340-346
Soman Gurung ◽  
Ravi Kant Gupta ◽  
Vinutha Silvanus

Over the past few decades, alcohol consumption has increased in quantity and frequency. Several studies have suggested that people who start drinking at younger age have an increased risk of alcohol use disorder. This study was carried out to assess the pattern of alcohol consumption in relation to the age of initiation of alcohol use among the residents of Jhaukhel area of Bhaktapur district. A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted in Jhaukhel area of Bhaktapur district among the permanent residents aged 15 years and above through a purposive sampling technique using a pre tested self-constructed proforma. Assessment of alcohol use, harmful/ hazardous drinking and alcohol dependence was done using an AUDIT questionnaire as a tool. Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test were applied and ‘p’ value was calculated to see the association between age of onset of alcohol use and the alcohol use pattern and effects. The level of significance was set at 5%, and ‘p’ value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. A total of 190 respondents were interviewed. Mean age of the respondents was 41.25 ± 16.4 years while mean age of initiation of alcohol consumption was 20 ± 4.3 years and 31 (30.4 %) of drinkers initiated alcohol consumption before legal drinking age (18 years). This was more among males (36.5%) than females (14.3%), (p-value: 0.03, OR: 3.4, 95%CI: 1-11) Initiating alcohol consumption early in life before 18 years was strongly associated with binge drinking pattern (P value: <0.001, OR: 9.5, 95%CI: 2.7-33.3). Those who initiate drinking before 18 years were more likely to suffer from alcohol related medical problems compared to those who initiated drinking after 18 years (OR: 6.63, 95% CI: 2.3-19.3, P value: 0.001). Parental consumption of alcohol was found to be associated with the early initiation of alcohol use (OR: 2.7, 95%CI: 1.01-6.96, P value: 0.03). Early initiation of alcohol consumption before legal drinking age was not only a predictor for binge drinking and alcohol dependence, but also a risk factor for alcohol related medical problem, accidents and self-inflicted injuries. Hence this is a serious issue which needs to be addressed at the individual, family as well as community level.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 81-86
Neetha Kamath ◽  
Shiji Pazhampallial Jose ◽  
Supriya Hegde

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (5-6) ◽  
pp. 3-6
В.В. Борисенко ◽  
А.М. Скрипніков ◽  
К.В. Гринь ◽  
Ю.О. Фисун ◽  
О.А. Казаков ◽  

Significant consequences of alcohol abuse give grounds to classify alcohol dependence as a medical and social pathology that poses a danger to society. The number of patients registered in medical dispensaries in Ukraine reaches 1 million. Recurrences of the disease during the year after treatment are observed in 60-75% of patients with alcohol dependence. The problem is exacerbated by the medical and social consequences of alcohol abuse in the form of increased mental and physical illness, trauma, suicide attempts and aggressive behavior, criminal acts. This renders the search for new therapeutic approaches to the treatment of alcohol dependence relevant. The aim of the study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of using the global assessment of functioning scale (GAFS) to diagnose the dynamics of social functioning of patients with alcohol dependence. The study of the dynamics in the level of general functioning with the use of GAFS in the main and control groups yielded the following results. There was a significant increase in psychological, social and professional functioning in 74.0% of patients in whom a system of treatment and prophylactic measures was applied as compared to 46.7% of patients in the comparison group (χ2 = 6.062, p <0.05). A follow-up study showed that the number of persistent remissions was by 2 times higher in the main group than in the comparison group, 54.0% and 23.3%, respectively (p <0.001).

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