alkaline phosphatase
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2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 71-75
A O Okezie ◽  
C O Edeogu ◽  
D A Onweh ◽  
E C Ogbodo ◽  
A A Okebalama ◽  

The monitoring of bone fractured healing using Alkaline phosphatase, calcium ion and inorganic phosphate was evaluated among patients with fractured bone in two different centers, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki and Bone Setters Home, Onueke, Ezza in Ebonyi State between August 2017 and September 2018. : A total of 90 adults patients from 18 years to 78 years were examined using phenolphthalein monophosphate colorimetric end point method. Out of the 90 patients, 30 were healthy normal subjects, another 30 were patients in AE-FUTHA while the remaining 30 patients were in bone setter home. : Patients without bone fracture had the least mean serum level of alkaline phosphatase, 28.5 ± 9.0µl followed by those admitted in bone setter home with a mean serum level of 38.2±17.9µl while patients admitted in AE-FUTHA had the highest mean serum level of 41.4±6.5µl (P<0.05). The mean serum level of calcium was significantly higher 10.9± 2.6mg/dl in healthy normal patients compared to mean serum level of 9.2 ± 3.3mg/dl and 7.4 ± 1.3mg/dl for patients admitted in AE-FUTHA and bone setter home respectively. The mean serum level of inorganic phosphate indicate that patients admitted in bone setter home had the highest mean of 4.1 ± 1.0mg/dl followed by patients admitted in AE-FUTHA 3.4 ± 0.2mg/dl while that of healthy normal individuals had the least mean serum level of 3.2 ± 0.5mg/dl. : Out of the three parameters examined, alkaline phosphatase test was more precise, reliable and patient doctor friendly; hence it can be used as a veritable tool to monitor the process of bone fracture healing effectively.

Quentin Delmez ◽  
Vincent Haufroid ◽  
Sophie Gohy ◽  
Pierre-François Laterre ◽  
Philippe Hantson

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 395
Juan Liu ◽  
Xin Qi ◽  
Xiao-Hong Wang ◽  
Hong-Sheng Miao ◽  
Zi-Chao Xue ◽  

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) emerged as a key regulator in development and tumorigenesis. This study aims to investigate the function and mechanism of MEG3 in osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and explores the use of MEG3 in skull defects bone repairing. Methods: Endogenous expression of MEG3 during BMSCs osteogenic differentiation was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). MEG3 was knockdown in BMSCs by lentiviral transduction. The proliferation, osteogenic-related genes and proteins expression of MEG3 knockdown BMSCs were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, qPCR, alizarin red and alkaline phosphatase staining. Western blot was used to detect β-catenin expression in MEG3 knockdown BMSCs. Dickkopf 1 (DKK1) was used to block wnt/β-catenin pathway. The osteogenic-related genes and proteins expression of MEG3 knockdown BMSCs after wnt/β-catenin inhibition were assessed by qPCR, alizarin red and alkaline phosphatase staining. MEG3 knockdown BMSCs scaffold with PHMG were implanted in a critical-sized skull defects of rat model. Micro-computed tomography(micro-CT), hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate the bone repairing. Results: Endogenous expression of MEG3 was increased during osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Downregulation of MEG3 could promote osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in vitro. Notably, a further mechanism study revealed that MEG3 knockdown could activate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in BMSCs. Wnt/β-catenin inhibition would impair MEG3-induced osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. By using poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate, PHBHHx)-mesoporous bioactive glass (PHMG) scaffold with MEG3 knockdown BMSCs, we found that downregulation of MEG3 in BMSCs could accelerate bone repairing in a critical-sized skull defects rat model. Conclusions: Our study reveals the important role of MEG3 during osteogenic differentiation and bone regeneration. Thus, MEG3 engineered BMSCs may be effective potential therapeutic targets for skull defects.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yuanyuan Zhang ◽  
Panpan He ◽  
Guobao Wang ◽  
Min Liang ◽  
Di Xie ◽  

The relation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is still uncertain. We aimed to examine the prospective association between serum ALP and CKD progression, and the modifying effect of serum ALP on folic acid in preventing CKD progression in treated hypertensive patients. This is a post-hoc analysis of 12,734 hypertensive adults with relevant measurements and without liver disease at baseline from the renal sub-study of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial, where participants were randomly assigned to daily treatments of 10 mg enalapril and 0.8 mg folic acid, or 10 mg enalapril alone. The primary outcome was CKD progression, defined as a decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of ≥30% and to a level of <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 if baseline eGFR was ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2; or a decrease in eGFR of ≥50% if baseline eGFR was <60 ml/min/1.73 m2; or end-stage renal disease. Over a median of 4.4 years, in the enalapril only group, participants with baseline serum ALP≥110IU/L (quartile 4) had a significantly higher risk of CKD progression (3.4% vs 2.3%; adjusted OR,1.61; 95%CI:1.11, 2.32), compared with those with ALP<110IU/L. For those with enalapril and folic acid treatment, compared with the enalapril only treatment, the risk of CKD progression was reduced from 3.4 to 2.1% (adjusted OR, 0.53; 95%CI:0.34, 0.83) among participants with baseline ALP≥110IU/L, whereas there was no significant effect among those with ALP<110IU/L. In hypertensive patients, higher serum ALP was associated with increased risk of CKD progression, and this risk was reduced by 47% with folic acid treatment.

Cells ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 243
Jacqueline Cordell

The experiences of a laboratory which pioneered the application of monoclonal antibodies to diagnostic histochemistry is described. This was achieved in four key steps: (1) Monoclonal antibodies were successfully produced to replace the difficult-to-produce and limited polyclonal antibodies available for immunohistochemistry. (2) Monoclonal antibodies were produced to improve the immunoenzymatic detection of bound antibodies, using immunoperoxidase or alkaline phosphatase, increasing sensitivity and allowing the use of two chromogens when applied together. The availability of a reliable alkaline phosphatase-based detection allowed the detection of antigens in tissues with high endogenous peroxidase. (3) Methodologies were developed to unmask antigens not detected in routinely processed paraffin-embedded tissue. (4) Synthetic peptides were used as immunising antigens for the direct production of specific molecules of diagnostic interest. This was expanded to include recombinant proteins. Many reacted with fixed tissue and recognised homologous molecules in other species. In addition to these developments, the laboratory promoted the collaboration and training of researchers to spread the expertise of monoclonal production for diagnosis.

Haiting Huang ◽  
Jun Lu ◽  
Pengwei Guo ◽  
Jun Pang ◽  
Jing Ma ◽  

AbstractFew cases of uraemic tumoral calcinosis (UTC) have been reported. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of parathyroidectomy for UTC. Historical clinical data of patients with end-stage renal disease and UTC who underwent parathyroidectomy were analysed. Absorption of metastatic calcification was compared before and after operation. Changes in intact parathyroid hormone, serum calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase levels were analysed before parathyroidectomy and at 1 week and 3, 6, and 12 months after parathyroidectomy. Eight patients met the enrolment criteria (men, 6; mean age, 38.6 SD 10.9 years). Uraemic tumoral calcinosis, which developed 2–8 years after dialysis began, was caused by secondary hyperparathyroidism. Massive calcium deposition was found in the shoulder (n = 6), hip (n = 3), and elbow (n = 2). Four patients had > 2 joints affected, and a single joint was involved for four patients. Seven patients had rapid remission (< 6 months) of the masses after parathyroidectomy. In one patient, the mass remained unabsorbed until 6 months postoperatively. Hypocalcaemia occurred in all patients where parathyroidectomy was successful, and calcium supplementation was required 1 year postoperatively. Serum intact parathyroid hormone levels on day 7 and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively decreased significantly from baseline and remained low 1 year postoperatively (22.015 SD33.134 pg/mL). Postoperative phosphorus levels were significantly lower than preoperative levels (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was found in alkaline phosphatase levels (p > 0.05). Parathyroidectomy has promising efficacy for UTC treatment and regulation of serum intact parathyroid hormone and phosphorus. Hypocalcaemia is a common complication after parathyroidectomy. Current Controlled Trials ChiCTR2000041311, date of registration: Dec. 23, 2020.

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