Permanent Magnet
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Author(s):  
Nurma Sari ◽  
Gatut Yudoyono ◽  
Ali Yunus Rohedi ◽  
Yono Hadi Pramono

<p>The development of axial-flux permanent-magnet (AFPM) machines has become a mature technology. The single-stator double-rotor (SSDR) AFPM structure has advantages on the compactness and the low up to medium power applications so the microscale size and low-cost applications are reachable to be designed. The research main objectives are designing and manufacturing the lateral shifting from the north poles of the first rotor face the north poles of the second rotor (NN) to the north poles of the first rotor face the south poles of the second rotor (NS) categories as well as finding the best performance of the proposed method and implementing in a low cost and micro-scale AFPMG. The novel lateral shifting on the one of the rotors shows performance at 19.2<sup>0</sup> has the highest efficiency at 88.39% during lateral shifting from N–N (0<sup>0</sup>) to N–S (36<sup>0</sup>) on rotor<sub>2</sub>.</p>


Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 164
Author(s):  
Wenhui Pei ◽  
Qi Zhang ◽  
Yongjing Li

This paper presents an efficiency optimization controller for a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) of an electric vehicle. A new loss model is obtained based on the permanent magnet synchronous motor’s energy balance equation utilizing the theory of the port-controlled Hamiltonian system. Since the energy balance equation is just the power loss of the PMSM, which provides great convenience for us to use the energy method for efficiency optimization. Then, a new loss minimization algorithm (LMA) is designed based on the new loss model by adjusting the ratio of the excitation current in the d–q axis. Moreover, the proposed algorithm is achieved by the principle of the energy shape method of the Hamiltonian system. Simulations are finally presented to verify effectiveness. The main results of these simulations indicate that the dynamic performance of the drive is maintained and the efficiency increase is up to about 7% compared with the id=0 control algorithm, and about 4.5% compared with the conventional LMA at a steady operation of a PMSM.


Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 205
Author(s):  
Ji-Hun Lee ◽  
Hoon-Ki Lee ◽  
Young-Geun Lee ◽  
Jeong-In Lee ◽  
Seong-Tae Jo ◽  
...  

In this study, the characteristic analysis of a permanent magnet synchronous generator was performed using the analytical method, and the validity of the analytical method was compared with that of the finite element method (FEM). For the initial design, the rotor size was selected using the torque per rotor volume method, and the stator size was selected according to the saturation of the stator iron core. In addition, fast Fourier transform analysis was performed to determine the appropriate magnet thickness point, and it was confirmed that the open circuit and armature reaction magnetic flux densities were consistent with the FEM analysis results. Based on the analytical method, the generator circuit constants (phase resistance, back EMF, and inductance) were derived to construct an equivalent circuit. By applying the equivalent circuit method to the derived circuit constants, the accuracy of the equivalent circuit method was confirmed by comparing the FEM and experimental results.


2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110632
Author(s):  
Yankui Song ◽  
Yu Xia ◽  
Jiaxu Wang ◽  
Junyang Li ◽  
Cheng Wang ◽  
...  

The permanent magnet synchronous motor is extensively used in robots due to its superior performances. However, robots mostly operate in unstructured and dynamically changing environments. Therefore, it is urgent and challenging to achieve high-performance control with high security and reliability. This paper investigates an accelerated adaptive fuzzy neural prescribed performance controller for the PMSM to solve chaotic oscillations, prescribed output performance constraint, full-state constraints, input constraints, uncertain time delays, and unknown external disturbances. First, for ensuring the permanent magnet synchronous motor with higher security, faster response speed, and lower tracking error simultaneously, a novel unified prescribed performance log-type barrier Lyapunov function is proposed to handle both prescribed output performance constraint and full-state constraints. Subsequently, a continuous differentiable constraint function-based model is introduced for solving input constraints nonlinearity. The Lyapunov–Krasovskii functions are utilized to compensate the uncertain time delays. Besides, a type-2 sequential fuzzy neural network is exploited to approximate unknown nonlinearities and unknown gain. For the “explosion of complexity” associated with backstepping, a tracking differentiator is integrated into this controller. Furthermore, a speed function is introduced in the backstepping technique for accelerated convergence. On the basis of above works, the accelerated adaptive backstepping controller is achieved. And the presented controller can ensure that all the closed-loop signals are ultimate boundedness, and all state variables are restricted in the prespecified regions and the permanent magnet synchronous motor successfully escapes from chaotic oscillations. Finally, the simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed controller.


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