torque control
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Author(s):  
Iliass Rkik ◽  
Mohamed El Khayat ◽  
Abdelali Ed-Dahhak ◽  
Mohammed Guerbaoui ◽  
Abdeslam Lachhab

<p>The main aim of this paper is to present a novel control approach of an induction machine (IM) using an improved space vector modulation based direct torque control (SVM-DTC) on the basis of imaginary swapping instant technique. The improved control strategy is presented to surmount the drawbacks of the classical direct torque control (DTC) and to enhance the dynamic performance of the induction motor. This method requires neither angle identification nor sector determination; the imaginary swapping instant vector is used to fix the effective period in which the power is transferred to the IM. Both the classical DTC method and the suggested adaptive DTC techniques have been carried out in MATLAB/SimulinkTM. Simulation results shows the effectiveness of the enhanced control strategy and demonstrate that torque and flux ripples are massively diminished compared to the conventional DTC (CDTC) which gives a better performance. Finally, the system will also be tested for its robustness against variations in the IM parameters.</p>


Author(s):  
JD Anunciya ◽  
Arumugam Sivaprakasam

The Matrix Converter–fed Finite Control Set–Model Predictive Control is an efficient drive control approach that exhibits numerous advantageous features. However, it is computationally expensive as it employs all the available matrix converter voltage vectors for the prediction and estimation. The computational complexity increases further with respect to the inclusion of additional control objectives in the cost function which degrades the potentiality of this technique. This paper proposes two computationally effective switching tables for simplifying the calculation process and optimizing the matrix converter active prediction vectors. Here, three prediction active vectors are selected out of 18 vectors by considering the torque and flux errors of the permanent magnet synchronous motor. In addition, the voltage vector location segments are modified into 12 sectors to boost the torque dynamic control. The performance superiority of the proposed concept is analyzed using the MATLAB/Simulink software and the real-time validation is conducted by implementing in the real-time OPAL-RT lab setup.


2022 ◽  
pp. 030157422110607
Author(s):  
Arun Kumar Dasari ◽  
Madhukar Reddy Rachala ◽  
Kaladhar Reddy Aileni

Orthodontic management of ectopic canines is quite challenging and time consuming due to the presence of thin buccal cortical bone. Sectional mechanics provide distal and extrusive force on canine but without any torque control. So, palatal root torquing during canine retraction is needed to increase the buccal cortical bone thickness and to avoid bone dehiscence and gingival recession. This article describes an innovative spring which provides 3-dimensional control by simultaneous retraction, extrusion, and torquing of ectopic canine.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 17
Author(s):  
Oumaymah Elamri ◽  
Abdellah Oukassi ◽  
Lhoussain El Bahir ◽  
Zakariae El Idrissi

The goal of this study was to figure out how to regulate an induction motor in a hybrid electric vehicle. Conventional combined vector and direct control induction motors take advantage of the advantages of vector control and direct torque control. It is also a method that avoids some of the difficulties in implementing both of the two control methods. However, for this method of control, the statoric current has a great wealth of harmonic components which, unfortunately, results in a strong undulation of the torque regardless of the region speed. To solve this problem, a five-level neutral point clamped inverter was used. Through multilevel inverter operation, the voltage is closer to the sine wave. The speed and torque are then successfully controlled with a lower level of ripple in the torque response which improves system performance. The analysis of this study was verified with simulation in the MATLAB/Simulink interface. The simulation results demonstrate the high performance of this control strategy.


PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261318
Author(s):  
Nicholas A. Bianco ◽  
Patrick W. Franks ◽  
Jennifer L. Hicks ◽  
Scott L. Delp

Assistive exoskeletons can reduce the metabolic cost of walking, and recent advances in exoskeleton device design and control have resulted in large metabolic savings. Most exoskeleton devices provide assistance at either the ankle or hip. Exoskeletons that assist multiple joints have the potential to provide greater metabolic savings, but can require many actuators and complicated controllers, making it difficult to design effective assistance. Coupled assistance, when two or more joints are assisted using one actuator or control signal, could reduce control dimensionality while retaining metabolic benefits. However, it is unknown which combinations of assisted joints are most promising and if there are negative consequences associated with coupled assistance. Since designing assistance with human experiments is expensive and time-consuming, we used musculoskeletal simulation to evaluate metabolic savings from multi-joint assistance and identify promising joint combinations. We generated 2D muscle-driven simulations of walking while simultaneously optimizing control strategies for simulated lower-limb exoskeleton assistive devices to minimize metabolic cost. Each device provided assistance either at a single joint or at multiple joints using massless, ideal actuators. To assess if control could be simplified for multi-joint exoskeletons, we simulated different control strategies in which the torque provided at each joint was either controlled independently or coupled between joints. We compared the predicted optimal torque profiles and changes in muscle and total metabolic power consumption across the single joint and multi-joint assistance strategies. We found multi-joint devices–whether independent or coupled–provided 50% greater metabolic savings than single joint devices. The coupled multi-joint devices were able to achieve most of the metabolic savings produced by independently-controlled multi-joint devices. Our results indicate that device designers could simplify multi-joint exoskeleton designs by reducing the number of torque control parameters through coupling, while still maintaining large reductions in metabolic cost.


Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 374
Author(s):  
Tomas Esparza Sola ◽  
Huang-Jen Chiu ◽  
Yu-Chen Liu ◽  
Arief Noor Rahman

This paper presents a method to extend the DC bus utilization on an induction motor (IM) by using a combination of Space-Vector Modulated Direct Torque Control (DTC–SVM) and conventional DTC. The scheme proposed in this paper exploits the advantages of both control methods. During the linear region, it allows for a low torque ripple and low current harmonic distortion (THD). During the overmodulation region, it allows for the fastest torque response up to the six-step operation region. In both regions, there is complete independence of the motor parameters. The paper describes a way to provide a smooth transition between the two control schemes. Non-linearities affect the stator flux angle estimation, which leads to the inability to decouple torque and flux. To overcome this problem, a novel PI-based control scheme as well as a simplification on the decoupling terms’ calculation are proposed. Simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the feasibility of the proposed method.


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