permanent magnet synchronous motor
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 1350-1361
Youcef Belkhier ◽  
Abdelyazid Achour ◽  
Miroslav Bures ◽  
Nasim Ullah ◽  
Mohit Bajaj ◽  

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 164
Wenhui Pei ◽  
Qi Zhang ◽  
Yongjing Li

This paper presents an efficiency optimization controller for a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) of an electric vehicle. A new loss model is obtained based on the permanent magnet synchronous motor’s energy balance equation utilizing the theory of the port-controlled Hamiltonian system. Since the energy balance equation is just the power loss of the PMSM, which provides great convenience for us to use the energy method for efficiency optimization. Then, a new loss minimization algorithm (LMA) is designed based on the new loss model by adjusting the ratio of the excitation current in the d–q axis. Moreover, the proposed algorithm is achieved by the principle of the energy shape method of the Hamiltonian system. Simulations are finally presented to verify effectiveness. The main results of these simulations indicate that the dynamic performance of the drive is maintained and the efficiency increase is up to about 7% compared with the id=0 control algorithm, and about 4.5% compared with the conventional LMA at a steady operation of a PMSM.

Mingming Mei ◽  
Shuo Cheng ◽  
Liang Li ◽  
Bingjie Yan

Abstract Based on the guaranteed cost theory, this paper proposes a robust controller for the automotive electro-hydraulic coupling system. However, parameter perturbation caused by the model linearization is a critical challenge for the nonlinear electro-hydraulic coupling system. Generally, the electrical brake booster system (E-Booster) can be separated into three parts, a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), a hydraulic model of the master cylinder, and the transmission mechanism. In this paper, the robust guaranteed cost controller (RGCC) could adjust accurately the pushrod position of the E-Booster and has strong robustness against internal uncertainties, and the linear extended state observer (LESO) was utilized to optimize E-Booster's dynamic performance. Thus, the tracking differentiator (TD) and LESO are used to improve the dynamic precision and reduce the hysteresis effect. The overshoot is suppressed by TD, and the disturbance caused by nonlinear uncertainty is restrained by LESO. Experiment results show that RGCC sacrifices 6% phase lag in the low-frequency domain for a 10% and 40% reduction in first and second-order respectively compared with the proportion integration differentiation (PID). Results demonstrate that RGCC has higher precision and stronger robustness in dynamic behaviour.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110632
Yankui Song ◽  
Yu Xia ◽  
Jiaxu Wang ◽  
Junyang Li ◽  
Cheng Wang ◽  

The permanent magnet synchronous motor is extensively used in robots due to its superior performances. However, robots mostly operate in unstructured and dynamically changing environments. Therefore, it is urgent and challenging to achieve high-performance control with high security and reliability. This paper investigates an accelerated adaptive fuzzy neural prescribed performance controller for the PMSM to solve chaotic oscillations, prescribed output performance constraint, full-state constraints, input constraints, uncertain time delays, and unknown external disturbances. First, for ensuring the permanent magnet synchronous motor with higher security, faster response speed, and lower tracking error simultaneously, a novel unified prescribed performance log-type barrier Lyapunov function is proposed to handle both prescribed output performance constraint and full-state constraints. Subsequently, a continuous differentiable constraint function-based model is introduced for solving input constraints nonlinearity. The Lyapunov–Krasovskii functions are utilized to compensate the uncertain time delays. Besides, a type-2 sequential fuzzy neural network is exploited to approximate unknown nonlinearities and unknown gain. For the “explosion of complexity” associated with backstepping, a tracking differentiator is integrated into this controller. Furthermore, a speed function is introduced in the backstepping technique for accelerated convergence. On the basis of above works, the accelerated adaptive backstepping controller is achieved. And the presented controller can ensure that all the closed-loop signals are ultimate boundedness, and all state variables are restricted in the prespecified regions and the permanent magnet synchronous motor successfully escapes from chaotic oscillations. Finally, the simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed controller.

JD Anunciya ◽  
Arumugam Sivaprakasam

The Matrix Converter–fed Finite Control Set–Model Predictive Control is an efficient drive control approach that exhibits numerous advantageous features. However, it is computationally expensive as it employs all the available matrix converter voltage vectors for the prediction and estimation. The computational complexity increases further with respect to the inclusion of additional control objectives in the cost function which degrades the potentiality of this technique. This paper proposes two computationally effective switching tables for simplifying the calculation process and optimizing the matrix converter active prediction vectors. Here, three prediction active vectors are selected out of 18 vectors by considering the torque and flux errors of the permanent magnet synchronous motor. In addition, the voltage vector location segments are modified into 12 sectors to boost the torque dynamic control. The performance superiority of the proposed concept is analyzed using the MATLAB/Simulink software and the real-time validation is conducted by implementing in the real-time OPAL-RT lab setup.

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 101
Jing Guo ◽  
Tao Fan ◽  
Qi Li ◽  
Xuhui Wen

An asymmetric, cross-coupling effect, as well as digital control delays, in a permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) will deteriorate its current-control performance in the high-speed range, especially for electric motors used in electric vehicles (EVs) with features such as high-power density and a low carrier/modulation frequency ratio. In this paper, an angle-compensating, complex-coefficient, proportional-integrator (ACCC-PI) controller is proposed, which aims to provide an excellent decoupling performance even with considerable digital control delay. Firstly, the current open and closed loop complex-coefficient transfer functions were established in the synchronous rotation coordinate system. The proposed method, along with existing ones, were then evaluated and theoretically compared. On this basis, the parameter-tuning method of the ACCC-PI controller was presented. Finally, simulation and experimental results proved the correctness of the theoretical analysis and the proposed method.

Tian Xia ◽  
Falong Zhu ◽  
Peng Kang ◽  
Buyun Sheng ◽  
Yiming Qiu

For avoiding the damage of the insulation and permanent magnet, the temperature rise of the PMSM (permanent magnet synchronous motor) should be controlled strictly, it is usually one of the main objectives during improving the output power and torque density beyond the state-of-the-art in motor design. In this research, the coolant channel will be placed within the yoke of the stator core to enhance the heat transfer between the stator core and the coolant. Hydrophobic coating is applied to replace the metal tube for increasing the utilization of the cross area of the coolant channel. The impact of the coolant channel on the performance of the permanent magnet motor is analyzed. A general design method of the coolant channel is presented. The result shows that the change of the stator core loss is within about 10% as the coolant channel is moved away from the slot along the radial direction while the back electromotive force of the motor could keep constant through appropriate design. The impacts of the coolant channels on the magnet performance and the heat dissipation performance could be divided completely with the design method. The method can be applied on various PMSM including SPM (surface-mounted permanent magnet motor) and IPMSM (interior permanent magnet synchronous motor). Sufficient coolant flow could be provide to help conduct the temperature rise of the motor.

2022 ◽  
pp. 107754632110576
Fatih Adıgüzel ◽  
Türker Türker

This paper addresses an adaptive control approach to achieve high-performance response in phase currents and to minimize torque ripples in uncertain permanent magnet synchronous motor drives. In this manner, the electrical part of the permanent magnet synchronous motor drive is considered completely uncertain by taking the inherent characteristic of the parameters into account. A periodic adaptive controller is formulated in order to achieve the torque ripple reduction in the presence of the time-varying periodic uncertainties. In the sense that the periodic uncertainties appearing in permanent magnet synchronous motor drives change by the angular position, a change of the time variable is applied in the formulation of the proposed adaptive controller, and the stability analysis is conducted accordingly utilizing a Lyapunov–Krasovskii functional. Extensive numerical simulations are successfully performed for various operation points to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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