heavy crude
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Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 312 ◽  
pp. 123001
Shuai Zhao ◽  
Wanfen Pu ◽  
Jingjun Pan ◽  
Sen Chen ◽  
Liwei Zhang

Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 312 ◽  
pp. 122939
Martha L. Chacón-Patiño ◽  
Jenny Nelson ◽  
Estrella Rogel ◽  
Kyle Hench ◽  
Laura Poirier ◽  

ACS Omega ◽  
2022 ◽  
Lacey D. Douglas ◽  
Natalia Rivera-Gonzalez ◽  
Nicholas Cool ◽  
Aayushi Bajpayee ◽  
Malsha Udayakantha ◽  

A. I. Lakhova ◽  
S. M. Petrov ◽  
N. E. Ignashev ◽  
G. G. Islamova ◽  

The article presents the results of deep processing of heavy crude oil in supercritical aqueous fluid, which makes it possible to significantly reduce the content of sulfur and resinous asphaltene compounds in products, and to increase the yield of light fuel fractions. The possibility of reducing the temperature of upgrading of heavy crude oil due to the presence of active charcoal in the reaction medium is shown. The proposed technology provides environmentally safe and residue-free processing of heavy oil and further production of high-quality hydrocarbon raw materials enriched in low-boiling fractions. Keywords: upgrading; heavy crude oil; supercritical aqueous fluid; activated charcoal.

Lorena Alcaraz ◽  
Olga Rodríguez Largo ◽  
Francisco J. Alguacil ◽  
Margarita Alvarez Montes ◽  
Carmen Baudín ◽  

An laboratory procedure has been developed to obtain lanthanum oxide from spent fluid catalytic cracking catalyst, commonly used in the cracking the heavy crude oil process. Two different spent fluid catalytic cracking catalysts, which are mainly formed by silica and alumina, and a certain amount of rare earths were leached under several conditions to recover the rare earth from the solids waste. Subsequently, liquid phases were subjected to a liquid-liquid extraction process, and lanthanum was quantitatively stripped using oxalic acid to obtain the corresponding lanthanum oxalates. After the corresponding thermal treatment, these solids were transformed into lanthanum oxide. Both, lanthanum oxalates and oxides solids have been characterized by wide techniques in order to investigate the purity of the phases.

2021 ◽  
Vol 931 (1) ◽  
pp. 012002
A Pituganova ◽  
I Minkhanov ◽  
A Bolotov ◽  
M Varfolomeev

Abstract Thermal enhanced oil recovery techniques, especially steam injection, are the most successful techniques for extra heavy crude oil reservoirs. Steam injection and its variations are based on the decrease in oil viscosity with increasing temperature. The main objective of this study is the development of advanced methods for the production of extra heavy crude oil in the oilfield of the Republic of Tatarstan. The filtration experiment was carried out on a bulk model of non-extracted core under reservoir conditions. The experiment involves the injection of slugs of fresh water, hot water and steam. At the stage of water injection, no oil production was observed while during steam injection recovery factor (RF) achieved 13.4 % indicating that fraction of immobile oil and non-vaporizing residual components is high and needed to be recovered by steam assisted EORs.

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