micromagnetic simulation
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Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 278
Jia-Qiang Lin ◽  
Ji-Pei Chen ◽  
Zhen-Yu Tan ◽  
Yuan Chen ◽  
Zhi-Feng Chen ◽  

Magnetic skyrmions are promising potential information carriers for future spintronic devices owing to their nanoscale size, non-volatility and high mobility. In this work, we demonstrate the controlled manipulation of skyrmion motion and its implementation in a new concept of racetrack logical device by introducing an inhomogeneous perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) via micromagnetic simulation. Here, the inhomogeneous PMA can be introduced by a capping nano-island that serves as a tunable potential barriers/well which can effectively modulate the size and shape of isolated skyrmion. Using the inhomogeneous PMA in skyrmion-based racetrack enables the manipulation of skyrmion motion behaviors, for instance, blocking, trapping or allowing passing the injected skyrmion. In addition, the skyrmion trapping operation can be further exploited in developing special designed racetrack devices with logic AND and NOT, wherein a set of logic AND operations can be realized via skyrmion–skyrmion repulsion between two skyrmions. These results indicate an effective method for tailoring the skyrmion structures and motion behaviors by using inhomogeneous PMA, which further provide a new pathway to all-electric skyrmion-based memory and logic devices.

2021 ◽  
Anjan Kumar Jena ◽  
Sameer Kumar Mallik ◽  
Mousam Charan Sahu ◽  
Sandhyarani Sahoo ◽  
Ajit Kumar Sahoo ◽  

Abstract Strain-mediated magnetism in 2D materials and dilute magnetic semiconductors hold multi-functional applications for future nano-electronics. Herein, First principles calculations are employed to study the influence of biaxial strain on the magnetic properties of Co-doped monolayer W S2. The non-magnetic W S2 shows ferromagnetic signature upon Co doping due to spin polarization, which is further improved at low compressive (-2 %) and tensile (+2 %) strains. From the PDOS and spin density analysis, the opposite magnetic ordering is found to be favourable under the application of compressive and tensile strains. The double exchange interaction and p-d hybridization mechanisms make Co-doped W S2 a potential host for magnetism. More importantly, the competition between exchange and crystal field splittings, i.e. (∆ ex > ∆ c f s), of the Co-atom play pivotal roles in deciding the values of the magnetic moments under applied strain. Micromagnetic simulation reveals, the ferromagnetic behavior calculated from DFT exhibits low-field magnetic reversal (190 Oe). Moreover, the spins of Co-doped W S2 are slightly tilted from the easy axis orientations showing slanted ferromagnetic hysteresis loop. The ferromagnetic nature of Co-doped W S2 suppresses beyond ±2 % strain, which is reflected in terms of decrease in the coercivity in the micromagnetic simulation. The understanding of low-field magnetic reversal and spin orientations in Co-doped W S2 may pave the way for next-generation spintronics and straintronics applications.

Cholsong Kim ◽  
Dong Liang ◽  
Yongnam Han ◽  
Shilei Ding ◽  
Kewei Li ◽  

Constantin DAVID ◽  
Wilhelm KAPPEL ◽  
Eros-Alexandru PATROI ◽  
Eugen MANTA ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 3-10
Dewi Azzahra Puspita ◽  
Lutfi Rohman ◽  
Artoto Arkundato ◽  
Ratna Dewi Syarifah

Phase transition yesng happens to the material magnetite (Fe3O4) is an interesting phenomenon to study because it has many important applications, one of which is RAM (Radar Absorbing Material). The magnetic properties of nanomaterials are known to be influenced by their size. In this simulation research, the research objective was to analyze the temperature value of the Curie and the hysteresis curve of the Fe3O4 material with variations in the size of the material sample cube of 5 nm, 8 nm, 10 nm, 12 nm, and 15 nm. In this study, using a micromagnetic simulation method based on atomistic models with the Vampire program. The results showed that the Curie temperature value in the Fe3O4 material was influenced by variations in the size of the material. The Curie temperature values when the side sizes of the cube are 5 nm, 8 nm, 10 nm, 12 nm, and 15 nm, namely 650 K, 635 K, 650 K, 665 K and 645 K. The characteristics of the hysteresis curve for Fe3O4 material based on simulations at each material size (5 nm, 8 nm, 10 nm, 12 nm, and 15 nm) for several temperatures (0 K, 328 K, 473 K and 773 K) indicate that there is a change in the coercivity and field values. saturation.

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