magnetite fe3o4
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2022 ◽  
Yeseul Park ◽  
Zohar Eyal ◽  
Péter Pekker ◽  
Daniel M. Chevrier ◽  
Christopher T. Lefèvre ◽  

Metal sulfides are a common group of extracellular bacterial biominerals. Only few cases of intracellular biomineralization have been reported in this group, mostly limited to greigite (Fe3S4) in magnetotactic bacteria. Here, we report the intracellular but periplasmic biomineralization of copper sulfide by the magnetotactic bacterium Desulfamplus magnetovallimortis (strain BW-1) that is known to mineralize greigite and magnetite (Fe3O4) in the cytoplasm. BW-1 produces hundreds of spherical nanoparticles, composed of 1-2 nm substructures of a poorly crystalline hexagonal copper sulfide that remains in a thermodynamically unstable state. Differential proteomics suggests that periplasmic proteins, such as a DegP-like protein and a heavy metal-binding protein, could be involved in this process. The unexpected periplasmic formation of copper sulfide nanoparticles in BW-1 reveals previously unknown possibilities for intracellular biomineralization.

2022 ◽  
pp. 122027
Florian Schwarz ◽  
Sascha Pomp ◽  
Peter Seidel ◽  
Xiaoke Li ◽  
Joachim Paier ◽  

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 297
Andrea Paut ◽  
Ante Prkić ◽  
Ivana Mitar ◽  
Lucija Guć ◽  
Marijan Marciuš ◽  

The solid-state ion-selective electrodes presented here are based on the FePO4:Ag2S:polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) = 1:1:2 with an addition of (0.25–1)% microwave-synthesized hematite (α-Fe2O3), magnetite (Fe3O4), boehmite [γ-AlO(OH)], and alumina (Al2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) in order to establish ideal membrane composition for iron(III) cations determination. Synthesized NPs are characterized with Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Powder X-Ray Diffraction (PXRD), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). The iron oxides NPs, more specifically, magnetite and hematite, showed a more positive effect on the sensing properties than boehmite and alumina NPs. The hematite NPs had the most significant effect on the linear range for the determination of ferric cations. The membrane containing 0.25% hematite NPs showed a slope of −19.75 mV per decade in the linear range from 1.2∙10−6 to 10−2 mol L−1, with a correlation factor of 0.9925. The recoveries for the determination of ferric cations in standard solutions were 99.4, 106.7, 93.6, and 101.1% for different concentrations.

Biomedicines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 1855
Andrea Micurova ◽  
Michal Kluknavsky ◽  
Silvia Liskova ◽  
Peter Balis ◽  
Martin Skratek ◽  

We investigate the distribution and biological effects of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-coated magnetite (Fe3O4@PEG) nanoparticles (~30 nm core size, ~51 nm hydrodynamic size, 2 mg Fe/kg/day, intravenously, for two days) in the aorta and liver of Wistar–Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Fe3O4@PEG had no effect on open-field behaviour but reduced the blood pressure (BP) of Fe3O4@PEG-treated SHR (SHRu) significantly, compared to both Fe3O4@PEG-treated WKY (WKYu) and saline-treated control SHR (SHRc). The Fe3O4@PEG content was significantly elevated in the aorta and liver of SHRu vs. WKYu. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was unaltered in the aorta, but significantly increased in the liver of SHRu vs. SHRc. In the aorta, Fe3O4@PEG treatment increased eNOS, iNOS, NRF2, and DMT1 gene expression (considered main effects). In the liver, Fe3O4@PEG significantly elevated eNOS and iNOS gene expression in SHRu vs. SHRc, as well as DMT1 and FTH1 gene expression (considered main effects). Noradrenaline-induced contractions of the femoral arteries were elevated, while endothelium-dependent contractions were reduced in SHRu vs. SHRc. No differences were found in these parameters in WKY rats. In conclusion, the results indicated that the altered haemodynamics in SHR affect the tissue distribution and selected biological effects of Fe3O4@PEG in the vasculature and liver, suggesting that caution should be taken when using iron oxide nanoparticles in hypertensive subjects.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3275
Michela Sturini ◽  
Constantin Puscalau ◽  
Giulia Guerra ◽  
Federica Maraschi ◽  
Giovanna Bruni ◽  

A simple not solvent and time consuming Fe3O4@MIL-100(Fe), synthesized in the presence of a small amount of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (27.3 wt%), is here presented and discussed. Layer-by-layer alone (20 shell), and combined layer-by-layer (5 shell)/reflux or /hydrothermal synthetic procedures were compared. The last approach (Fe3O4@MIL-100_H sample) is suitable (i) to obtain rounded-shaped nanoparticles (200–400 nm diameter) of magnetite core and MIL-100(Fe) shell; (ii) to reduce the solvent and time consumption (the layer-by-layer procedure is applied only 5 times); (iii) to give the highest MIL-100(Fe) amount in the composite (72.7 vs. 18.5 wt% in the layer-by-layer alone); (iv) to obtain a high surface area of 3546 m2 g−1. The MIL-100(Fe) sample was also synthesized and both materials were tested for the absorption of Ofloxacin antibiotic (OFL). Langmuir model well describes OFL adsorption on Fe3O4@MIL-100_H, indicating an even higher adsorption capacity (218 ± 7 mg g−1) with respect to MIL-100 (123 ± 5 mg g−1). Chemisorption regulates the kinetic process on both the composite materials. Fe3O4@MIL-100_H performance was then verified for OFL removal at µg per liter in tap and river waters, and compared with MIL-100. Its relevant and higher adsorption efficiency and the magnetic behavior make it an excellent candidate for environmental depollution.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (23) ◽  
pp. 11301
Minh Dang Nguyen ◽  
Hung-Vu Tran ◽  
Shoujun Xu ◽  
T. Randall Lee

Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs) are attractive nanomaterials in the field of material science, chemistry, and physics because of their valuable properties, such as soft ferromagnetism, half-metallicity, and biocompatibility. Various structures of Fe3O4 NPs with different sizes, geometries, and nanoarchitectures have been synthesized, and the related properties have been studied with targets in multiple fields of applications, including biomedical devices, electronic devices, environmental solutions, and energy applications. Tailoring the sizes, geometries, magnetic properties, and functionalities is an important task that determines the performance of Fe3O4 NPs in many applications. Therefore, this review focuses on the crucial aspects of Fe3O4 NPs, including structures, synthesis, magnetic properties, and strategies for functionalization, which jointly determine the application performance of various Fe3O4 NP-based systems. We first summarize the recent advances in the synthesis of magnetite NPs with different sizes, morphologies, and magnetic properties. We also highlight the importance of synthetic factors in controlling the structures and properties of NPs, such as the uniformity of sizes, morphology, surfaces, and magnetic properties. Moreover, emerging applications using Fe3O4 NPs and their functionalized nanostructures are also highlighted with a focus on applications in biomedical technologies, biosensing, environmental remedies for water treatment, and energy storage and conversion devices.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (22) ◽  
pp. 7075
Madiha Fathi Elmahaishi ◽  
Raba’ah Syahidah Azis ◽  
Ismayadi Ismail ◽  
Muhammad Syazwan Mustaffa ◽  
Zulkifly Abbas ◽  

This study presents the utilization of mill scale waste, which has attracted much attention due to its high content of magnetite (Fe3O4). This work focuses on the extraction of Fe3O4 from mill scale waste via magnetic separation, and ball milling was used to fabricate a microwave absorber. The extracted magnetic powder was ground-milled using two different techniques: (i) a conventional milling technique (CM) and (ii) mechanical alloying (MM) process. The Fe3O4/CM samples were prepared by a conventional milling process using steel pot ball milling, while the Fe3O4/MM samples were prepared using a high-energy ball milling (HEBM) method. The effect of milling time on the structural, phase composition, and electromagnetic properties were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and a vector network analyzer (VNA). XRD confirmed the formation of magnetite after both the magnetic separation and milling processes. The results revealed that Fe3O4 exhibited excellent microwave absorption properties because of the synergistic characteristics of its dielectric and magnetic loss. The results showed that the Fe3O4/CM particle powder had a greater absorption power (reflection loss: <−10 dB) with 99.9% absorption, a minimum reflection loss of −30.83 dB, and an effective bandwidth of 2.30 GHz for 2 mm thick samples. The results revealed the Fe3O4/MM powders had higher absorption properties, including a higher RL of −20.59 dB and a broader bandwidth of 2.43 GHz at a matching thickness of only 1 mm. The higher microwave absorption performance was attributed to the better impedance matching property caused by the porous microstructure. Furthermore, the magnetite, Fe3O4 showed superior microwave absorption characteristics because of the lower value of permittivity, which resulted in better impedance matching. This study presents a low-cost approach method by reutilizing mill scale waste to fabricate a high purity crystalline Fe3O4 with the best potential for designing magnetic nano-sized based microwave absorbers.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (22) ◽  
pp. 12342
Chanchan Xu ◽  
Bin Li ◽  
Xiaojie Wang

This work investigates the mechanical properties, microstructures, and water-swelling behavior of a novel hydrogel filled with magnetic particles. The nanoparticles of magnetite (Fe3O4) and the micro-particles of carbonyl iron (CI) were selected and filled into a polyacrylamide (PAAM) hydrogel matrix to create two types of magnetic hydrogels. The isotropy and anisotropy of magnetic hydrogels are also presented in this study. The isotropic samples were cured without applying a magnetic field (MF), and the anisotropic samples were cured by applying an MF in the direction perpendicular to the thickness of the samples. The effects of the size, content, and inner structures of magnetic particles on the magneto-responsive and swelling properties of magnetic hydrogels were investigated. It was found that the magnetorheological (MR) effect of anisotropic samples was apparently higher than that of isotropic samples, and the hydrogels with CI exhibited a noticeable MR effect than those with Fe3O4. The storage modulus can be enhanced by increasing the filler content and size, forming an anisotropic structure, and applying an external MF. In addition, the magnetic hydrogels also have a swelling ability that can be tuned by varying the content and size of the particle fillers.

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